Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a liberal democracy. As a member of G-8 it is one of the most industrialized nations in the world and holds a very important position in reference to the world economy.
Territorially Canada was not always the same. It went through changes to evolve in the form it is today. The Canada of today was earlier in the form of various British colonies. The region was not united and they joined hand with the passage of time. The history of Canada can be divided roughly into two factions: the pre confederation period and the confederation period.
The pre-confederation period is the period prior to the unification of Canada. Before the advent of Europeans, Canada had no single unified government or administration. The only kind of politics was the treaties signed among the regions or tribes. At the same time, the local leaders or head of the tribes were the only form of government known to the people. Canada turned into a series of colonies with the arrival of the Europeans. Various regions were colonized by different nations of Europe like Britain, France and even Spain. All the colonies which form Canada were once a part of New France. The British acquired those colonies by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 and by the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
The Canada, as we know today, took its shape in 1867 with the signing of the British North America Act. This Act created a single unified administration for the whole region. The regional interests were given ample attention so that disruptions are kept at bay. This unification of various provinces is the stage of confederation. Initially only four provinces joined the confederation, namely Nova Scotia, New Bruswick, Ontario and Quebec. They joined the confederation on 1st July 1867, the day on which the British North America Act was signed. Other provinces subsequently joined the confederation. The date of joining of all the provinces is displayed below.
PROVINCES Date of entering CONFEDERATION
Ontario July 1, 1867
Quebec July 1, 1867
Nova Scotia July 1, 1867
New Bruswick July 1, 1867
Manitoba July 15, 1870
British Columbia July 20, 1871
Prince Edward Island July 1, 1873
Saskatchewan September 1, 1905
Alberta September 1, 1905
Newfoundland and Labrador March 31, 1949
There were two levels of government, one at the...