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Islam And Christianity In Australia Essay

859 words - 3 pages

Islam is a monotheistic faith and the world's second largest religion after Christianity racking in 1.7% of Australia's Population, which is 347,381 out of the 21,007,310 possible people who live there and on a whole 15-20% of the world's population. There are around 40 mosques (a place of worship for Muslims) listed on Wikipedia in Australia.Followers of Islam (Muslims) believe that the one God (Allah) revealed his direct word for mankind to Muhammad and other prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. But it was considered that all that was revealed to Muhammad was the final and ultimate revelation.Muhammad was orphaned at six years of age, adopted by his Uncle Abu and later married wife Kahdijah. Muhammad resented the corruption and injustice in Mecca and the world, so as an act against it he left his life, family and friends behind to go off and spend alone in a cave, fasting and praying, hoping for a better world.Muhammad reached the conclusion that Arabs were led into corruption and wickedness because they believed in false gods - he believed there was only one God 'Allah'. Muhammad received a revelation from Allah in which Angel Gabriel was sent to him and told him he was to be a prophet of his people (this day is known to Muslims as 'The night of power and excellence') from there the Islamic religion has spread over the world.The Koran (Qur'an) is the Islamic holy text and is believed to be flawless by most Muslims since they believe it is the direct word from God to man. Muslims are required to share 2.5% of their yearly disposable income with the poor - this is done through tax. The Muslim approach to social justice is of the same level as a catholic or anybody else. Although it is evident that there is prejudice in the Koran such as Sura 3:118 "Believers, do not make friends with any but your own people". Not every Muslim practices this just as some Catholics do not take the holy bible literately.Christianity and Islam are two very closely related religions because they all respect Abraham and other patriarchs cited in the bible as their spiritual ancestors. This is why both Christianity and Islam are called Abrahamic religions. Many of their main points of belief and worship hold similarity yet most of the significant religious motivated conflicts such as mass crimes against humanity and genocides in the 20th century have been influenced between Muslims and Catholics.In fact, both religions acknowledge Jesus as a part of both their religions but in different ways. Catholics believe Jesus is the Son of God, worshipped as God and a part of the trinity whereas for Muslims, Jesus is highly respected as the second-last prophet. Both believe he was a virgin birth...

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