This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Is Nature Or Nurture The Cause Of Differences Between Male And Female Brains? : A Detailed Outline

1550 words - 7 pages

Focus Questions: Are the differences in the behavior and cognition of men and women biological (nature) or due to social conditioning (nurture)? What are these specific differences and are they socially significant?

Thesis Statement: The differences between male and female brains with respect to cognition and behavior are due to both biological factors and social conditioning, though the largest discrepancies are caused by nature.

What does “nature vs. nurture” mean?
“Nature” is an explanation for the differences between men and women that suggests that many (and in some cases all) differences are due to evolutionary causes, and are cogenital and unaviodable.
“Nurture” is the exact ...view middle of the document...

These studies have been used to propagate the opinion that women should not take jobs, and instead remain in their role as caretakers and housekeepers. (Hammer)
Social conservatives started using the biological evidence of gender differences to claim validity for the women-as-natural-homemaker model of society. (Blustain)
Gradual acceptance of the topic
There is a critical mass of evidence which has made it inescapable that there is a biological difference in behaviour between the sexes. (Alaton)
Opinions that challenged previous feminist notions of the complete identicalness of the genders appeared as early as the mid 1980’s.
It is only since Raisman’s and Field’s study (the first scientists to discover gender-based differences in mammal brains) that researchers have felt that there could be structural sex differences in the brain. (Gibbons)
Proponents of the nature argument
It is evolution and biology that make us significantly different, and no amount of feminist agitation will change that. Men will continue to be philandering, non-nurturing and sex-focused, and women will continue to be mothering keepers-of-the-hearth. (Blustain)
Proponents of the nurture argument
Men dominated fields like architecture and engineering because of social, not hormonal, pressures. Women did the vast majority of society's child rearing because few other options were available to them. (Gorman)
Specific differences
Women talk to express caring, gain consensus and build community; men talk to rank one another and maintain a competitive position. (Alaton)
New technology in brain imaging reveals that men and women actually use different parts of their brains to deal with the same tasks. (Alaton)
Advantages that males have
Men excel at thinking in three dimensions. (Gorman)
This may be due to ancient evolutionary pressures related to hunting, which requires orienting oneself while pursuing prey. (Gorman)
Disadvantages that males have
Young boys are told to ignore pain and not to cry. (Gorman)
Some anthropologists argue that this psychic wound is inflicted to separate boys from their mothers and prepare them for warfare. (Gorman)
Advantages that females have
Females are gifted at detecting the feelings and thoughts of others, inferring intentions, absorbing contextual clues and responding in emotionally appropriate ways. (Marano)
This ability may result from society's emphasis on raising girls to be sensitive. (Gorman)
Some researchers speculate that it has arisen to give women greater skill in interpreting the cues of toddlers before they are able to speak. (Gorman)
Verbal/written communication skills
Preliminary neurological studies show that women make use of both hemispheres of their brain during even the simplest verbal tasks, like spelling. (Gorman)
This greater access to the brain's imagery and depth may help explain why girls often begin speaking earlier than boys, enunciate more clearly as tots and develop a larger...

Find Another Essay On Is Nature or Nurture the Cause of Differences Between Male and Female Brains? : A Detailed Outline

A conflict between male authority and female resistance

793 words - 3 pages The Religious Beliefs of Others"The Lottery"In Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery," there is a conflict between male authority and female resistance. "The Lottery" attempts to explain an obscured way of controlling female sexuality. In this short story the women are not allowed to take part in the drawing. This is significant because their exclusion from the lottery leaves their fate to be decided by the males in the society. The society in this

The Potential for Change: The relationship between male/female with culture/nature

1419 words - 6 pages society. If, as James Connolly said, "the cause of labour and the cause of Ireland could not be dissevered, then the causes of women and republicanism are undoubtedly equally indivisible". This principal is reinforced by Ortner in her cultural ideology of Taoism; the yin and yang concept whereby male and female "are given equal weight". After all, woman is "half of the human race".The Irish Free State government comminsioned Sir Lavery to paint an

“The Relationship between a Male and Female” - Mercedes High school - Essay

1214 words - 5 pages Garcia1 “The Relationship between a Male and Female” In America today there are many dysfunctional relationships and it can be anyone faults such as the male and female weakness in a marriage you’re not always going to have the best relationship in fact when I was 8 years old my partners didn’t have greatest relationship. When they were together everything was fine they never got in arguments never had any problems but after a while I notices

Difference between Quests Doen by Female and Male Heroes

1064 words - 4 pages the evil Baba Yaga without ever gaining enough courage to refuse or complain. In general, the female protagonists are patient and meek in their behavior in a hostile environment and depend on nature, the supernatural, and chance to save them from suffering during their quests. Unlike female protagonists, male protagonists are flat and non-individualized (Scott 63). The characteristics of these heroes are very easy to identify since they are

