This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Jacob Zuma Essay

1668 words - 7 pages

Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma wasborn on April 12, 1942. He is today the President of South Africa – elected by the majority ANC in Parliament after 2009 general election. He is also the President of the African National Congress, which is the governing political party. He served as Deputy President to Thabo Mbeki from 1999-2005. He is also recognized by his initials, JZ, and clan name Msholozi. He became President of ANC on 18 December 2007 when he defeated incumbent Thabo Mbeki. Zuma was a member of South African Communist party and even served on Politburo – the executive decision-making body, in the 1960s. He was charged with rape in 2005 and acquitted. He fought several legal battles for racketeering and corruption charges by the NPA (National Prosecuting Authority). Zuma was born in Nkandla, Zululand, now part of KwaZulu-Natal. He was orphaned at a young age. His father was a policeman, and his mother a domestic worker. Zuma received no formal schooling as a young boy. He spent most of his childhood idly, moving through suburbs in and around Zululand. His childhood was deprived, since he grew up in poverty. He engaged in politics early – joining the ANC in 1959. When the ANC was banned in 1961, he joined the armed wing of the ANC, ‘Umkhonto we Sizwe’, or MK in 1962 - translated into the ‘Spear of the Nation’. He fought against Apartheid with other notable ANC leaders including Nelson Mandela, using guerilla warfare and terrorism. They attacked government installations, which led to the group being classified as terrorist organization by South African and American governments – and subsequently, banned. Mandela and ANC leadership were all members of the military wing [MK]. MK suspended operations in 1990, in preparation for the dismantling of apartheid. In 1994, MK members were integrated into the South African National Defense Force.
Zuma joined the South African Communist Party in 1963. That same year, he was arrested along with 45 other recruits near Zeerust, in western Transvaal, currently part of Northwest Province. He was convicted of conspiring to overthrow the minority white apartheid government. He was then sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, which he spent in Robben Island with Nelson Mandela and other notable ANC leaders who were also in prison at the time. Zuma served as a referee for prisoners’ association football games in prison. After his release, Zuma was instrumental in the re-establishment of ANC underground structures in the Natal province. He first left SA in 1975, to meet Thabo Mbeki in Swaziland, and then proceeded to Mozambique where he dealt with thousands of exiles after the wake of the Soweto Uprising. Zuma stayed abroad on exile himself. The Soweto uprisings or riots were a series of clashes in Soweto, South Africa on June 16, 1976, between black youths and South African authorities that led to the deaths of 23 people on the first day. The protests continued until the end of the year, by which time over 500 were...

Find Another Essay On Jacob Zuma

White-Collar Crime in South Africa Essay

1530 words - 7 pages Africa, and it does not seem to be slowing down. A well known example of corruption in the government involves Jacob Zuma, the current president. In 1999, he allegedly took part in a scandal referred to as the “Arms Deal.” He and his team were accused of taking a bribe from a company in exchange for giving them a multi-billion rand government contract for guns, fighter jets, and other defense equipment. Although charges against Zuma were

Planning for South Africa Twenty Years Into Its Freedom

1535 words - 7 pages 2014 the country faces a new array of challenges and still, it seems, that the promise of service stands still as part a planning commission of South Africa President Jacob Zuma stated at this year’s State of the Nation Address that “South Africa could not continue to deny apartheid and colonialism were the root of the country’s problems, and cited problems such as Bantu education, Coloured education, amongst others“(SAnews, 2014).The legacy of

The Classification of Descriptive Ethics

1997 words - 8 pages extortion What that said one can see the visible signs of corruption in South Africa and is one of the most relevant and tormenting ethical issues in South Africa. An example of this would be the report by Public Protector Thuli Madonsela found out that our President Jacob Zuma has deceived Parliament when he claimed the Zuma family paid for the expenses of construction on Nkandla. The inquisition that took two long years found Nkandla’s private

Economic Systems Used by Countries

2125 words - 9 pages services, and security services can either be owned by the government or individuals. Resources such as telecommunication, electricity, sanitation, sewage and refuse removal are owned by the state and companies such as banks, retails shops are owned by individuals but government can intervene if there is something wrong. In (engineering news, 2009) Jacob Zuma said that south support the mixed economic system. According statistics of the current

