This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Italy Post World War I And The Political, Social, Economic Structure.

1600 words - 6 pages

Jonathan ThenHistory 1000CEssay 3 (Midterm)Italy After World War I show how each of the following led to the rise of a dictatorship:a.Economic conditionsb.Weakness of parliamentary governmentc.Lack of democratic foundationd.Fear of communisme.Strong leadershipGiolitti's resignation in March 1914 a new government was formed by the more conservative Antonio Salandra. In June came "Red Week," a period of widespread rioting throughout Romagna and the Marche, which was precipitated by the killing of three antimilitarist demonstrators at Ancona. When World War I broke out in August, the Salandra government stayed neutral and began to negotiate with both sides?a policy described by Foreign Minister Sidney Sonnino as "sacred egoism." The Austrians eventually agreed to grant Trentino to Italy, but the Entente (France, Britain, and Russia) made a more generous offer, promising Italy not only Trentino but also South Tyrol, Trieste, Gorizia, Istria, and northern Dalmatia. The Italians accepted this offer at the secret Treaty of London (April 1915) and joined the war against Austria-Hungary a month later, hoping for major territorial gains.The negotiations, conducted by the foreign and prime ministers and a handful of diplomats, had been kept secret. The majority of deputies, meanwhile, favored neutrality, as did former Prime Minister Giolitti, the major opposition groups (Catholics and Socialists), and most of the population. War, therefore, was supported only by the conservatives in government, by the Nationalist Association, a group formed in 1910 by Enrico Corradini and others to support Italian expansionism, by some Liberals who saw it as the culmination of the Risorgimento's fight for national unity, by Republicans and reformist Socialists who knew nothing of the Treaty of London and thought they were fighting for national liberation, and by some syndicalists and extremist Socialists?including Benito Mussolini, editor of the Socialist Party newspaper?who thought the war would bring about the overthrow of capitalism. Mussolini was soon expelled from the Socialist Party, but with help from the Entente he managed to found his own alternative, pro-war newspaper, Il popolo d'Italia. In April?May 1915 the government, helped by noisy demonstrations by pro-war activists, pushed through its war policy despite the opposition of the majority in Parliament and in the country. Neither Giolitti nor any other "neutralist" could form a government without renouncing the Treaty of London, betraying Italy's new allies, and compromising the king.In June 1916, after a series of military failures, the Salandra government resigned. The new prime minister was Paolo Boselli, who in turn resigned after a military disaster at Caporetto in October 1917, which enabled the Austrians to occupy much of the Veneto in 1917?18. The war was deeply unpopular both among the troops?mostly conscript peasants, who were undernourished and fighting for a cause few could understand?and among the...

Find Another Essay On Italy Post-world war I and the political, social, economic structure.

Economic Policies in the Interwar Period and the Post-World War Two Period

1878 words - 8 pages (Frieden, 248). The reduction of trade barriers not only helped stabilize national growth, but also allowed the countries to improve equitable distribution of the growth by facilitating lower consumer prices for workers and increased sales for businesses. The post-World War II period illustrated very different economic and socio-political policies from the interwar period. Whereas the interwar period focused on independent economic policies for

Social, Economic and Political Factors Involved in the Spanish Civil War

981 words - 4 pages Social, Economic and Political Factors Involved in the Spanish Civil War With reference to any civil war in the 20th century examine the social, economic and political background to the divisions in the society involved. To what extent were the problems which caused the war resolved in the post-war period? The state of Spain during the early years of the 20th century can be said to have been a state of great "unease

World War 1, 1920, a decade of great recklessness in Social Political, and economic areas of life

1102 words - 4 pages The 1920's have been referred to as a 'Reckless Year'. F. Scott Fitzgerald showed through his writing that the 1920's was all about Prohibition, Speak-Easies, new Automobiles, victory abroad, popular fads, and new wealth. That about sums it up; a decade of great recklessness in Social, Political, and economic areas of life.Prohibition (1920-1933) was a great experiment called on by a religious, fundamentalist segment of the society. This forbade

Spanish Social and Political Structure

1080 words - 4 pages Spanish Social and Political Structure Hispanic Literature The Spain that was intact during the explorations to the New World (specifically that of Christopher Columbus in 1492) was a Spain vastly different from what it had been a mere couple of decades pre-exploration. This "new" Spain is actualized by the union of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469. Before the marriage of the two major kingdoms of Spain (Aragon

