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Jack The Ripper Essay

3612 words - 14 pages

Jack the RipperAssignment One: The Law and order in London in the Late Nineteenth century1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century.In 1829 Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary, created a judicatory force named the Metropolitan Police, the organisation that has policed us to the present day. This Metropolitan Police force, known as 'peelers' or 'bobbies' after their founder, replaced the Bow Street Runners, the former Thames River Police Force and the general watchmen and parish constables who had patrolled the streets of many British towns and cities. In this essay I will examine the responsibilities of the police force, the methods of crime control and prevention, the modernisations within the force and the detection and forensic improvements within the force to gain a better understanding of law and order in London in the late nineteenth century...In this paragraph I will highlight the responsibilities of the police force in London and what they had to contend with. Police in London had a variety of uses and acted in different ways, some collected tolls from traders while some inspected tramcars and cabs, some officers duties included school attendance monitoring and bridge inspection. They were commonly used as lifeguards or even to enforce the Poor Law. But the commonest and main duties of the MPF were simply to deal with drunkenness, begging, vagrancy and prostitution. These duties were vastly different to others that were proposed or initiated within the nineteenth century like the proposition in 1837 by the Select Committee stating that the whole City of London should be placed under the control of the Metropolitan Police Force. Constables learnt their trade 'on the job', which was by no means an easy task. Hours of duty could be as long as 14 a day, seven days a week. In the 1870's/80's a London beat during daytime was seven and a half miles on average, it was 2 miles at night. Police officers have also had varying responsibilities in the manner in which they conducted themselves and appeared to the public; some had to wear uniform at all times while others were required to attend church on Sundays or not be seen out with women. They also had to deal with major disturbances, although the ways in which they did this were often considered un-desirable and criticised greatly...The methods of crime control/prevention were assorted. Police commonly used baton charges in order to deal with multiple people, violent methods were often employed and some people were even killed in the conflict, such as PC Culley during a riot. Another example of these methods was the mass unemployed demonstration in Trafalgar Square, 1886. The MPF charged the demonstrators supported by two squadrons of Life Guards and two companies of foot guards. Although crowd control wasn't the only situation in which the Metropolitan Police used perhaps more heavy handed than necessary methods and officers were often attacked, in some cases murdered, in...

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