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J.R.R.Tolkien The Hobbit Essay

2216 words - 9 pages

J.R.R. Tolkien'sThe Hobbitor there and back again"The Hobbit" was J.R.R. Tolkien's first bestseller. It was first published in 1937 by George Allen and Unwin Publishers. It tells the miraculous story of the Hobbit Bilbo Baggins who travels east to steal a treasure from Smaug, a terrible dragon.AuthorJohn Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in South Africa in 1892 to English parents. In 1895, Tolkien, his mother and his younger brother returned to England where he simultaneously developed his academic and creative talents. After serving in World War I, Tolkien gained a post at Oxford University. He specialised in Anglo-Saxon and medieval literature, however, his great passion was philology.His essay of 1936 entitled "Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics" remains a canonical work of West Midlands and Old English critical theory, as does his translation of the medieval poem "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight".His passion for inventing languages resulted in a series of unprecedented mythological writings of fantastic verisimilitude set in the ontology of Middle Earth.His 1917 manuscript "The Book of Lost Tales" established the world for both "The Silmarillion" (1977), posthumously published by his son Christopher, and "The Hobbit" (1937). Ten years later, its sequel entitled "The Lord of the Rings", a profound narrative revealing struggles between good and evil forces, was published in three volumes: "The Fellowship of the Ring" (1954), "The Two Towers" (1954), and "The Return of the King" (1955) were released.Though Tolkien continued to publish a number of scholarly and mythological works, after his retirement from Oxford in 1959, he devoted himself to his work "The Silmarillion". This complex cycle of myths originated from his 1917 manuscript The Book of Lost Tales that he began soon after returning from the War. Its histories, genealogies, languages, and myths establish Middle Earth and the surroundings for the Silmarillion.J. R. R. Tolkien died in 1973 and gave the editing and publication of this final work to his son Christopher.Main CharactersBilbo Baggins: A hobbit, a small men-like creature with big, hairy feet. Hobbits like the comforts of life and tend to enjoy themselves and indulge themselves as often as possible. Bilbo also likes the comfort of an own place and his settled life, no adventure, but enough to eat and a rather large supply of pipe-weed to the trick.Gandalf: An old wizard, who came to visit Hobbiton a lot in the old days, and brought fire-works. But this time he comes with a different errand: He has chosen Bilbo to be the Hobbit to travel to a far away region of Middle-Earth and to, along with the dwarves and himself, recover a treasure. Gandalf too likes a good smoke of pipe-weed and always carries a bag with him for in times of need. Almost everybody in Middle-Earth knows Gandalf, but with the variety of tongues and races his name shifts from people to people.Thorin Oakenshield: Leader of the group of dwarves and the rightful king...

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