Italy During 1861 1870 Essay

769 words - 3 pages

Italy During 1861-1870

There are a number of issues that must be encompassed into a study
when asking how united Italy was, the most obvious asking whether it
was geographically unified, but then it is also necessary to look
deeper into the matter, and it is required to consider other issues
about unification. The other main concerns, which we must consider,
are more subtle, such as unity in the form of culture, economy, and
politics, and these issues will be discussed in this essay.

Firstly, geographically, Italy was not unified as one nation at the
time of it becoming the 'Kingdom of Italy' in 1861. The states of
Venetia and the Papal States were not even part of the Kingdom yet,
and although these were not particularly large areas, the Papal States
were very important because they were the home of the Catholic
religion, the religion that most Italians were part of. It was not
until 1866 that Venetia joined the Italian Kingdom due to the Seven
Weeks' War between Austria and, Prussia and Italy. It took even longer
for the Papal States and, most importantly, Rome to become part of the
Kingdom. On the 20th September 1870, Italian troops finally marched
into Rome and the nation was complete. We cannot say that Italy was
unified completely before this time because the majority of Italians
and even the King saw Rome as their true capital city, and so did not
see the country as united before this date.

Nevertheless, geographical unification is not the only sign of
unification, there are other features of a united country, even if it
is not physically united. Were any of the features of a united country
present? Certainly, the same legal system was quickly introduced
throughout the states, excluding Tuscany, which was integrated into
the same system in 1866. It was forced upon all of the states,
however, with hindsight, we can see that it was probably only a
suitable system in the...

Find Another Essay On Italy During 1861-1870

about italian unification :) Essay

566 words - 2 pages Italian teacher despite it being safe for him to return to Italy. In 1961 a miracle happened - a united state of Italy came into being & by 1870 its boundaries were more or less those of modern Italy. How this miracle came about can be understood by studying the contributions made by Cavour towards a united Italy. Cavour was Prime Minister of Piedmont by October 1852 and he wanted to expand the influence of Piedmont by removing the Austrians

Italian Unification Essay

2943 words - 12 pages language and history due to the Roman Empire and many Italians still had memories of the ancient unity and glory which they once enjoyed. There were also nationalistic and liberal feelings which rose when Napoleon unified Italy under his rule. Carbonari This was one of the most influential revolutionary groups during the Risorgimento. It was formed in the southern Italy in the 19th Century. It was inspired by the

Nationalism in Europe

1194 words - 5 pages Rome, which would eventually be taken too during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. "O noble Thousand!…I love to remember you!…" (Doc. 3) were the words of Giuseppe Garibaldi when addressing his troops and praising them for the fantastic efforts they put forth to unite Italy. At the same time however, Garibaldi also proves to the citizens of Italy how the only way to be a true nationalist is to act upon your beliefs rather than speak them

Biography of Samuel Langhorne Clemens aka Mark Twain

1169 words - 5 pages Confederate Army in June of 1861 and served for several weeks before his volunteer unit disbanded and Samuel Clemens headed out to the great American West. In 1861, Samuel Clemens is going to live in California and Nevada for the next five years so in September 1861, Samuel had worked as a reporter for the, “Virginia City Territorial Enterprise.” In February of 1870, Samuel L. Clemens had married Olivia (Livy) Langdon, the daughter of a rich New York coal

Analyzing the unification of Italy and Germany

1932 words - 8 pages of Marches and Umbria, Italy was becoming a unified country."On March 17, 1861, an all-Italian parliament proclaimed the Kingdom of Italy, with Victor Emmanuel as the first king and Cavour as the first prime minister." However, Italy was still missing Rome, because it was in papal possession and it was also missing Venetia, because it was under the

Nationalism and War

1446 words - 6 pages rule. Garibaldi successfully drove out the French from Naples and Sicily, consequently leading The Kingdom of Two Sicilies to be liberated by Garibaldi from the French Bourbon King. Italy allied with Prussia during the Prussia and Austria war, and was rewarded with the acquisition of Venice. Afterwards, France left Rome during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870, leaving

Causes of the Great War

1269 words - 5 pages preserving the peace. Germany and Italy were left as divided states, but strong nationalist movements and revolutions led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in 1871. Another result of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 was that France was left seething over the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, and Revanche was a major goal of the French. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many

United States in the Years 1860-1870

550 words - 2 pages United States in the Years 1860-1870 The United States between the years 1860-1870 was in turmoil, but from a historical point of view, this decade is one of the most exciting times in U.S. history. In 1861 there were still fifteen slave states, seven states open to slavery by the Dred Scott Decision and only eighteen free states in the north (Ferrell Atlas). This was a time of growth and change in the U.S. For example in 1867 the U.S

When in Rome or All of Italy

1412 words - 6 pages innovations were popular during this time period, which gave rise to a number of famous artists like Leonardo, Da Vinci and Michelangelo (A Brief History Of Italy: Italian History Highlights). After the Renaissance came to a close, foreign rule followed once again until the Unification in 1861 with the help of movement leaders Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi (A Brief History Of Italy: Italian History Highlights). After the unification

Was nationalistic fervour ultimately responsible for the outbreak of the First World War?

1058 words - 4 pages they wanted to be the richest and most important country - and recognised as such". Nationalism often created tension among the nations of Europe. For example, at the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favour of preserving the peace. Germany and Italy were left as divided states, but, subsequently, strong nationalist movements and revolutions led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and

In What Major Respects Had Europe Changed By 1971 From The Situation I

2226 words - 9 pages powers, and this alarmed France, which for centuries had tried to keep it divided and weak (during the Napoleon’s wars, the Confederation was considered a buffer state between France and the rest of Europe). Napoleon, in 1870, declared war to Prussia. The French army was defeat by a well organized Prussian army, while Bismarck worked to obtain the consent of other princes of the Confederation for a unite Germany. At Versailles on 18th of January

Similar Essays

Italy's Foreign Relations Essay

2305 words - 10 pages 1,000 Italian citizens reside in India, mostly working on behalf of Italian industrial groups. The first contact between Italy and Mexico was in 1869, just before the end of Italian unification in 1870; when Italy expressed its desire to open a consulate in Mexico. A consulate was opened in Mexico in 1872, however, diplomatic relations between the two nations were not established until 1874. During World War I, Mexico remained neutral because

This Paper Clearly Explains The Causes Of World War I

631 words - 3 pages unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in 1871. Another result of the France Prussian War of 1870-1871 was that France was left seething over the loss of Alsace- Lorraine to Germany, and Revanche was a major goal of the French. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups. The ardent Pan Slavism Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic brother conflict with Austria

Describe The Process Of Italian Unification In The 19th Century

1899 words - 8 pages established in 1861 with Victor Emmanuel as its king. The Italian kingdom was missing Rome, which was still a papal possession, and Venice, which was controlled by the Austrians.Venice was added to Italy in 1866 after Prussia defeated Austria in the Seven Weeks' War, in which Italy sided with Prussia; Venice was its reward. Then, in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War, Napoleon III withdrew his troops from Rome. With the city of Rome and the

Italian Unification Essay

2545 words - 10 pages , however, the Austrian monarchs controlling the north of Italy beat him down into submission. The organization that Mazzini had given to the people of Italy began to fall apart. That was until Giuseppe Garibaldi, a former part of Mazzini’s Young Italy, emerged to carry on the torch of unification. Giuseppe Garibaldi was born in Nice on July 4, 1807. His father was a fisherman and piloted trading vessels along the Mediterranean coast. During