Jails, Prisons, And Rehabilitation Essay

980 words - 4 pages

Prisons and jails are both referred to as incarcerations. A prison is where people get physically confined and lack personal freedom, and also those awaiting trails and those serving a term exceeding one year are confined here, while a jail is where inmates are housed prior to their trials on local level and those serving a term of one year or less. The society is protected from the offenders by them being confined in prisons, where their behaviors can be monitored, or they can be placed in community-based facilities which are secured and also offer an opportunity for the prisoners to acquire skills and knowledge through work related activities. The jail on the other hand serves the purpose of detaining law offenders of which they shall be knowledge on the reason for detention as they go through the process of criminal justice. The jails do so by holding people who are awaiting trials, convictions or those to be sentenced; those who have already been sentenced and are waiting to be taken to prison, and also holding law violators who cannot afford to pay the bonds so that they can appear for trials. The jail also serves the purpose of holding people convicted of less offense for the period ordered by the court.
In general, the prison holds people for a period of more than one year. Prisons consist of many facilities since most people serve for long periods behind the bars. They are inclusive of exercise places, dining rooms, places to socialize and education facilities like classrooms, libraries, churches and workshops. Prisons hold more people as compared to jails in which they are ranged according to the crimes committed by the offenders, and this is due to safety precautions. Prisons also have such facilities as to carry out all types of sentences and in addition there are housings for different type of criminals sentenced to various punishments. Jails have no such facilities as compared to prisons. The convicts have access to food and water, bathing facilities, there are also socialization places which are restricted and the security is not as tight as that of prisoners, (WiseGeek, 2003).
There are rehabilitation facilities for the prisoners to ensure that the offenders do not get back to law breaking but will have acquired certain skills to help earn a living after the sentence period is over. The main reason for the establishment of the rehabilitation centers is to counter the increasing population in the prisons as people are being sentenced every day. The act under which the rehabilitation process is planning to reduce the population through the following means: first is community sentences where the offender will be made to do community works while staying at home; custody plus, which will involve short term of less than a year in prison then after which one works for the community while under rehabilitation; Custody Minus, where the prison sentence is suspended for a shorter period in case the offender has gone against the community...

Find Another Essay On Jails, Prisons, and Rehabilitation

To Punish or to Rehabilitate Essay

1020 words - 4 pages . Punishment for offenders includes restitution, probation, parole, intermediate sanctions, jails, prisons, and sometimes capital punishment. Restitution is a requirement of the courts to either pay money or provide services to victims of the crime or the community itself (Schmalleger, 2011). While paying restitution helps restore the victim’s standard of living and confidence, it is also a way for the offender to learn responsibility and consequences for

Raniqua Wilson Reading 6 Challenges of Managing Mentally Ill Offenders

976 words - 4 pages enjoy working at. Direct supervision jails and prisons approach is just different and it actually works. “If you can’t rehabilitate, at least do no harm.” ( ) Traditional jails and prisons are causing more harm than anything to many inmates, but they were created to help rehabilitate inmates while incarceration. It seems as through sight of rehabilitation has been lost inside these jails and prison and more harm is being done. That is a problem

Home Confinement is the Solution to Prison Overcrowding

1406 words - 6 pages staff and inmates in unsafe, life threatening conditions, and jeopardizing public safety. Supporters claim that more prisons need to be built to accommodate offenders as well as to ensure the safety of staff members.   "The number of inmates in the nation's jails and prisons rose again last year, to a record 1.8 million, though crime rates have dropped for seven consecutive years" (Welch). Supporters of building prisons argue that

Prison System: Deterrent to Crime or Assistant?

781 words - 4 pages released they have lost the ability to socialize and become an active and contributing member of society. The reason why prisons don’t have a high success rate is because they have the mentality of revenge rather than rehabilitation. In Prisons and Jails they include many systems involved in The Reform Movement. The movement’s goal was to change society for the better by using reason. The Pennsylvania system campaigned for a more humane treatment

Criminal Rehabilitation in the United States Justice System

2028 words - 9 pages stingy spending on the prisons, which can be seen from the billions of dollars that are thrown at prisons to keep U.S. citizens locked up. This dangerous and inefficient system must be reformed for the benefit of U.S. citizens that are involved in them whether through paying taxes or being in these prisons. Although the fear of punishment deters crime, United States criminal justice systems should focus on rehabilitation. In its past, the United

The analysis of Drugs and Crime.

