Isoroku Yamamoto: Biography Of The Japanese Admiral Who Lead The War In The Pacific.

880 words - 4 pages

Isoroku Yamamoto is considered a national hero in Japan. He is considered one of Japan's greatest naval officers of all time. He almost single-handedly commanded the entire Japan fleet, and won his country many early sea battles in World War II. But in the United States, he was portrayed as a monster, an evil second only to Hitler himself. Who was Isoroku Yamamoto? Was he a hero, or a monster?Isoroku Yamamoto was born Isoroku Takano on April 4, 1884. He was the sixth son of Takano Sadayoshi, and his name, Isoroku, means 56, the age Takano Sadayoshi was when his sixth son was born. The boy was immediately put up for adoption, and was adopted by the Yamamoto family.Isoroku Yamamoto graduated from Japan's imperial naval academy in 1904 at age 20. He was assigned to a cruiser, and in May 1905 he participated in the big naval battle of Tsushima Strait, where the new Japanese navy defeated the Russian navy. Yamamoto was wounded in the left hand and leg and lost two fingers, but recovered and continued with his naval career.In 1919, Yamamoto was sent to learn in the United States. He studied English in Harvard University, and also learned about the United States, and became familiar with the nation's strengths and weaknesses. After graduating from Harvard, Yamamoto returned to Japan and specialized in the new field of military aviation, and particularly naval aviation. In 1925, he returned to the United States as the naval attaché at the Japanese embassy in Washington, D.C. He stayed until 1936, when he returned to Japan to become the vice-minister for the Japanese Navy. By 1941, Isoroku Yamamoto became the Commander in Chief of all naval forces.In October 1941, General Hideki Tojo became the Prime minister of Japan. Knowing that war was now inevitable, Admiral Yamamoto began think about Japan's best chance of victory. After his time in the United States, his opinion of the U.S Navy was low, and he described it as "a club of golfers and bridge players." However, Yamamoto was fully aware of the power of the United States as a nation. He knew he had to knock the US Pacific Fleet out fast if he were to have any chance. Therefore he planned a surprise long range attack on the navy base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.On December 7, 1941, a Japanese task force launched over 350 fighters, bombers, and torpedo aircraft successfully attacked the naval air station and surrounding military installations, losing less than 20 aircraft and 5 midget submarines in the attack, and inflicting overwhelming damage on the naval vessels docked in the harbor. Of the approximately 100...

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