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Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte Aka Auguste Comte

904 words - 4 pages

Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte was a very important man in the field of sociology. He was a French philosopher that is considered the founding father of sociology. He is also credited with founding the field of positivism. Sociology is a social science that studies human societies, their interactions, and the processes that preserve and change them. It does this by examining the dynamics of constituent parts of societies such as institutions, communities, populations, and gender, racial, or age groups. Sociology also studies social status or stratification, social movements, and social change, as well as societal disorder in the form of crime, deviance, and revolution. ...view middle of the document...

His partnership with Saint-Simon ended in 1824 but Saint-Simon’s influence remained with Comte. In 1825, Comte married Caroline Massin, a registered prostitute. One reason for the marriage was to get her name off the police rolls. Shortly after marrying Massin, Comte suffered a nervous breakdown and was hospitalized in a mental health hospital. He was stabilized by French alienist Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol, but left the hospital before being cured. He also later tried to commit suicide by jumping off the Pont des Arts.
Comte was very good friends with John Stuart Mills. Mills was an English philosopher, political economist and civil servant who was important in the ideas of social theory, political theory and political economy. He also had a close relationship with the French writer and poet Clotilde de Vaux. From Comte’s relationship with Mills and Vaux, he developed a secular religion called “Religion of Humanity.” John Kells Ingram was a supporter of Comte’s ideas. Comte died of stomach cancer on September 5, 1857 and was buried at the famous Père Lachaise Cemetery surrounded by statues of his mother and Clotilde de Vaux.
Positivism is any system that confines itself to the data of experience and excludes a priori or metaphysical speculations. Positivism states that all authentic knowledge allows verification and that all authentic knowledge assumes that the only valid knowledge is scientific. Positivism has its roots in philosophy, poetry, the humanities and science. Comte’s ideas on positivism were first expressed in his texts Course on Positive Philosophy. These texts were published between 1830 and 1842. Comte felt that we have no knowledge of anything and what we think we know is relative. According to Comte, “We know not the essence, nor the...

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