What we learn about Islamic spirituality from the sayings of Imam ‘Ali and the poetry and prose of Jalal al-Din Rumi
The majority of the Americans today tend to relate religion with spirituality. This is common especially for people who think of the guilt-inducing proscriptions on a certain set of behaviors, seemingly authoritative or arbitrary rules, unreasoning insistence and doctrinal orthodoxy, aggressive proselytizing, as well as divisive sectarianism. The majority of the Americans prefer describing themselves as interested in leading “sacred” or “spiritual” lives through the help of religion.
There are several significant things we can learn from the sayings of Imam Ali and the different pieces of poetry and prose from Jalal al-Din Rumi. They insist that Muslims dislike the word religion and instead insists that Islam is a religion that can be equated with a personal relationship with God. Muslims have a significant value for Allah. According to Imam, submission to the will of Allah defines spirituality and becomes the best companion in developing a solid relationship with the creator. Imam also assets that submission to Allah requires spiritual wisdom, which is a virtue of establishing a perfect relationship with the creator (Imam 1-3-2). We thereby come to learn that such wisdom is the noblest heritage, whereas practical and theoretical knowledge are some of the best signs of distinction from various degrees of relating with the creator. We also come to learn that spirituality is separated from the worldly favors. Rumi asserts that when the worldly fate favors an individual, it lends him the various attributes and surpasses merits of others (Rumi 1-3). Similarly, when the world faces away from an individual, it snatches away even his own fame and excellence regardless of the religious status. Rumi argues that when an individual faces such a situation when the world faces away from him, it is advisable to turn into a community of a spirit, which he asserts that it exists in the world of believers.
Teachings about Faith
There are several teachings that come from the sayings of Imam Ali and the various pieces of poetry and prose from Jalal al-Din Rumi. The two individuals teach people on the four categories of Jihad and how they influence the faith of an individual. People need to be persuaded to remain obedient to their creator as a sign of strengthening their faith and relationship with the creator. Through Jihad, believers should be prohibited from the vices and sin in the society as a sign of faith. They should never give up, but instead, should struggle firmly and sincerely on any occasion with an aim to detest the vicious. In order to demonstrate their faith, believers should persuade others to obey the orders from Allah.
Imam asserts that doubt is an indicator of weak faith (Imam 1-2). He describes the four aspects of doubts as vacillation, fear, hesitation and the unreasonable surrender to the aspect of infidelity. As one of...