Outline the main differences between Civil and Criminal Law in Scotland and describe how these differences operate

899 words - 4 pages can deal with claims of £3000 or less, summary cause proceedures deal with claims between £3000 and £5000 while ordinary cause claims are between £3000 and above. The Court of Session based in Edinburgh consists of two houses, the Outer House and the Inner House. The Outer House is a court of first instance and boasts a far-reaching jurisdiction throughout scotland with 24 judges known as ''Lords Ordinary'' who each hold individual sessions

Outline the key differences between a job description and a person specification, and their uses during the recruitment and selection process

2326 words - 9 pages all the specified essential characteristics and the most desirable characteristics should be selected for the job.' (Redman, 2001, p.28) After the best candidate has been chosen there should be a monitoring and evaluation of the results: how the candidate is performing on the job in order to provide a measure of validity. 'High correlations between the selection or development ratings and the performance ratings would indicate that the decisions

is the creature a product of nature or nurture?

1162 words - 5 pages . Not only was he disrespected by the people living around him, he wasn’t cultivated by Victor on how to behave as well as not being cared or loved for, which was the one thing he truly desired. If it’s a question of whether the creature was a product of nature or nurture, the answer is nurture as he was his own enemy throughout the story. Had Victor took the time to nurture and educate the creature, there would have been a much greater chance that all those deaths would have simply not occurred. It is shown how ones actions can cause so much harm to a large group of people and in this case Mary Shelly’s, Frankenstein is the perfect example of it.

Research paper on Gender roles in the workforce mainly in the law enforcement field involving in the difference between male & female law enforcers

1332 words - 5 pages men and women. Whether or not a female can do the same job as a male came into question, when females began to take jobs that used to be considered "male jobs". An example would be a firefighter. Women need physical endurance to perform tasks such as chopping wood, climbing ladders and carrying fire victims out of burning buildings in order to become a firefighter. If a woman is capable of doing what is asked of any firefighter, at a satisfactory

Is Homosexuality a Result of Nature or Nurture?

1708 words - 7 pages means solely heterosexual and a Kinsey 6 is solely homosexual, with everything in between being varying degrees of bisexual (Pickering, Homosexuality the Causes, para. 1). His studies were published and entitled Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. In 1957 Karen Hooker performed the first test to find biological determinism. The Rorschach test, Thematic-Apperception Test, and the Make-A-Picture-Story- Test

The Nature of Aggression (or is it Nurture?)

1439 words - 6 pages The Nature of Aggression (or is it Nurture?) Every night on the news there are reports about murders, wars, and rapes. But the news isn't the only place where people encounter violent or aggressive behavior. Driving home from work, people get cut off and cussed at on a daily basis. At school, children fight over who will be the first in the lunch line. On the street, people get pushed out of the way if they are not walking fast enough. The

Differences Between Individuals Will Always Occur In Work Organisation. Ideally, Good Management Practice Should Use Performance Appraisal Information In Ways That Will Promote Equality Amongst...

734 words - 3 pages company determined norms, it is a mean of increasing the element of control over the employment.2) To enhance the consistency between employee actions and corporate goals in order to bring coporate objectives to the employee.3) To improve the quality of human resources planning 4) To improve the quality of salary reviews 5) To provide a record in case of dismissal, demotion, grievance or appeal and therefore employee needs to be able to justify

Similar Essays

Female Brains Vs. Male Brains Essay

1015 words - 5 pages works. But, scientists have found a few differences and similarities between the average male and female brain. The question is, whose brain is more superior? On average, women’s brains are more superior than men’s brains. The average woman has better use of her mental skills than the average man. “Women are better at interpreting body language,” (Brynie, 101-116), meaning that women can detect what one may be feeling faster than a man can. Because

Differences In The Male And Female Brain

682 words - 3 pages Differences in the Male and Female Brain It is proven that the male and female brains differ, but can one prove that it affects the behavior? Many scientists would agree that ones behavior is determined by his/her gender. Although others are convinced that social conditioning is the cause for the differences between the male and female, it is very unlikely that biological differences play no role in behavior. The male and female brains

Actual And Perceived Differences Between Male And Female Leaders

1897 words - 8 pages differences, we must first understand perception, and to understand perception one must study how behavior is observed and interpreted. This opens up a new realm of possibilities, since societies throughout the world differ on their expected roles for male and female. For objectivity, this report will focus on actual and perceived differences between male and female leaders. The report will study how men and women differ in expressing leadership, and how

Differences Between Male And Female Orientated Magazine Articles

3702 words - 15 pages Investigating the Difference Between Male and Female Orientated Magazine Articles For my investigation I decided to take stories sent in by readers to the magazines FHM and Cosmopolitan. FHM is aimed at men aged around 16 to 30, while Cosmopolitan is aimed at women of the same age. I thought it would be interesting to look at the differences between the two formats because I read FHM quite a lot, and some female friends