This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Italian Rennaissance And Reformation Era Study Notes

2326 words - 9 pages

Rennaissance and ReformationSection 1-The Italian Rennaissance- Italy was not a unified country until the 1860's. At the beginning of the Renaissance, it consisted of about 250 separate states, most of which were ruled by a city. Some cities had only 5,000 to 10,000 people.- Others were among the largest cities in Europe. For example, Florence, Milan, and Venice had at least 100,000 people each in the early 1300's.- At the dawn of the Renaissance, much of Italy was supposedly controlled by the Holy Roman Empire.- However, the emperors lived in Germany and had little power over their Italian lands. The popes ruled central Italy, including the city of Rome, but were unable to extend political control to the rest of Italy.- No central authority was thus established in Italy to unify all the states.- During the mid-1300's and early 1400's, a number of major Italian cities came under the control of one family.- For example, the Visconti family governed Milan from the early 1300's until 1447, when the last male member died. Soon after, the Sforza family took control of Milan and governed the city until the late 1400's. Other ruling families in Italy included the Este family in Ferrara, the Gonzaga family in Mantua, and the Montefeltro family in Urbino.- The form of government established by the ruling families of the Italian cities was called the signoria, and the chief official was known as the signore. All power was concentrated in the signore and his friends and relatives.- An elaborate court slowly grew up around each signorial government. At the court, the area's leading artists, intellectuals, and politicians gathered under the sponsorship of the signore.- Other Italian cities had a form of government known as republicanism. In republican cities, a ruling class controlled the government.- Members of the ruling class considered themselves superior to the other residents of the city. The most important examples of republican government were in Florence and Venice.- In the republican government of Florence, about 800 of the city's wealthiest families made up the ruling class.- The members of these Florentine families intermarried and lived in large, beautiful palaces built by Renaissance architects.- They paid for the construction of great religious and civic buildings and impressive monuments throughout Florence. They also supported artists and intellectuals. In addition, the ruling class encouraged the study of ancient Greek and Roman authors in the desire to have their society resemble the cultures of classical antiquity.- By the 1430's, the Medici family dominated the ruling class of Florence.- The family controlled the largest bank in Europe and was headed by a series of talented and ambitious men. Under Medici domination, the government of Florence resembled a signorial government.- About 180 families controlled the republican government of Venice. All government leaders came from these families.- A law passed in 1297 restricted membership in...

Find Another Essay On Italian Rennaissance and Reformation Era Study Notes

"Brave New World" and "Blade Runner" Comparative Study Notes

1582 words - 6 pages Comparative study of text and contextPart one: central London 632AF"A squat grey building of only thirty-four storeys. Over the main entrance the words CENTRAL LONDON HATCHERY AND CONDITIONING CENTRE, and in a shield, the worlds state motto, COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY."(p1)Our first opinion of such words, 'community', 'identity' and 'stability', all represent ideals of such a new world in which many of us would like to inhibit. As the novel

A Comparative Case Study on the DP hypothesis and Proper Names Parameter in Italian and Hijazi Dialect of Arabic

1973 words - 8 pages 1. Introduction This squib is a comparative study on the DP hypothesis and proper names parameter in Italian and Hijazi dialect of Arabic. The Hijazi dialect of Arabic is the speech of around 6,000,000 people spoken in the West Coast of Saudi Arabia mainly in the large cities of Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Yanbu, and some inhabitants of Al-Taif (Ethnolougue, 2013). Following Longobardi’s (1994) principles for the DP structure in Romance languages

Study notes on Western influence and pressure in the history of China and Japan in the 19th and 20th Century

850 words - 3 pages in Hawaii and later lived in various countries.* Radical (maybe too much so) ideas. T'ung Meng Hui Principles were nationalism, democracy and People's livelihood. Wanted new concept of Republic.* Army modeled after Western strength, but under opposition. Not govt.* Many more went to study overseas under Ch'ing educational reforms.May 4th Movt. 1915 - 1924. Chen T'u Hsiu, Lu Hsun and Hu Shih* Total denouncement and critique of Chinese culture and

Romeo and Juliet - Study Notes

1544 words - 6 pages NOTES : * indicates personal opinion.Romeo and JulietPrologueThe prologue is written in the form of a sonnet. A sonnet is a 14 line lyric poem with an iambic pentameter rhythm and a set rhyme scheme.RhymeThe rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet divides the poem into 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet. The thought of the poem follows this division.Quatrain 1dignity - Ascene - Bmutiny - Aunclean - AQuatrain 2foes - Clife - Dover throw - Cstrife

