Isaac Newton Essay

1165 words - 5 pages

Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists of all time. He isbest-known for his discovery of the law of universal gravitation and thelaws of motion. Much of modern science is based on the understanding anduse of his laws.Isaac Newton was born on Christmas Day, 1642, in the small Englishtown of Woolsthorpe. His father, a farmer, died shortly before Isaac wasborn. When the boy was three years old, his mother remarried and moved toanother town. Isaac stayed on at the farm in Woolsthorpe with hisgrandmother. After attending small country school, he was sent at the ageof twelve to the Kings School in the near by town of Grantham.At first Isaac was a poor student. He cared little for school work,perferring to paint, make kites, write in notebooks, or invent toys. Hemade no friends. Silent and dreamy, he was at the bottom of his class.Oddly, it was a savage kick by a school bully that caused Newton's greatmind to awaken. The mild, dreamy boy flew into a rage and beat the otherboy thoroughly. Isaac determined to beat the bully in school work as well.Soon Isaac was at the head of his class.In 1656 Newton's stepfather died. His mother returned toWoolsthorpe to take care of the farm left by Newton's father. But she couldnot manage the farm by herself. Isaac was taken out of school and broughthome to help her.As a farmer, Newton proved to be a dismal failure. He neglected thenecessary chores and thought only of books to study and mechanical thingsto make. There are many stories about him at that time that show how absentminded he was becoming. One day while he was leading a horse, the animalslipped its bridle and ran away. Isaac continued walking home with theempty bridle, unaware that the horse was gone.When an idea got into Newton's head, he could think of nothingelse. Once, during a storm, his mother sent him to shut the barn doors tokeep them from being torn off. Half an hour later she went to see what waskeep the boy so long. He had forgotten all about the barn doors. They wereriped off the hinges, and Newton was jumping again and again from an openwindow to the ground. Each time, he marked the spot where he landed. Newtonwas trying to measure the force of the wind. when the gusts were strong,hes jumps were longer than when the wind was weaker.Realizing that her sonwas simply not suited to farm life, Newton's mother sent him back to KingsSchool. He graduated in 1661.When he was 18 years old, Newton went to Trinity College inCambridge University. He quickly proved to his teachers that he was noordinary student. He read all the books he could get, especially those onmathematics and physics. These interested him the most. His professors wereamazed to find that Newton knew about certain subjects even before he wastaught. the young man has mastered the subjects by himself.In 1665, when Newton was only 25 years old, he worked out a basicformula in Mathematics that has been used ever since. Today it is calledthe Binomial Theroem.That same year, 1665,...

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