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Ivory Coast Essay

723 words - 3 pages

Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire is a country in West Africa, member of the African Union. It has an area of 124,503 sq mi. The country population was 23,202,000 in 2012. Ivory Coast political and administrative capital is Yamoussoukro (Abidjan remains the commercial capital). The official language is French and the currency is CFA franc. The country is part of ECOWAS.
The economy, mainly focused on the production of coffee and cocoa, known during the first two decades an exceptional growth, making the Ivory Coast a leading country in West Africa. In 1990, the country faced periods of social and political turbulence. These problems experienced an exacerbation in the death of Félix Houphouët-Boigny (first President) in 1993. The adoption of a new Constitution and organization of the presidential election in 2000 that brought to power Laurent Gbagbo did not appease the social and political tensions, which trigger a political and military crisis the September 19, 2002. After several peace agreements, the country engage itself on March 4, 2007, in a new process of crisis based on a political agreement in Ouagadougou
The 2011 report of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), said that in Ivory Coast, the multidimensional poverty index is 61.5%. On the Human Development Index (HDI), the country ranks 170th out of 183.
On an estimated population of 20 million in 2008, nearly 13 million people are poor! Their daily consumption expenditure is less than 661 CFA (1.36 dollar)! Over the year, these expenses do not exceed 241 145 F CFA (about 497 dollars)! The information contained in the Document Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) in 2009 indicated that on two Ivoirians one live below the poverty line. These figures are changing.
So the questions are why poverty is increasing in this country? What are the characteristics of this poverty? And, what are the measures taken by the government, international actors and NGOs in the fight against poverty in the country?

After two decades of uninterrupted growth, the economy of Ivory Coast, from the 1980s, known for more than ten years a severe economic crisis characterized by slower economic growth and the emergence of serious macroeconomic imbalances that...

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