Isolationism Vs. International Cooperation Essay

1145 words - 5 pages

From the late 19th century to 1945 two ideologies and platforms contrasted one another. On one hand you have isolationism, Lassie Faire and a lack of global perspective. On the other hand you have international cooperation and what has been termed “war economies”. The failure of one seems to have cultivated the other as a response. Ultra nationalism, racial imperialism and antisocialism brought about great atrocities and failures both politically and morally. In response we have, not once, but twice, seen the rise of international cooperation to counter Nationalistic expansion. The contrast of a war economy versus an absolute free economy is seen on both sides of the political spectrums. It would be both belligerents that would apply this concept of government ran economies to enhance their military objectives.

The idea of isolationism stemmed from an earlier period of history when technology had not taken such a hold on our planet. What was “over there” stayed over there simply because the ability to cross either of the great oceans with any tactical soundness was not there. After the industrial revolution all that changed. The development of a large global economy by means of raw material and products created more dependence on outside actors. The Great Depression brought this to light to all those who refused to believe. Nations barrowed heavily during the First World War and most notably Germany after World War One. They used this money to build their armies, rebuild infrastructure and for Germany, it used the money to pay reparations, which ironically, it received from the U.S. to pay France and Great Britain so they could repay the U.S. With this money no longer existing, as it was now manifested into goods, the call for repayments could not be made. As stocks fell and banks recalled loans the global system shut down. No one was spared and global chaos took hold. Because of the failure for nations to build strong international cooperation there was no system in place to fix the problem. The economy had gone global, but the political system was still only national. The failure of the U.S. to ratify the League of Nations and the discontent among western powers left the world disordered.

As the lack of global cooperation brought about economic crises it also brought about the Second World War. The failure of Western powers after World War One to create a sustainable peace by means of reconciliation instead of reparations would pave the way for totalitarian regimes to consolidate power by harvesting resentment and fear. Reparations on the German economy, the belief in the failure of democracy and WWI had a heavy toll on the masses. From these ashes rose Adolf Hitler. Hitler mobilized the populace by blaming the problems of Germany on the rest of the world, which was not far off. Along with this he in sighted fear by flaming conspiracy theories that the communists and Jews started the First World War and that...

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