John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, also known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa in 1892. He was an English both fiction and nonfiction author who created the amazing works of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Along with his brother, he was an orphan since he was 13 years old. They traveled from home to home for 6 years until Tolkien gained entrance to Exeter College, Oxford. He worked there as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and later married his longtime sweetheart Edith Bratt. Tolkien joined the military during World War I, fell very ill with trench fever and recovered back in England where he wrote his most popular works. He later became a professor at Oxford in 1945 and retired after 14 years. His wife died two years before he passed in Bournemouth, England in 1973 at 81 years old. While The Hobbit and The Silmarillion were both popular and important in their own way, neither matched the groundbreaking storyline and importance of The Lord of the Rings trilogy.
After the start of World War I, Tolkien joined “the Lancashire Fusiliers a British infantry regiment assigned to the Western front” (Tolkien 3). During his time in the military, he saw enough heartbreaking and mind boggling scenes for a lifetime. “He later explained in a letter to his son, Christopher, that many of the early writings about Middle-earth were composed ‘in grimy canteens, at lectures in cold fogs, in huts full of blasphemy and smut, or by candle lights in bell tents, even some down in dugouts under shell fire.’” (Baker 5). This work was the starting grounds for the very difficult read The Silmarillion. The Book of Lost Tales were the groundbreaking in-depth story and history of Tolkien’s invented world, Middle Earth. Some call this book the bible of Middle Earth seeing as it dates back to when Arda was created. Arda is the name for the earth that has the continent where all Tolkien’s stories come from: Middle Earth.
Tolkien, “using his knowledge of linguistic laws, he created his own languages with logical morphological changes” (The Lord of the Rings 78). He made several languages which he inserts into his books, such as one dialect was elvish, for example, one was created from the Finnish language, and another was Welsh. A third language Tolkien created was the dwarfish language, Khuzdûl.
After Tolkien returned from the war, he was a changed man. He was not the kind of man who shut himself out from the world due to the horrors he had seen, but rather pursued his vision of this Middle Earth. Tolkien started writing stories about men, elves, hobbits, dwarves and many other creatures that lived in this fantasy world of his. His mind had so many stories waiting to be written down on paper. His first big release was The Hobbit, a wonderful children's story about a hobbit helping a company of dwarves and a wizard reclaim a mountain that was taken from them by a vicious fire-breather from the North. Later, he decided to...