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Jackfruit Background, History, And Origin Of A Unique Fruit

958 words - 4 pages

Jackfruit Jackfruit, Artocarpus Heterophyllus, is said to originate from the Western Ghats although no one is definite on this. It grows in rain forests and along low-elevations through out India, Burma, Ceylon, Southern China, Malaya, some small parts of Australia and the East Indies. It was introduced into Florida in approximately 1887 but few trees now remain. The jackfruit comes from a very large and bushy tree, which is also used for shade, and can range from 30-70 tall with glossy, green, leathery leaves. The fruit is the largest tree borne fruit and can range from 8 inches to 3 feet in length and 6-20 inches wide. These fruits can weigh anywhere from 10-60 and have been reported up to almost 200 pounds. The fruit is yellowish green in appearance and has numerous cone points on its skin. The fruit is suspected to taste like juicy fruit gum, bananas and nectarines combined. The seeds can vary from ¾ to 1 ½ inches in length and there can be anywhere from 100 to 500 seeds in a single fruit. A milky white latex rubber surrounds all of the seeds. Jackfruit only come in only two varieties but the names very from area to area the basic types are "Khuja" which is green, hard and smooth, with juicy pulp and small seeds and "Ghila" which is rough, soft, has thin pulp, isn't very juicy, and has large seeds. This fruit has very picky growing conditions which are only in tropical or near-tropical climates which require a very hot, humid, and wet weather constantly. The soil this plant needs must be rich, deep soil of medium or open texture. The tree cannot stand wet feet and if the roots touch water it may not bear fruit or may die. The temperature must be a constant 75 degrees or up and must have a humidity of at least 85%. This plant produces its fruit by normaly wind pollination or by human hand. This plant has both male and female parts to it, males' form in oblong clusters on the tree while female clusters are rounded. This fruit is germinated for up to 3-8 weeks if done naturally but can be speed up to germinate in as little as 24 hours if left to soak in water. If this water is a 10% solution of gibberellic acid it results in 100% germination. The plant is than propagated and is nursery cared until there is no less than food leaves. These seedlings are than planted after roots begin to grow more rapid and thicker. This fruit is harvested by hand 3 through 8 months before flowering. The fruits are cut down by hand usually with a machete and than brought on trucks to be driven to market. This tree yields many fruits per year varying from150 to 500 fruit per tree per year depending on the size of the...

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