Island In Robinson Crusoe, The Coral Island And Lord Of The Flies

1309 words - 5 pages

Island in Robinson Crusoe, the Coral Island and Lord of the Flies

Compare and Contrast the ways in which "Robinson Crusoe", "the Coral
Island" and "Lord of the Flies" present and develop the experience of
being marooned on a desert island. Show how the texts reflect the
ideas and beliefs of its own author and the period in which it was
written.

In all three novels a person or a group of people are marooned on a
desert/tropical island. All three crash of scupper on or near the
island they eventually live on. What is also important is that the
islands are great distances from other civilisation and frequented
shipping lanes. As such, the prospect of leaving the island or being
rescued quickly is a distant one. All three parties know this and
deal, or equally do not deal, with this fact. Oddly, the party that
get rescued quickest and have the highest chance of a quick rescue do
not deal with live away from civilisation very well at all, William
Golding's "Lord of the Flies".

Crusoe arrives on his island in a shipwreck. He thrown ashore when the
life-raft he was in is tipped over into the sea. By some miracle he is
washed ashore and lives whereas the rest of the crew of his ship are
lost. His arrival is tempestuous, just like the boys from "Coral
Island". They too crash their ship on rocks, in their case the Great
Barrier Reef, but they don't know that. The three of them, Ralph, Jack
and Peterkin are washed ashore whereas the rest of their crew is lost
also. The arrival is an angry one, but it is soon forgotten and the
boys make good their isle. The arrival of the boys from "Lord of the
Flies" is highly destructive. They crash land in an aeroplane, the
2oth century's shipwreck. Their coming causes great damage to the
isle, tearing a line through the trees;

"All around him the long scar smashed into the jungle was a bath of
heat." The symbolism Golding uses here is a fore runner for the damage
the boys will cause later.

In the beginning, Crusoe's isle is a prison, a hell from which he
cannot escape. He thinks often of leaving the isle, escaping is
solitude. He tries many schemes and ideas to leave the island, one of
which is the construction of a boat/canoe from a log. This idea fails
him.

Later Crusoe comes to love the island, it becomes his home. He builds
a small homestead that is house and in times of danger his castle. He
builds a garden which he cultivates and cares for. He makes a little
England in the midst of a tropical landscape. As he is there for so
long, 26 years, that he is galled at leaving. He feels that is his
island, that he is its king or appointed governor. He has weathered
the storm of faith and savages, wild animals and pirates and loves his
home, which is what the island is to him. The boys in "the Coral
Island" are the same, but a faster scale. They are on their island for
a few months, at the most three quarters of a year. They feel a
sadness at leaving their isle...

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