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Jacksonian Democracy Essay

2364 words - 9 pages

Jacksonian Democracy

The United States of America was founded by its people, for its people in the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness, by attempting to provide freedom and equality. The way of life back when the government set down its foundation was quite different than it is now.
Some things were just considered natural law and were left out of law making and the Constitution because they were morally
accepted as right and wrong. For instance, I highly doubt that the government would have allowed Nazi party privileges to exist under
freedom of speech. The idea of "My rights end where yours begin" states that an individual has freedom until the freedom interferes
with the rights given to another. To create and maintain a quality form of government, one where privileges are not abused and
equality is taken seriously, we must decide how large a role we want the government to play in the maintaining of morals and natural
law. The use of all nine roles of government is needed to maximize the quality of democracy because it promotes the equality of
each individual. (Godwin&Wahlke 15-30) The four minimal roles of the government (protection and order, collective goods and
dilemmas, negative externalities and rights and duties) are generally accepted as a basis of what a government should

provide its people. The government must protect the safety of its people and protect itself from internal revolutions and external
invasions. Also, it attempts to improve the general welfare of its people by resolving collective dilemmas, minimizing negative
externalities and providing collective goods wherever possible. To do this, the government must specify and enforce the rights and
duties of its people. The four roles are obviously needed for control and order within a society and prove to be beneficial to everyone.
(Godwin&Wahlke 23) From there, the government should apply the five additional roles of government. The five roles are: social
justice, economic intervention in the economy, government as a moral force and political socialization. The application of these roles
is necessary to the quality of democracy because they "attempt to increase social justice, improve economic efficiency, encourage
morality and socialize citizens to accept obligations appropriate to their roles in the existing society."(Godwin&Wahlke 23) By
attempting to accomplish these goals, things like discrimination, public opinion and self-interest are discouraged by the promotion of
a common morality. Government as a moral force, in a way, works with social justice in that it sets the foundation of which social
justice attempts to achieve. Standards, set by the people and implied by the government, should

promote and be built around "natural law." Locke's theory of "natural law" produces "natural rights,'' providing the right to life, liberty,
property, and equality before the law. (Godwin&Wahlke 48) These rights encourage an equal chance in life for...

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