Jackie Robinson was a great baseball player and an important American. His baseball career started when he played in college for UCLA. He later played in the Negro league for the Kansas City Monarchs. He was among the first professional sports players that were black. He eventually became the first Negro player to start on an integrated professional team. He was made fun of and mistreated by fans, other teams, and sometimes his own teammates. However, he continued to play despite the way he was treated. Because of this, Jackie greatly impacted the sports world.
Jackie was born in 1919 in the city of Cairo, Georgia. He was the youngest of five children. Not long after Jackie was born, his father, Jerry Robinson, left the family. They lived on the Jim Sasser plantation and had racial discrimination. His mother, Mollie, wanted to find a better place to live for her children. In 1920, they moved to Pasadena, California to live with their uncle Burton. Although they moved in, the house was too small for all seven of them. Mollie made minimum wage, but she saved up money, with the help of Burton, to buy a four-bedroom house. Mollie convinced a light-skinned black man to act as if he were buying the house. When the Robinsons moved in, the white residents became furious and threatened to burn them out. Jackie soon made friends, despite all the racial discrimination, and joined the “Pepper street Gang” (United States History).
He graduated from Muir Technical High School and enrolled at Pasadena Junior college. Jackie played football, track and baseball and broke many records. Jackie enrolled in the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). While he was there he played football, basketball, track, and baseball. While he was at UCLA he met a young nursing student, Rachel Isum, whom he would later marry (United States History).
Jackie left UCLA without his degree and was inducted into the U.S. Army during World War II. He was accepted into officer candidate school. He graduated, earning his second lieutenant’s bars in January of 1943. He was assigned to Fort Riley, Kansas. He was transferred to Fort Hood in Texas. Robinson later, in 1944, received an honorable discharge from the Army (United States History).
American baseball developed as a segregated sport, mirroring American society. Like whites, blacks played baseball throughout the 1800’s as baseball rules and teams gradually became formalized. Black amateur teams played by the 1860’s. The first major league, the National League, was formed in 1876 consisting of white teams; and black professional teams began playing in Negro Leagues in the 1880’s (Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson, Drawing the Color Line: 1860's-1890's) (Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson, Barnstorming & the Negro Leagues: 1900's-1930's).
The baseball world that Jackie knew when he was younger consisted of a system of eight white-only teams in the American and National leagues. Blacks played in the Negro...