"Is It True That In The Uk, The Legislature Increases Power Of Pm, While In The Usa, The Legislature Decreases Power Of President?"

2026 words - 8 pages

Essay Question: Is it true that in the UK, the legislature increases power of PM, while in the USA, the legislature decreases power of President?It is said that Parliamentary government in the UK gives the Prime-Minister more power than US Presidential system gives to the President. Is it true that domestically the Prime Minister is more powerful and influential on executive and legislature branches than the US President? In order to identify that, this essay will discuss and compare the UK and the US legislature and position of each "chief executives" in the main areas of these governments such as elections, constitutional privilege, passing legislature, party system and international affairs.Before answering to the question, it is essential to define a term "power". According to Keith Dowding(1991), 'social power' is "the ability of an actor deliberately to change the incentive structure of another actor or actors to get desirable outcomes". In other words, a power of an authority can be evaluated by its' effectiveness of setting costs and benefits of actions on citizens and officials. It will be covered later how the Prime-Minister can affect the incentives of its MPs in order to maintain the power. Steven Lukes'(1974) in his theory of "three faces of power" states that power of an "actor" can be exercised and expressed in three ways: by shaping, influencing and determining a will of another "actor" or "actors" (Lukes, Steven. Power: A Radical View. London: Macmillan Press, 1974. p. 25). However, this theory doesn't explain why one maintains more power than others. Which is better explained in resource-dependency ideas of Martin Smith.(2009) He highlights the importance of relationship of maintaining and exercising power by "negotiating, compromising and bargaining". (Hague R., Harrop M., Comparative Government and Politics, 8th edition , 2010,p.11) This concept is mostly used by the US President to exercise his power, while The UK Prime Minister uses another method (Watts D., Understanding US/UK Government and Politics, 2nd edition,p.78) This should be analysed while comparing powers of these two political figures, starting with elections.Elections is the first step for both "heads of government" to come in power. As relationship method used in the US it requires a lot of time and money. The President has a fixed term and constitutionally he/she cannot be removed from office, unless the Cabinet declares him/ her as "unable to discharge his or her duties" as a consequence of impeachment or illness he/she will have to resign.The Prime-Minister is not directly elected, he is appointed by the Electoral College (Lowe C. Et al, 2010, Politics, Pearson, p.20-23) . There is no time limitation, unless a "vote of no confidence" for the Prime-Minister passes the Parliament. In fact the Prime-Minister has more advantage than the President in this area as he/she has exclusive "power of dissolution", which gives him/her the right to ask the Queen for a...

Find Another Essay On "Is it true that in the UK, the legislature increases power of PM, while in the USA, the legislature decreases power of President?"

The Power of True Feelings in The King of Masks

1853 words - 8 pages " The world is a cold place but we can bring warmth to it". -- The quote from one the of characters Master Liang pinpoints a key theme in Wu Tianming 's movie The King of Masks, that is, the power of the true feelings in times of oppression and inequality. Wu Tianming is a representative of Chinese fourth generation filmmakers, who are known for a simple, natural and realistic way of storytelling as well as their thematic

The true power of stories Essay

1358 words - 6 pages dissociation. In her piece she makes it clear that the mind is fragile, and that most likely when it breaks it cannot be fixed. The mind is much like glass it is strong and fragile; but once it is broken there will always be cracks left behind. Stout wrote, While she was being abused, Julia developed the reaction of standing apart from herself and her situation…. But the part of herself consciousness that she thinks of as her self was not there

The True Power Behind the Power of Context

1949 words - 8 pages context in society has a great influence on human behavior, it does have limitations to it. These limitations are what Tenner refers to as revenge effects; revenge effects are the negative results of an innovation, a new idea, or in other words, a change to the environment or one’s surroundings. One limitation to the power of context is that although one can be placed into a friendly, relatively good neighborhood, revenge affects may counteract


4456 words - 18 pages misconduct.The President enjoys immunity form legal proceedings under Article 43 of the Constitution for acts done in his personal capacity while in office. This further consolidates the power base of the executive in the exercise of its functions of the office of President.The Zambian Constitution under Article 44 stipulates the functions of the President. From the functions enumerated it is quite apparent that the Constitution establishes the president

The Power of Presidency: The Separation of Powers that the President has to follow

823 words - 3 pages privileges than an average citizen in America? One would think that the President is just an average "citizen who holds the office of President of the United States," however still holds the same responsibilities as those of American citizens. If this holds true, than the American people should be able to sue the President while in office and still have the right to a fair trial. Take our current President for example: warrantless wire tapping

