It's Your Liver Essay

1084 words - 5 pages

The liver is an organ in the body that people often take for granted. Being the second largest organ in the body, it has tasks like filtering waste products in the blood, storing fat soluble vitamins and starts the clotting and complement systems, just to name a few (Pearson Pg. 682-683). People don't always take care of their liver and with all the drugs, alcohol, dietary supplements, food, and chemicals in todays society, the liver is the primary target for injury. There are many diseases out in the world that can take a toll on the liver if people are not careful. Luckily, medical science has progressed so much that they can take care of problems before, during, and after they appear. ...view middle of the document...

The most common transmission methods of Hepatitis C is through shared needles, accidental needle sticks, a baby being born to a mother with Hepatitis C, etc. The least likely routes of transmission are through sex, tattoos or piercings, or the sharing of items for personal needs, for example, razors, toothbrush, etc. The public should always be on the look out for signs and symptoms of Hepatitis C. The problem is that roughly 70% -80% of people with acute Hepatitis C don’t show symptoms. Those who do may exhibit: fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements and jaundice (a yellow discoloration of the skin related to increased bilirubin in the bloodstream). Knowledge of these signs and symptoms can get a person immediate attention for treatment. Hepatitis can also be found in people who abuse alcohol and get cirrhosis of the liver.
Alcohol is a common product in the world that is enjoyed by many. Although, abuse of alcohol is equally as common and can lead to many liver problems like inflammation (hepatitis) and fat deposits in the liver lead to scarring (cirrhosis). Alcohol abuse can lead to swelling of the liver, also known as Alcoholic Hepatitis. This is a form of non viral hepatitis, unlike Hepatitis C, it is caused by consumption of alcohol over the course of many years. Consumption of alcohol damages the liver as it is being metabolized through the bloodstream. It can cause damage to the soft tissue of the organ that will be replaced with a hard scar tissue. This scar tissue replaces healthy tissue and inhibits the ability of the liver to function correctly. Once the scarring becomes serious, it is known as Cirrhosis and shows a subsequent level of liver disease. Complications of cirrhosis can be a build up of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), esophageal varices, hypertension, renal cancer and an enlarged spleen. A lack of intervention can lead to liver failure and need a liver transplant. Similar problems of alcoholic livers can also be found in people who do not drink.
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis or NASH, sadly enough, does not have one specific test for diagnosis. The doctor needs to put...

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