Islam Essay

1074 words - 5 pages

Islam
Historical Facts
Where & How Does This Faith Perspective Originate?
Islam began with the Abraham, who bore two children: Ishmael and Isaac. Ishmael and his mother, Hagar are forced to leave Abraham, and the descendants of Ishmael develop into the Arabian people. Islam origins are located in Arabia, especially in the sacred area of Mecca, where a meteorite feel from the sky, and sacred rituals developed around the stone and the events that occurred after. The story stated that Abraham built the Ka'ba and embedded the stone when he went to visit his son. Another shrine is the Zamzam, a holy well, which presented itself when Ishmael was dying of thirst and began to kick the ground, and a well appeared. Ishmael is considered the founder of Mecca, a holy city and the center of the Arabian pilgrim's worship.
Founder & Followers:
The founder of Islam is Muhammad, also known as God's Messenger. He was born in 571 CE, born to just a mother, as his father had died, and his mother would die when he was six years old. Accordingly he was raised by his grandfather and uncle, growing up in poverty. Muhammad continuously questioned the Mecca religious beliefs, and when he married Khadija she encouraged his religious quests. He explored the Jewish and Christian belief in a final judgment and a punishment of idolaters by everlasting fire. Muhammad was visited by God, and he explained that Muhammad was a Messenger/Prophet of God. Muhammad often would go into trances and speak verses, and he traveled to Mecca to preach the word of God to the people of Mecca. However, many ridiculed him, yet continued to return to hear Muhammad speak. After ten years, Muhammad only few followers, Khadija, Zaid, and Abu Bakr, and others enlisted, totaling to 40. In 620 CE, Muhammad and six men from Medina met to discuss a war with Mecca, and in 630 CE Mecca surrendered. Today the religion has 1.5 billion followers, who all worship Allah.
Major Writings (Scriptures):
The Islam scriptures are collected in the Qur'an, speaking of Allah guiding human beings, stating those who through faith and good works, has deserved the good will of God, this person god rewards with his guidance, ad the evildoers go astray. Allah does not guide the wicked, while guidance comes from Qur'an. The Qur'an is the world that has been revealed by Allah to Muhammad and is the undistorted and final authority. Because the word Qur'an literally means "recitation" the Qur'an was first heard in sermons and public readings. It is considered authoritative only is the Arabic version.
Tenants of the Faith
The Absolute:
Islam means submission to God, and Muslim is one who summits or surrenders to God and recognizes Muhammad as God's prophet. After Muhammad's death, his teachings became the basis of the faith, iman, and obligation or duty, din, of Islam. The Islam religious beliefs fall under three headings: Iman (the articles of faith), Ihsan (the right conduct), and Ibadat (the religious duty). In...

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