Power That Exists in Lord of the Flies

1123 words - 5 pages novel. After this confrontation, the Lord of the Flies seems like a beast, symbolizes the power of evil, and is a satan-like figure who brings out the beast in each of the boys. These quotes prove how the conch displays order and civilization, while the pig’s head displays savagery and the breakdown of civilization. The two kinds of power that are shown in Lord of the Flies, are authoritarian and democratic. “Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong

Comparing Pluralist and Marxist Accounts of Power in the UK and US

2186 words - 9 pages Britain, pressure groups have less power as there is a greater degree of centralisation and a much stronger party system, so the legislature is able to grant access to the pressure groups it is interested in, such as corporate lobbyists, for example, whilst denying it to groups that are out of favour. Such a system is less in evidence in America. In both Britain and America, most of the power of pressure groups comes from the

Lenin and His Coming of Power after the Russian Revolution- Follows Lenin's Implementation of the April Thesis: Peace, Bread and Land while in Power

896 words - 4 pages Once the Tsar abdicated and the Provisional Government came to power, Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik party, immediately adopted general ideas about the future of Russia. He demanded that there should be a worldwide socialist revolution, the soviets should take power and no longer cooperate with the weak Provisional government, land should be given to the peasants and Russia was to end her involvement in the war. By the end of April 1917

Solar Energy- The true Power of the Sun

1029 words - 5 pages (Writer, 2014). If we could convert all it fully into electricity, humans could create one year’s worth of power for the entire pleat in a single hour (Writer, 2014). That is amazing. Since is evident that the solar energy comes from the sun. The sun is like other stars, it is a big gas call made mostly of hydrogen and helium (Lsa.colorado.edu, 2014). The sun itself generates energy in its core which is known as a process called nuclear fusion

The Power That Kills

1488 words - 6 pages ingeniously shows this tragic occurrence through the character development of, not only Macbeth, but a myriad of other supporting characters, in the hopes that people will see that the lust for power can corrupt even the most incorruptible man. Shakespeare is undoubtedly a master of literature, as he has proven countless times over with an innumerable amount of remunerable characters, themes, and settings. It is also obvious that Shakespeare held a

Stalin's Atrocities While In Power

838 words - 4 pages "... voluntarily joined formations organized by Germans and stood up with weapons against the Red Army,” (Operation Lentil). Although it is said that Stalin was one of the men who greatly influenced the 20th century, it is also agreed that his contributions to the world and his country came at an appalling cost. Stalin’s ruthless ambition, consuming paranoia, and callous disregard for human life will mark him down as one of the most inhumane, savage leaders in history. “One death is a tragedy, one million is a statistic.” -Joseph Stalin

Similar Essays

To What Extent Does The Legislature Restrict The Power Of The Russian President?

2202 words - 9 pages successor . However, whilst Yeltsin himself has faced much ridicule and criticism in the latter stages of his Presidency it is undeniable that he is a remarkable statesman. When looking at the issue of Presidency versus legislature in any system it is important to view three key issues, the role and power of the presidential office, the power of the legislature and the dynamic between the two, which on the side of the President depends a great deal

Which Legislature Has The Most Power In Holding The Executive To Account, The Uk Or The Us?

1286 words - 5 pages extent of this power is impressive as it limits the amount of influence that the President has with regard to the judiciary and even to the executive. With Congress having these constitutional powers, it is evident that they have considerably more control over the executive than in the UK. This is due to the lack of ratification powers in the legislature. The Prime Minister tends to approve the majority of the posts himself, and so the legislature

The Excessive Power Of The Canadian Pm

935 words - 4 pages Court, upon the advice of the Prime Minister (Library of Parliament, 2013). Hence, the Prime Minister probes in virtually every branch of the Canadian government. It is quite unambiguous then, that the Canadian Prime Minister’s spearheading of the government at the federal level makes them too powerful. In fact, O’Malley’s study found that out of twenty-two parliamentary democracies surveyed across the globe, Canada’s Prime Minister had the most

Power Of The American President Essay

857 words - 3 pages . The president is the victim of a deep paradox within the American political psyche - a craving for clear leadership but a distrust of those who exercise power. The changing role of the USA also presents the president with another paradox - while it is now the worlds only super power it is no longer the worlds economic colossus: Japan, Europe and in the future China are major rivals. With the collapse of soviet