Gertrude and Claudius - study notes

925 words - 4 pages ma be enough to win the queen by 'witchcraft of his wit' but not enough to fool Hamlet who notes that 'one can smile and smile and be a villain'. Hamlet scarcely ever speaks to him without an insult and to do right by Claudius, he never shows resentment.The first we see of Claudius shows us a man who has committed an evil deed and has reaped the ill-deserved fruits of his mischief, and now is confident looking forward to a happy life. He believes

"Imperialism, Alliances, and War" - Study Notes

844 words - 3 pages After 1870, Europe extended its power over ten million square miles and one hundred fifty million people - about one-fifth of the world's land area and one-tenth of its population. Since the motives for the New Imperialism was economic, European attitudes toward imperialism was hanged. Previous imperialism seized land and settled it with the conqueror's people or established raiding centers to exploit the resources of the dominated area. However

Fluid and Electrolytes made easy study notes

1952 words - 8 pages Fluid and ElectrolytesHomeostasist State of equilibrium in internal environment of body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survivalt Body fluids and electrolytes play an important roleWater Content of the Bodyt Accounts for 60% of body weight in adultt 70-80% of body weight in infantt Varies with gender, body mass, and ageCompartmentst Intracellular fluid (ICF)t Extracellular fluid (ECF)l Intravascular (plasma)l


1953 words - 8 pages Information technology-Refers to the electronic hardware and software used to process informationLAN-Local area networks-Allows computers to communicate information and share resourcesOrganizations-Use information technology to reduce time, save money, increase output and more money-Example, Banking has changed with the use of plastic cards, ATMS and EFTPOS.System-Is a collection of parts that work together to achieve a purposeInformation System

Study Notes on Hitler and the Holocaust

878 words - 4 pages after the fire, Hitler received the Reichstag Fire Decree from President Hindenburg which suspended most civil liberties in Germany.Propaganda is a message from someone with power, trying to influence people, by misleading them or only providing partial information. Hitler admitted to using propaganda in the favour of racism and communism.Deportation usually means getting expelled from a country, particularly foreigners.All notes gotten from ""

Enthalpy and Potential Energy - Study Notes

643 words - 3 pages Experiment #1waterpipeinitial temperature25°C100°Cfinal temperature28.7°C 28.7°CΔT3.7°C-71.3°Cmass125 g60gΔT = Tfinal – Tinitialhave two unknowns for the pipe → specific heat (c) and q-use water to calculate itqw = mwcwΔTwqw = (125 g) (4.14 J/g*°C)(3.7°C)qw = 1900 Jq is positive when energy is absorbedamount of energy absorbed is equal to the amount of energy releasedqwater

New England: Family and Dissension - Study Notes

686 words - 3 pages 1.How did Indians and Puritans turn the land into commodities?-Indians were hunting beavers for beaver pelts-in order to trade with the Europeans-Europeans cutting down trees-trading with English-turned their environment into commodities → led to its depletion2.Why did Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson challenge the Puritan orthodoxy?-Williams --> wanted to spread his own beliefs-separatist --> break from England (convinced that England

Similar Essays

Italian Renissance And The Reformation Essay

1422 words - 6 pages The renaissance and the reformation are the beginning of the golden age of Europe. Many economic, religious, and cultural changes occurred during this time period. The economic and cultural rise of Italian city-states, the recentralization of government in northern Europe, and the separation of the Roman Catholic Church into different Catholic and Protestant groups were important achievements for Europe during this time. The renaissance and the

Italian Renissance And The Reformation Essay

1416 words - 6 pages ensured that the worldliness of the Renaissance Church never disrupted their order. The Renaissance brought in new conceptions of life and the world; many of these ideas are either still used or have been refined and applied to society today. Both the Renaissance and Reformation have helped shape our world; they reformed education, restored the broken unity of history, aided the development of literature, backed the scientific revolution, as well as giving an impulse to much needed religious reforms. You could say it started a new era for humans.

Italian Renissance And The Reformation Essay

924 words - 4 pages current mindset came up. Was religion truly that important? Why should they hold themselves back from their potential? These questions led to the Renaissance. Humanism, the emphasis on individual achievement, got the Renaissance rolling. In wealthy Italian city-states, the nobles that led the area studied liberal arts such as mathematics, rather than theology, a subject that was heavily emphasized during the Middle Ages. Classic Greek and

Study Skills: Strategies For Taking Notes And For Learning Content

807 words - 4 pages know.” In high school a Chemistry teacher would tell her students to fold their papers ¼ the hot dog way, on one side they would write their notes and on the smaller side they would write the questions they have. She believed this would help her students study well if they searched for the answers to the questions they wrote. There are several ways to take notes. The studier can take notes the plain way, just write it all down. The studier can make