This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance

1323 words - 6 pages

Since Khatami’s presidency, another prominent challenge for women has been their participation and celebration of the International Day of Women in the public domain. Despite their difficulties each year and the confrontations with violent aggressions, they achieved the permission to participate in semi-public sectors of cultural places such as universities that are controlled by the authorities. However, women did not confine themselves to semi-public places and they take the risk every year to celebrate in more open public places. Their assemblies are publicized by Iranian blogs and Facebook pages. Amir-Ebrahimi also refers to another significant attempt of women to achieve their rights in the public domain, which is the allowance of women to enter the Azadi’s Stadium in international and important football matches. She expresses:

Because of the nationalistic connotation of football in the recent years, and its importance for Iranians (as one of the rare elements of their integration into the global culture), assisting in the international matches of football became one of the goals of Iranian women. When, after years of isolation, Iran could enter to the world cup in November 1997 after the result of the Iran–Australia match, in which Iran Won, for the first time after the Revolution, men and women together invaded public spaces, and broke Islamic and social codes of andaruni to express their joy…When the football team returned to Iran, women joined men to welcome their national heroes. There, it was one of the first attempts of women to invade and break barriers at Azadi’s Stadium and to enter by force. (Amir-ebrahimi, 2006)

Although women could enter the stadium in June 2005 to attend the match, the request was turned down again in 2006 during Ahamdi-Nejhad’s presidency era and the forces removed women in buses from the stadium site.

Fatima Mernissi believes that, the restrictions identify the borderlines between authority and vulnerability in Islamic societies and between men and women’s interactions. Therefore, breaking and attacking these boundaries and confronting them with these limitations are a kind of emancipation or empowerment. Mernissi’s closure sentences are appealing in this sense:

The frontier indicates the line of power because wherever there is a frontier, there are two kinds of creatures walking on Allah’s earth, the powerful on one side, and the powerless on the other…. If you can’t get out, you are on the powerless side. (1994, 242)

In Persian terminology these boundaries are called “red borders” and crossing these borders means to oppose the Urf. Transgression against the traditions, thus do not mean simply to break the rules but to cross the borders of Urf or Sharia that defines the limitations in women’s self-expression and appearance. Many Iranian young people nowadays follow the global cultural trends such as hairstyles, fashion, body painting, music and many others via satellite and Internet. Their new...

Find Another Essay On Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

1655 words - 7 pages Islamic feminism and modernity Islamic feminism in Iran emerged within a culture where modern values are dynamically growing. Based on Kian’s analysis, we can point to some of these achievements: 70 per cent of the population is urban; the literacy rate for girls aged six and over is 82 per cent; the average number of children per woman is two; and the number of female students in institutes of higher education is two million, or 62 per cent

Islam and Feminism in Iran: Rethinking Gender in Transgression and Resistance

3133 words - 13 pages , women are excluded from the community of believers (the Umma), subjugated (and humiliated) by men via veiling. She decides then the veil is the symbol of Islam's control of and contempt for women and the regime in Iran has borrowed this in the name of Islam. Mir-Hosseini argues that one of the Islamic revolution’s outcomes in Iran has been to build the nation’s gender consciousness. …[W]hatever concerns women – from their most private to their

Economy and Gender Inequality in Iran

1118 words - 5 pages Iran: Gender and Education, Politics, and Economy Gender inequality is an issue that a large number of countries have faced, and many are still facing. Unequal treatment of the two genders can occur in settings such as: sexual, social, private, professional, educational, etc. Some countries, more than others, seem to be stuck in a vicious cycle as they strive to achieve gender equality. Iran is a country that has had its’ ups and downs in

Transgression in Art and Architecture

1625 words - 7 pages Introduction This theory essay will consist of a discussion between transgression in art and architecture. First I will discuss what is transgression in art and in architecture? Through my research I am going to show works of well-known architects and artists describing their intentions, meanings and the reasons behind the pieces of work. The work I will be showing has been designed to push the boundaries, to confront and explore the

Gender Equality in Islam And Christianity

1476 words - 6 pages Christianity and Islam are two of the world’s largest and most recognized religions. Both religions believe in one God and each has a holy book, the Quran and the Bible. Both books encourage belief in God and teach patience and honesty. They both also forbid lying and stealing and believe in some type of Heaven and Hell. So, if they have so much in common, why is there so much conflict between the two? This question is the exact reason why I