Twenty Years of Democracy and Challenges

1689 words - 7 pages key problem that the country and ANC face is a high-level of political corruption and crime. It seems as if liberation from the white oppressors has opened the door to individual opportunism (Southall 2008). The country’s ruling party fought for a just system but has since then seemed to lose its moral compass. Corruption can be seen within the party through the members it seats. Ever since President Jacob Zuma was elected into office the ANC has

Nelson Mandella

688 words - 3 pages through enormous punishment and survived decades in prison. Nelson ultimately led his country into freedom. Nelson Mandela was 95 years old when he passed away. Nelson suffered from a recurring lung infection for the past few months. South African President Jacob Zuma confirmed Mandela’s death on live television at 4:50 P.M., December 5, 2013. Mandela was admitted into the hospital after his chronic lung infection persisted in July. Hundreds

The Gender Identity Transition in South Africa

1016 words - 5 pages and usually frown upon deviations within society. A prime example of this would be the 50 documented cases of violent hates crimes against black lesbians living in the townships, owing to their sexual preference these women were assaulted in order to rid them of their non-conforming behavior (Pithouse, 2011: 2). The President of South Africa, Jacob Zuma, as well as the Minister of Arts and Culture Lulu Xingwana have also shared their views against

The Effect the Protection of State Information Bill Will Have on South African Democracy if Passed

1584 words - 6 pages and state errors and prevents the public from discovering information which could be embarrassing to the ANC. The DA continues to state that the bill opposes state figures such as Desmond Tutu and violates the rights of the South African people (Democratic Alliance). To oppose this bill, the DA has taken a number of actions. This includes a private meeting with President Jacob Zuma, which the DA plans to alert Zuma of the short and long-term

south africa

1463 words - 6 pages ran by the current president Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (Republic of South Africa, 2013, government leaders). President Zuma was elected in 2009 by the deputy of ministers. Since the government is a republic, the elected deputies vote on legislation and not the people themselves. There are currently 32 deputy of ministers that vote on legislation (Republic of South Africa, 2013, government leaders). The deputy president currently is Kgalema

Political Violence in South Africa

1111 words - 4 pages until it was somewhat revived between the late 1990's to early 2000s when the ANC faced intense and violent factionalism between Thabo Mbeki and Jacob Zuma, with members of the ANC identified themselves with either one of the two main political personalities within the party.9 These political factional infighting between supporters of the two rival personalities took in many forms beyond internal party intrigue, such as violent attacks and

The Effect the Protection of State Information Bill will have on South African Democracy if Passed

2312 words - 10 pages people (Secrecy Bill). To oppose this bill, the DA has taken a number of actions. This includes a private meeting with President Jacob Zuma, which the DA plans to alert Zuma of the short and long-term effects this bill will bring. They also plan to seek legal advice regarding the validity of the bill, as it has been tagged as a Section 75 Bill (a bill which doesn’t affect the provinces) instead of a Section 76 Bill (a bill which affects the

Similar Essays

Jacob Zuma Essay

1151 words - 5 pages Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma was born April 12, 1942. He was orphaned at a young age. His father was a policeman, and his mother a domestic worker. Zuma received no formal education as a young boy and had to teach himself how to read and write. He spent most of his childhood moving through suburbs in and around Zululand working odd jobs to try and help his mother support the family. His step brother had fought in World War II and became a trade

The New Secrecy Bill Essay

611 words - 3 pages . It is supposedly an improved legislation which serves to protect sensitive or classified state information against unnecessary disclosure and destruction. It has been noted by the media and even President Jacob Zuma himself that the Bill has some “grey areas” where ‘national interest’ remains too vague a reason for keeping information classified. Furthermore, the Secrecy Bill restricts the media’s access to government information, offering

The Economy And Politics: An Inseparable Pair

833 words - 4 pages In President Jacob Zuma’s address to the Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment Summit on the 3rd of October 2013 at the Gallagher Estate in Johannesburg he discussed the successes and failures since the passing of the BBEEE Act 10 years ago. President Zuma confirmed that they approach economic transformation by: • creating decent employment for all South Africans • eliminating poverty and dealing decisively with extreme inequalities in our

The Global Economic And Political Implications Of The South African 2014 General Elections

1549 words - 7 pages metals industry in South Africa is the disruption of raw material supplies due to strikes in the mining industry (, 2014). In a speech given by President Jacob Zuma in February 2014, the president stated that the country has intervened in the mining sector because of its importance as a key job driver (Zuma, 2014). The president also stated that mining is South Africa’s biggest earner of foreign exchange (Zuma, 2014