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Istanbul Palaces In Pre Ottoman Era Essay

798 words - 4 pages

Istanbul Palaces in Pre-Ottoman Era
Byzantium, Constantinople and Istanbul, these names are addressed to the same place which now we call it as Istanbul. According to the latest excavation during the construction of the Marmaray Tunnel in 2008, the history of Istanbul has begun from 6700 BC, that’s where they found the remains of sinking ships belong to the earliest human settlement of the city. In 700 BC, when the Greek Colonists which was led by King Byzas arrived in the area, they settled there because of the strategic location along the Bosphorus Strait, and late King Byzas named the city as Byzantium.
Succeeding its progression by the Greeks, Byzantium became an important part of the ...view middle of the document...

Additionally, Blakhernai Palace, located beside the Golden Horn in the western north of Constantinople as well as being adjacent to the city walls. Therefore, it is more protected than the Great Palace. During the First Crusade the Emperor of Byzantine between 1081 - 1118 Alexios I Komnenos received the commanders in this palace and he also added many buildings and enlarge the palace in order to fit the amount of the guest.
Blakhernai Palace divided into a few parts; church, prison and palace itself, and one of them is the Anemas Dungeons. Anemas Dungeons are a prison. On the other hand, this is not an ordinary prison, but it is a kind of high ranking state prison in the city. The name of Anemas is taken from the first person to be imprisoned there, he was a Byzantine general who rose against Emperor Alexios I Komnenos. In the Byzantine period and after the Latin occupation Anemas Prison was used as a prison, but there is no information how it was used after the Ottoman conquest in 1453. The other one is Tekfur Palace, Tekfur Palace is the only part of Blakhernai Palace which still exist today (not including the prison). The name of Tekfur derived from Arabic, the term tekfur was used in the early Ottoman period for the Byzantine Emperors and...

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