Gender inequality in Iran

2363 words - 9 pages reaching secondary or higher level education is 62.1% whilst 2 the same statistic for men counts 69.1% and the participation of women in the labour market at 3 16.4% while the participation of men is 72.5% . Such statistics make obvious the extent of 4 inequality and difference for women and men in Iran. The gender inconsistency is a result of a number of factors, including influences from Iranian authorities that aim to repress civil rights movements

Sexual Transgression in Monster and Vampire Movies

2882 words - 12 pages Sexual Transgression in Monster and Vampire Movies Vampires, not only lurking in far away lands such as the renowned Transylvania, but also have been said to lie in the deepest recesses of the human psyche. Its home, not a fortified castle guarded by the children of the night, but the realm of the sub-text, guarded by endless narratives. Each, a new bread in themselves, having represented different arenas in the human

Transcendence and Transgression in Toni Morrison’s Sula

1835 words - 8 pages the church scantily dressed and moreover, she sends her grandmother to the old folks home thus subverting the doctrines of the role of daughters and wives. Notwithstanding her transgression, the community considers her as a pariah and outlaw. What is considered as a bold departure by black males Sula’s interracial sex though when it comes to white women, they would not give it a second thought. The whole people unite in regarding Sula as an

Transcendence and Transgression in Toni Morrison's Sula

1468 words - 6 pages dressed and moreover, she sends her grandmother to the old folks home thus subverting the doctrines of the role of daughters and wives. Notwithstanding her transgression, the community considers her as a pariah and outlaw. What is considered as a bold departure by black males Sula’s interracial sex though when it comes to white women, they would not give it a second thought. The whole people unite in regarding Sula as an evil as she transgresses

Feminism and Gender Identities in Post Communistic Eastern Europe

849 words - 4 pages Post-Communist politics’ and ‘Feminism and Post-Communism’ and I will investigate the reasons why women are confused of their role in society post-communism. In my first article ‘Incorporating Gendered Identities into Transition Studies.’ The authors: Nastasia and Kartoshkina propose that women’s gender identity is “up for grabs” and that identities are in a transition right now where women are unclear of their role in society. The

Deconstruction,feminism and gender in "The Awakening" by Kate Chopin

932 words - 4 pages born creature, opening its eyes in a familiarworld that it had never known".Edna simply longs for independent life. That's why she decides to kill herself.The last thing I would like to talk about is gender criticism. It is close to the feministcriticism, but it mainly denotes woman herself. What I mean is that woman because ofgender is supposed to be a mother and wife. Many women are unable to escape this role. Sois Edna. She does not possess the

Similar Essays

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance

1709 words - 7 pages foundation. Via cultural relativism of postmodernism they argue that there are differences between women in the West and the women in the East. They conclude that the experiences and achievements of western feminism cannot be applied in Iran and it is a useless task to do so. (Jahanbegloo, P: 11) Rethinking of gender among Islamic feminists in Iran signifies their inclination to embrace postmodern believes in their debates concerning women in Iran

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 869 Words

869 words - 4 pages Equality and division of women activists Feminism in Iran is a term used to describe the Iranian women’s struggle for gender equalities and their resistance to patriarchy and classified private and public organizations. However, the term is wrongly used and misinterpreted by both the followers of the women’s rights movement and their adversaries, Islamic feminists. Much of the misunderstanding takes place simply because the term feminism does

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 2480 Words

2480 words - 10 pages Rethinking and resistance Urf (customs and social conventions), Sharia and modernity are three main features that have defined Iranian society since the Revolution. Gender issues and power over women and their sexuality in the public and private domains have been recognised as an important topic of conflict and superposition. Modernity and resistance for many Iranian women is simply to ignore and transgress the Urf and Sharia. This resistance

Islam And Feminism In Iran: Rethinking Gender In Transgression And Resistance 2285 Words

2285 words - 10 pages The term ‘Muslim feminism’ is used by some feminists in Iran who recognize themselves as Islamic feminists, but they want to separate themselves from the former group. Muslim feminists condemn Islamic feminists for not seeking amendments and improvements outside the context of Islam. Therefore, they regard themselves as a new class of feminists placed between Islamic and secular feminists. Roja Fazaeli defined Muslim feminism in summer 2004