Japanese Economic Developent Post World War II

2312 words - 9 pages the country’s focus from world militaristic domination to world economic domination. The country established free trade, manufactured goods, and improved and invented technology, making themselves one of the largest economic superpowers in the world.      World War II exploded across Europe and the rest of the world in 1939. Germany and Japan had united to take over Europe, Russia, and the Pacific islands. The focus of the

Post World War I: Looking for Hope

538 words - 2 pages The age of anxiety was the period between the first world war and the second world war. This was a time when people were uneasy and looking for some kind of identity for themselves. Additionally, the loss of human faith and reason led to a new interest in religion. People wanted to know exactly why was the first world war fought? After the first world war, modern philosophy looked farther into that question by stating that, all humans were bad

The Affect of Revolutionary Political Ideas and Conditions on Modern World History from World War I to the 1970s

1724 words - 7 pages Modern World HistoryExamQuestion: Why and how did revolutionary political conditions exercise such a powerful influence over world history in the period from roughly World War I until the early 1970s?Throughout history, revolutions have shaped countries into their present forms. As the world became more interconnected, these changes have affected all countries not just those that were changed through rebellion. Revolution is a very powerful

Industrial Revolution and the Political, Social, and Economic Changes

1002 words - 4 pages Untitled During the nineteenth century, the Industrial Revolution made a significant political, economical, and social change throughout Western Europe. The Industrial Revolution was brought on, partly, due to the English civil war. During the Industrial Revolution, England experienced major advances in transportation, agriculture, and manufacturing, which spread throughout Europe. By the 1830s most European countries started railroad

The Social, Economic and Political Differences Between Catholics and Protestants

3788 words - 15 pages The Social, Economic and Political Differences Between Catholics and Protestants Protestant politicians tried to explain the differences between Catholics and Protestants in terms of political, religious and cultural differences. Politicians like Ian Paisley had very extreme views on why these differences existed. Whilst others, like Terence O’Neill, who was a Protestant, were willing to improve things for the Catholics

The Economic, Political, and Social Effects of the Black Death

1265 words - 5 pages East Asia to as far west as Greenland were catastrophic. All facets of society, from peasant to king were affected; no one was safe. All of society was affected; nothing would ever be the same. Thus, there were many economic, social, and political effects of the Black Death.Before one can understand the effects of the Black Death, one must understand precisely what is and what it did. The Black Death was the common name for what is now known today

Political, Social, and Economic Causes of the American Revolution

1428 words - 6 pages this country was founded, nor to mar the character of those Founding Fathers, but rather to illustrate some of the political, social, and especially economical constraints of the American colonies that surrounded the events leading to the signing of the Declaration.      The Founding Fathers were also business men, and their revolutionary attitude wavered with economic irregularity. The series of taxation acts Parliament

Similar Essays

Study The Rise Of Condottieri Warfare In Italy. What Political And Economic Factors Led To The Employment Of Condottieri?

856 words - 4 pages Study the rise of condottieri warfare in Italy. What political and economic factors led to the employment of condottieri? Describe their tactical organization, weapons and tactics.Although Italy was not immune to the mercenary-phenomenon that was spreading fast throughout Western Europe, the for-hire professional soldier did not consume the Italian armies until approximately 1320-30. Italy was absorbed with the current Renaissance, and therefore

The Impact Of World War One On The Homefront Social, Political And Economic Impacts

1561 words - 6 pages The First World War impacted significantly on the homefronts of the participating nations in many different social, political and economic areas. There was a widespread restructuring of primary industry with a large orientation towards militarism. There was massive political change where new systems of power were introduced that gave governments a range of new powers including the control over industry. The civilian population had severe

Social, Economical, And Political Effects Of World War I

1976 words - 8 pages "Everywhere in the world was heard the sound of thingsbreaking." Advanced European societies could not support long wars orso many thought prior to World War I. They were right in a way. Thesocieties could not support a long war unchanged. The First World Warleft no aspect of European civilization untouched as pre-wargovernments were transformed to fight total war. The war metamorphedEurope socially, politicaly, economically, and

European Economic And Social Outcomes Of World War I

1157 words - 5 pages which they had to disregard after the war ended. Here, the extent of how positive is not as great as how it is understood to be. World War I was by no means the catalyst but was more the driving force that started it. World War I affected European economy and European society significantly. Major economic and social outcomes post-war was influenced by the reparations that the Treaty of Versailles demanded. War, economy and society are all