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J.R.R Tolkien And The Fellowship Of The Ring

1386 words - 6 pages

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, better known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born on January third 1892 in Bloemfontein South Africa and was the son of Arthur and Mabel Suffield Tolkien. After his father's death in 1896 Tolkien's mother moved herself and her two children, J.R.R (at the time called Ronald) and his younger brother Hilary to Sarehole near Birmingham. When Tolkien was twelve his mother died and he and his brother were sent to live with one of their relatives when a Catholic priest became their legal guardian. (biography.com J.R.R. Tolkien Linguist and Author) At the onset of World War 1 Tolkien did not immediately rush to join the war. He instead remained at Oxford and received his degree in 1915. During the time leading up to his entrance into the war Tolkien continued his attempts at poetry and also worked on his created languages. Tolkien eventually enlisted. When Tolkien was joined he was at the rank of Second Lieutenant and was subsequently stationed at Staffordshire England where he eventually married Edith Bratt in the town of Warwick in 1916. Shortly after their marriage Tolkien was deployed to the western front in France. During Tolkien's time in France he was involved in the Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest battles of the war with over a million casualties total. (Harris) After the Battle of the Somme Tolkien developed Trench Fever and was sent home to recover. During this time the majority of his close colleagues were killed in the war. During the following couple of years Tolkien began writing more and more and the stories he wrote in this time period would later be published as part of the Book of Lost Tales where he told many of the most important stories of the Silmarillion for the first time and began to introduce the elves and the deep elves along with their respective languages. Between 1917 and 1918 Tolkien fell ill to Trench Fever several more times but was generally well and able to contribute to the war effort on the Home front. At the end of the war Tolkien became the Assistant Lexicographer of the Oxford New English Dictionary. In 1920 Tolkien was appointed to the position of Associate Professor in English Language at the University of Leeds. At the university Tolkien cooperated with E.V. Gordon to publish the Songs for the Philologists. Tolkien in 1937 published The Hobbit and in 1954 published what would be his most famous works, The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien's wife died in 1971 and himself died two years later in 1973 at the age of 81 and had four children. (Doughan).had many influences on his writing one among these is the literature of the old Norse. (Clair) This influence is visible in almost all aspects of the stories that Tolkien tells of Middle- Earth. The Hobbits, for example, are Tolkien's unique contribution to the world of Middle Earth. However the Hobbits are clearly based off of the Icelanders in the Njal's Saga. (Clair) There are many similarities between these two groups of...

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