Italy During 1861 1870 Essay

769 words - 3 pages

Italy During 1861-1870

There are a number of issues that must be encompassed into a study
when asking how united Italy was, the most obvious asking whether it
was geographically unified, but then it is also necessary to look
deeper into the matter, and it is required to consider other issues
about unification. The other main concerns, which we must consider,
are more subtle, such as unity in the form of culture, economy, and
politics, and these issues will be discussed in this essay.
Assimilated

Firstly, geographically, Italy was not unified as one nation at the
time of it becoming the 'Kingdom of Italy' in 1861. The states of
Venetia and the Papal States were not even part of the Kingdom yet,
and although these were not particularly large areas, the Papal States
were very important because they were the home of the Catholic
religion, the religion that most Italians were part of. It was not
until 1866 that Venetia joined the Italian Kingdom due to the Seven
Weeks' War between Austria and, Prussia and Italy. It took even longer
for the Papal States and, most importantly, Rome to become part of the
Kingdom. On the 20th September 1870, Italian troops finally marched
into Rome and the nation was complete. We cannot say that Italy was
unified completely before this time because the majority of Italians
and even the King saw Rome as their true capital city, and so did not
see the country as united before this date.

Nevertheless, geographical unification is not the only sign of
unification, there are other features of a united country, even if it
is not physically united. Were any of the features of a united country
present? Certainly, the same legal system was quickly introduced
throughout the states, excluding Tuscany, which was integrated into
the same system in 1866. It was forced upon all of the states,
however, with hindsight, we can see that it was probably only a
suitable system in the...

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