Fascism is one of the great political ideology in the 20th century. It is a kind of authoritarian government that, according to Wikipedia, “considers the individual subordinate to the interests of the state, party or society as a whole.” Two of the most successful and to be in the vanguard of fascism government is Italian fascism – led by Benito Mussolini, and Nazi Germany – led by Adolf Hitler. Fascism in Italy and Germany, though in many regards very similar - have the same political ideologies, still have many aspects to them that make them different from each other.
Before analysing the similarities and differences between the fascism that emerged in Italy and Germany since the very first of 20th century, it is better to discover - what is fascism. Actually, there is no clearly define about what is fascism, but it could be considered as militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to the leader. It based on the principles of Authoritarianism – government tried to organize and control with strong discipline as much as possible in people's lives. About political, fascism is kind of extreme nationalism with only one-party state, which means no way for democracy to exist. About economic, government claimed to control all the industrialists by putting all the economic activities under the corporate state. Society under fascism was encouraged by the military, industrialists, and middle class. About culture, to keep people under control, they threatened, censored them to have to support only Fascism policies. All above is some representative characters of fascism.
One obvious difference is the very first intention – Hitler's Nazi wanted to avenge what the world done to them after the World War I, he wished Germany to gained the hegemony all over Europe. While Mussolini's fascism just wanted to reconstructed Roman Empire, build up the
southern part from agriculture to industrial as the northern part of Italy. Other areas of differences between Germany and Italy involve their people. Hitler had people's support till the end, while Mussolini gradually lost people's faith. After the World War I, Germany and Italy were in the same period of difficulty. Germany was considered to be the nation that made the war break out. Because of this reason, they had to pay massive reparations to some countries, that harmed their economy so much, and also embarrassed the German people. This pushed up Hitler to implement his ideas of new political policies called Nazism. Main points of this policy was to demanded more land, expand anti-semitism, and to make Germany become a super nation. Hitler used political propaganda to fuel their cause against the enemy. One of propaganda's methods was the radio. That is kind of demagogism, the people knew nothing about the truth, but lies. Hitler's Nazi were also against the Jews, use them as scapegoat. Jews were cheated extremely rude. About economic, Hitler's Nazi could help their...