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Is Human Cloning Ethical? Essay

1543 words - 6 pages

Is Human Cloning Ethical?Human cloning is a very controversial topic since it affects the moral values of human beings and other living things alike. In 1997, scientists announced the birth of the first cloned sheep, which they named Dolly. This signaled the future of cloning possibilities. Scientists began extensive experiments on cloning and, since then, they have cloned both plants and animals successfully (Williams, Johnson 3). The next step was to clone actual human beings; but before experiments could have been carried out pressure started to build on the scientists because people started to doubt if cloning was ethical and morally correct. Governments began to introduce bans and constraints on cloning, as they felt cloning was not correct, and because they had to represent the people of its country, it had to act on it. Surveys showed that the majority of people opposed human cloning because of the great likelihood of abuse. “The real problem is whenever man has shown master over man, it has always meant the enslavement of man”, Rabbi Moshe Tendler stated. It is perhaps for this reason that President Clinton and many other nations have outlawed government spending on human cloning (Simmons 4). Cloning has its pros but its cons seem to overcome them greatly. Human cloning is unethical and should not be legalized for many reasons. For one, cloning is expensive and there is only a slim chance of success. Secondly, human cloning would lead to emotional and psychological trauma for the cloned child, who would soon find out that he is just a replica of someone else. Finally, if human cloning is ever legalized and allowed to occur, it will ultimately sharply reduce genetic variability and the whole population will genetically all become the same (Lamb 1-3).First of all, cloning is very expensive and, furthermore, there is a slim chance that it will work. In 1997, Dr. Ian Wilmut revealed to the world that he had cloned the first sheep which was named Dolly. Dolly, who soon became the world’s best known sheep, was cloned at Roslin, near Edinburgh (Rose 1). At this time, excitement grew into the desire to create human life (Simmons 1). Organ regeneration, advanced cosmetics, and the chance to have children were promised by scientists. After all, modern science created a sheep. Why can't it create a human? Well one reason is because it would take about 300 tries to produce a healthy baby. This is something the scientists did not clearly mention. What most people don't know is that Dolly was not the first. Ten of the 300 sheep were dead, five had deformities, and one could do nothing but pant (Williams, Johnson 3). It was destroyed because of the pain it was suffering. All of the rest of the attempted clones simply did not develop. How many times are we going to try to create a human? How many mentally handicapped and deformed babies will we bring into this world before we achieve success? We don't need new, cloned people. Why would we...

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