This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance

2285 words - 10 pages

The term ‘Muslim feminism’ is used by some feminists in Iran who recognize themselves as Islamic feminists, but they want to separate themselves from the former group.
Muslim feminists condemn Islamic feminists for not seeking amendments and improvements outside the context of Islam. Therefore, they regard themselves as a new class of feminists placed between Islamic and secular feminists. Roja Fazaeli defined Muslim feminism in summer 2004 defined as:
Both Islamic and Muslim feminists seek to reform Islamic law using ijtihad. However, Islamic feminist’s use of dynamic ijtihad as a tool for reform is confined to the framework of traditional Islamic fiqh, whereas Muslim feminists look for answers outside this framework. They acquire most of their responses from philosophy and Ahl Kalam. Ahl Kalam believe that before entering into the debate of dynamic ijtihad where time and context are crucial, one has to take into account some principle rules such as justice and equality, both of which are the essence of Qur’an. (2007)
After the victory of the Islamic revolution, a group of Iranian women joined women’s rights organizations and continued their opposition either in or out of Iran. They were defending women’s rights within their secular beliefs and concluded that because of the strong religious trend among Iranian women, no fundamental change can happen regardless of the religion. Therefore, we can conclude that they were seeking a theory that would cover the feminist views in a religious context and this was the time that the Muslim feminism was born in Iran. From their point of view it can be understood that Muslim feminism is a world between the fundamentalist and Western feminism. Mir-Hosseini believes that in order to be recognised in the Western academic world as a feminist scholar, one has to become a Muslim feminist instead of Islamic feminist for its dynamic source out from traditional concepts and. To be a Muslim feminist is also more tolerable in Islamic world than to be a merely feminist .

Muslim feminists’ discussions, either in or out of the country are based on cultural relativism, which means that any society has its own specific method and approach to resolve their issues and these issues should be studied in their specific cultural context (Ibid: 613) .
It is clear that Muslim feminism has been partly influenced by postmodern theories. Muslim feminists acknowledge patriarchy and male dominated society as the fundamental issue of women in the family and society. Seeking equality between men and women is their aim and they criticize the differences in the provisions and sharia (law) between men and women.
They also borrow the concepts of the western interpretation of humanism, secularism, human rights and the similarity between women’s and men’s rights. They attempt to provide new interpretations and readings of the Qur’an verses and simultaneously to provide the patterns from the West. While Islamic feminists seek for the...

Find Another Essay On Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

3133 words - 13 pages , women are excluded from the community of believers (the Umma), subjugated (and humiliated) by men via veiling. She decides then the veil is the symbol of Islam's control of and contempt for women and the regime in Iran has borrowed this in the name of Islam. Mir-Hosseini argues that one of the Islamic revolution’s outcomes in Iran has been to build the nation’s gender consciousness. …[W]hatever concerns women – from their most private to their

Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

1323 words - 6 pages football in the recent years, and its importance for Iranians (as one of the rare elements of their integration into the global culture), assisting in the international matches of football became one of the goals of Iranian women. When, after years of isolation, Iran could enter to the world cup in November 1997 after the result of the Iran–Australia match, in which Iran Won, for the first time after the Revolution, men and women together invaded

Economy and Gender Inequality in Iran

1118 words - 5 pages Iran: Gender and Education, Politics, and Economy Gender inequality is an issue that a large number of countries have faced, and many are still facing. Unequal treatment of the two genders can occur in settings such as: sexual, social, private, professional, educational, etc. Some countries, more than others, seem to be stuck in a vicious cycle as they strive to achieve gender equality. Iran is a country that has had its’ ups and downs in

Transgression in Art and Architecture

1625 words - 7 pages Introduction This theory essay will consist of a discussion between transgression in art and architecture. First I will discuss what is transgression in art and in architecture? Through my research I am going to show works of well-known architects and artists describing their intentions, meanings and the reasons behind the pieces of work. The work I will be showing has been designed to push the boundaries, to confront and explore the

Gender Equality in Islam And Christianity

1476 words - 6 pages Christianity and Islam are two of the world’s largest and most recognized religions. Both religions believe in one God and each has a holy book, the Quran and the Bible. Both books encourage belief in God and teach patience and honesty. They both also forbid lying and stealing and believe in some type of Heaven and Hell. So, if they have so much in common, why is there so much conflict between the two? This question is the exact reason why I

