Isaiah: A Prophet For The Ages (Old Testament)

3017 words - 12 pages

Isaiah: A Prophet For The AgesBy DWTWritten nearly 3,000 years ago, the book of Isaiah is the cornerstone of the Old Testament. It is the longest prophetic book in the Bible and contains numerous prophecies about the coming of the Messiah. According to Jay P. Green's Literal Translation p.976, the following verses of Isaiah are quoted or alluded to in the New Testament relating to Jesus: Isa 6:9,10 (Mt 13:14; Mk 4:12; Lk 8:10), Isa 9:14,15 (Mt 21:44; Lk 20:18), Isa 13:9,10 (Mt 24:29; Mk 13:24; Lk 21:25), Isa 22:22 (Rev 3:7), Isa 29:13 (Mt 14:8,8; Mk 7:6,7), Isa 36:5,6 (Mt 11:5; 9:27), Isa 39:8 (Mk 13:31), Isa 42:7 (Lk 4:18), Isa 53:12 (Lk 22:37), Isa 54:13 (Jn 6:45) Isa 56:7 (Mt 21:13; Mk 11:17; Lk 19:46), Isa 61:1 (Lk 4:18), Isa 66:1, 66:24 (Mt 5:34;25; Mk 9:44,46,48). In this light, Isaiah might also be called the foundation of the New testament as well.Isaiah was the son of Amoz. Asimov's Guide to the Bible p.527 mentions a rabbinic tradition that Amoz was a brother of king Amaziah, so Isaiah would be of royal blood. However, The Expositor's Bible Commentary volume 6 p.4 says this is a Jewish tradition that Amoz was of royal blood cannot be substantiated. But seeing that Isaiah had access to various Kings throughout his lifetime would seem to substantiate he was indeed of noble blood.Isaiah was called to be a prophet by God in 740 B.C., the year of king Uzziah's death. Isaiah may have died in 681 B.C. Hebrews 11:37 seems to allude to Isaiah dying by martyrdom (by being sawn in two). This was probably done under the reign of King Manasseh, the evil king who followed Hezekiah. Issac Asimov, in Asimov's Guide to the Bible p.546 said this was possible. The Jewish pseudepigraphal book Ascension of Isaiah says that Isaiah was killed by being sawn in two during the reign of Manasseh. Asimov's Guide to the Bible p.547 calls this "The Martyrdom of Isaiah" and says it was written about 100 A.D.The prophecies of Isaiah do not appear to be written chronologically, but were apparently arranged topically. It is believed Isaiah, toward the end of his life, arranged his prophecies in this way. Isaiah saw multiple visions throughout his life, and heard some oracles that were "audio only", as it were.Since the 19th century, there has been a debate as to how many people wrote the book of Isaiah. The arguments center around solely the style in which the book is written. Chapters 1-39 seem to be written of a different style to some than chapters 40-66. To some scholars, this indicates there were two "Isaiahs", or perhaps even three. They argue that the first half of the book deals with Assyria in then changes its focus to Babylon in second half, suggesting the second half was written in the Babylonian captivity or later. These same scholars almost always reject the idea supernatural, predictive prophecy, which is a good indication of where there sentiments really lie. It seems to me proponents of the two or three Isaiahs theory are trying to undermine the Bible's...

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