1119 words - 4 pages who are in and out of prisons by imposing alternate programs some within the confines of the prison and some in separate locations. These programs attempt to change the attitudes and behavior of its participants, and by doing this they hope that in turn they will reduce the crimes committed by its participants. The focus of my research was whether or not prison based rehabilitation programs are successful in the attempt to lower recidivism rates

Alternatives to Prison

1665 words - 7 pages within the Federal, State, and County governments. These are categorized by the degree of security they provide. Minimum security prisons, which are also known as county jails, provide minimal supervision. These jails are generally used as holding cells for offenders awaiting trial or release. Medium security and maximum security prisons are utilized for the offenders serving a sentenced amount of time for their offenses. Their levels of security

Is Recidivism Inevitable?

990 words - 4 pages prisoners are willing to kill, trade drugs and other offences. Because of the worsening conditions in the prisons the almost non-existent rehabilitation programs are counteracted. Worse than the prisoner violence is the complete disregard of the prisoners by the guards and staff. Once a prisoner has left prison one would think they would be given help to re-enter society. That is not the case. “Ninety-five percent of all inmates will be released

Recognizing Traumatic Brain Injury in Prisons

1468 words - 6 pages Brief Overview. Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation. (2006). Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 375–378. “Traumatic Brain Injury in Prisons and Jails: An Unrecognized Problem”. CDC. n.d. Web. 18 March 2013 Ross, Michael. (2013). Health and Health Promotion in Prisons. London: Routledge Publishers: 2008. Print. Schofield, Peter, Tony Butler, Stephanie Hollis, Nadine Smith, Stephen Lee, Wendy Kelso. (2006).Traumatic brain injury among Australian prisoners: Rates, recurrence and sequelae. Journal of Brain Injury. 20(5): 499–506.

The Flawed Prison System of America

1292 words - 6 pages ,65) This is your money. Reducing the number of non-violent offenders in our prisons and jails by half would lower the $75 billion bill by $16.9 billion a year.(Schmitt,1) Therefore, step two to change is recognizing the flaws in the system. The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics estimates that 83% of children now 12 years old will become victims of actual or attempted violence if crime continues at its current rates. A violent crime is committed

Visions of Prisons in the Future

2471 words - 10 pages felt that criminals could be helped well outside prisons. As a result, many countries began to set up community correctional centers and halfway houses. Offenders lived in these facilities just before the release and received counseling to help them adjust to life outside prison" ("Prison Systems History 2001"). "From 1900 to 1970 rehabilitation-oriented prisons provided psychological services, counseling, vocational and technical training

Similar Essays

Jails And Prisons Comparison Essay

1010 words - 4 pages Prisons and jails hold some similar characteristics but are completely different models in which they serve in the criminal justice system. Some of the types of crimes that America faces today are: violent crimes, property, white collar or organized crime, and public order crimes (Worrall, 2008). The criminal justice system sets the regulations and policies of how an offender will be held accountable for their inappropriate actions. The criminal

The Overcrowding Of Prisons And Jails

1732 words - 7 pages service would make space in the prisons and there would be more beds and resources available. While on probation they would be under supervision and be attending rehabilitation and treatment programs that are designed just for them and their offenses. Also, if they lower the “truth in sentencing” requirements, more people could be eligible for parole. Currently because of the “truth in sentencing”, all inmates have to serve a minimum of eighty-five

Future Visions And Communication Of Jails/Prisons

683 words - 3 pages Future Visions and Communication of Jails/PrisonsWhat is the future of the prison system in the United States? At present time there is still much scrutiny on America's prison system as to they way they were years ago. The rehabilitation and the recidivism rates are believed to be the most important of all to a functional jail system, not to mention the structure of the entire system itself. Direct supervision of jails seems to be the main focus

Julie Foushi Essay

2256 words - 10 pages Why are prison and jail so overcrowded? Could it be we need to establish a better program for rehabilitating the inmates? For many years now rehabilitation has been an issue within the Criminal Justice System. The debate of should these criminals be punished or should they be rehabilitated. What is the reason for our jails and prisons for becoming so full? Is it because we simply like to house criminals to keep them off the streets or do we