Gender inequality in Iran

2363 words - 9 pages reaching secondary or higher level education is 62.1% whilst 2 the same statistic for men counts 69.1% and the participation of women in the labour market at 3 16.4% while the participation of men is 72.5% . Such statistics make obvious the extent of 4 inequality and difference for women and men in Iran. The gender inconsistency is a result of a number of factors, including influences from Iranian authorities that aim to repress civil rights movements

Sexual Transgression in Monster and Vampire Movies

2882 words - 12 pages Sexual Transgression in Monster and Vampire Movies Vampires, not only lurking in far away lands such as the renowned Transylvania, but also have been said to lie in the deepest recesses of the human psyche. Its home, not a fortified castle guarded by the children of the night, but the realm of the sub-text, guarded by endless narratives. Each, a new bread in themselves, having represented different arenas in the human

Transcendence and Transgression in Toni Morrison’s Sula

1835 words - 8 pages the church scantily dressed and moreover, she sends her grandmother to the old folks home thus subverting the doctrines of the role of daughters and wives. Notwithstanding her transgression, the community considers her as a pariah and outlaw. What is considered as a bold departure by black males Sula’s interracial sex though when it comes to white women, they would not give it a second thought. The whole people unite in regarding Sula as an

Transcendence and Transgression in Toni Morrison's Sula

1468 words - 6 pages dressed and moreover, she sends her grandmother to the old folks home thus subverting the doctrines of the role of daughters and wives. Notwithstanding her transgression, the community considers her as a pariah and outlaw. What is considered as a bold departure by black males Sula’s interracial sex though when it comes to white women, they would not give it a second thought. The whole people unite in regarding Sula as an evil as she transgresses

Feminism and Gender Identities in Post Communistic Eastern Europe

849 words - 4 pages Post-Communist politics’ and ‘Feminism and Post-Communism’ and I will investigate the reasons why women are confused of their role in society post-communism. In my first article ‘Incorporating Gendered Identities into Transition Studies.’ The authors: Nastasia and Kartoshkina propose that women’s gender identity is “up for grabs” and that identities are in a transition right now where women are unclear of their role in society. The

Deconstruction,feminism and gender in "The Awakening" by Kate Chopin

932 words - 4 pages born creature, opening its eyes in a familiarworld that it had never known".Edna simply longs for independent life. That's why she decides to kill herself.The last thing I would like to talk about is gender criticism. It is close to the feministcriticism, but it mainly denotes woman herself. What I mean is that woman because ofgender is supposed to be a mother and wife. Many women are unable to escape this role. Sois Edna. She does not possess the

Similar Essays

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance

1709 words - 7 pages foundation. Via cultural relativism of postmodernism they argue that there are differences between women in the West and the women in the East. They conclude that the experiences and achievements of western feminism cannot be applied in Iran and it is a useless task to do so. (Jahanbegloo, P: 11) Rethinking of gender among Islamic feminists in Iran signifies their inclination to embrace postmodern believes in their debates concerning women in Iran

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 869 Words

869 words - 4 pages Equality and division of women activists Feminism in Iran is a term used to describe the Iranian women’s struggle for gender equalities and their resistance to patriarchy and classified private and public organizations. However, the term is wrongly used and misinterpreted by both the followers of the women’s rights movement and their adversaries, Islamic feminists. Much of the misunderstanding takes place simply because the term feminism does

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 2480 Words

2480 words - 10 pages Rethinking and resistance Urf (customs and social conventions), Sharia and modernity are three main features that have defined Iranian society since the Revolution. Gender issues and power over women and their sexuality in the public and private domains have been recognised as an important topic of conflict and superposition. Modernity and resistance for many Iranian women is simply to ignore and transgress the Urf and Sharia. This resistance

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 1655 Words

1655 words - 7 pages Islamic feminism and modernity Islamic feminism in Iran emerged within a culture where modern values are dynamically growing. Based on Kian’s analysis, we can point to some of these achievements: 70 per cent of the population is urban; the literacy rate for girls aged six and over is 82 per cent; the average number of children per woman is two; and the number of female students in institutes of higher education is two million, or 62 per cent