Jainism Essay

2287 words - 10 pages

Founding and HistoryJainism is a religion of India concentrated largely in Gujarat and Rajasthan, in the state of Karnataka (Mysore), as well as in the larger cities of the Indian peninsula. Jainism emerged towards the end of a time of great social transformation in north India which is usually called the Vedic period. The word "Jainism" derives from the Sanskrit word 'jina ' (to conquer). It is the struggle and the subsequent victory of the Jain tirthankaras, "makers of the river crossing", over passion and bodily senses. This victory is necessary for the complete purity of soul, which is the religious goal for every Jain. This religion has survived in India for almost 2,500 years and is ...view middle of the document...

Jainism does not believe in God as a creator, survivor, and destroyer of the universe. However Jainism does believe in God. When a living being destroys all his karmas, he possesses enlightenment, becoming omniscient. Thereby, this living being is a God of Jain religion. Hence Jains do not believe in one God, Gods in Jain religion are continuously increasing as more living beings attain a pure soul for liberation. To attain a pure soul, a person destroys all eight types of his karmas in the following sequence. First Mohaniya (delusion), then Jnana-varaniya (knowledge), Darasna-varaniya (vision), and Antaraya (natural qualities) all three together. Lastly the remaining four namely Nama (body), Ayu (life span), Gotra (social standing), and Vedniya (pleasure and pain of the body). Every living being has a potential to become God of the Jain religion. One of the most common terms used to describe a pure soul is paramatman, or the "supreme self".HumanityJains believe that the universe is made up of two types, jiva and ajiva. Jiva consists of an infinite number of living things. Ajiva is matter in all its forms and the conditions under which matter exists: time, space, motion and rest. Both jiva and ajiva are eternal; will never cease to exist. The jiva is pure, while ajiva (matter) is not. The whole world is made up of jivas trapped in ajiva; therefore, any contact whatsoever of the jiva with the ajiva causes suffering. In every human being, a jiva is trapped, and the jiva suffers because of its contact with ajiva. All jivas are equal in size and quality, only the matter they entwine differs. Jains believe that even plants, insects, and animals are capable of religious participation because to a certain degree they obtain the senses (sight, hearing, tasting, touching, and smelling). Yet to reach spiritual perfection, a soul must be reborn into a human body.CosmosJainism universe is also called the loka, very vast but of fixed dimensions. The shape of the universe can be described as resembling the body of a man with arms at angles, hands on waist and legs apart. The universe structure is divided in three tiers. At the top, the liberated pure souls rest. Above the waist (upper tier), is where the heavens are, ordered increasing in brightness and pleasures. At the middle tier (at the waist) is where all the humans are. The lower tier is where hell exists. The middle tier which is called the Middle Realm is where the infinite worlds are arranged in countless rings. Each ring of land is followed by a ring of water. The central land of the Middle Realm is called Jambudvipa, where humans live. All the remaining land or water rings do not have human life. Below the Middle Realm is a series of hells, each successively darker and unpleasant, where hell beings suffer tortures inflicted by demons. Underneath the bottommost hell, there are no habitations, only clouds. Jain universe is eternal but not unchangeable, because it passes through an endless series of...

Find Another Essay On Jainism

Jainism versus Judaism Essay

2664 words - 11 pages generated a much more soul oriented and gratifying answer. Religion is a system of beliefs, values, and world views that attempt to connect mankind to the spiritual realm. In making these connections, religions around the world have developed their own creation stories and ideas about the afterlife. Jainism and Judaism are two established worldly religions that attempt to answer existential questions and questions regarding an afterlife. These attempts

hinduism vs. jainism Essay

1102 words - 4 pages moksha are the terms used in dealing with the Hinduism concept of afterlife. Samsara is the birth, death, and rebirth cycle. That’s why Hindu’s want to have good Karma so they can escape this cycle and eventually achieve moksha. Moksha is the escape of samsara and once Hindus achieve moksha they are set free from space, time, and matter. Moksha is what all Hindus want to achieve. Jainism      When I saw that we were going

"Ahimsa" and the Differences Between Jainism and Other World Cultures

1173 words - 5 pages "Ahimsa" and the Differences Between Jainism and Other World Cultures A dog is being chased by 12 other dogs through the crowded streets of India. He is being chased because he had just found a bone and being as hungry as the rest of the dogs, he wants the bone for himself. Gazing upon this, a Jain monk was reminded of Aparigraha, the Jain principle of non-attachment. In the religion of Jainism, one must not be attached to material

Exploring Jainism: Jain and Jain Renouncers

730 words - 3 pages Jain and Jain renouncers are very dedicated to the practice of ahimsa, or nonviolence. They are very aware of their world around them and what will happen to their karma if they harm any walks life. Jains try to eventually purge any negative karma they might have accumulated over their lifetime. Through this dedication to nonviolence, Jains work tirelessly to make sure that their intentional actions will not bring harm to

To eat Meat , or not to eat Meat , that is the question ?

1755 words - 8 pages evolutionary changes to consume meat then why have some religious groups decided to abstain from consuming animal food products? Historically, humans have consumed a wide range of food sources, including animal products. One religious group in particular, the followers of Jainism, have taken vegetarianism to extremes. The term vegetarian comes from the Latin root “Vigitore” which means strength and health. In the Concise Oxford Dictionary it

Jain Philosophy

1722 words - 7 pages Jainism is not the biggest of the Indian religions, but it is significant in todays world. Jain philosophy embodies the ideas that all beings have a soul, multiple aspects and non-attachment. Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism have significant differences in their belief of the universe in regrades to karma. Understanding these differences in these religions concerning karma allows one to distinguish the individuality of Jainism from other Indian

Making a Mark in History

794 words - 4 pages In today’s society, there are many different religions, one of those religions is Jainism. Jainism is a unique religion said to be founded in the sixth century BCE. This religion originated in India and has spread all over the world. The original language of Jainism was Sanskrit. This religion emphasizes on eliminating negative Karma, observing, purifying, disciplining the mind and body, and living by strict ethical principles. As one takes a

History of Religion in India

1082 words - 4 pages Ancient India has lots of rich history from the first settlers, the Aryans and Vedic ages, the great religions and to the Mauryan Empire. I will focus on the three major Religions to come from India: Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. I will explain the origins of all three religions and further compare their similarities as well as their differences between them. The practice of all three religions still today in countless countries proves the

Ancient Religions of India

1078 words - 4 pages Dating back to the period around 500 B.C.E., three religions spread throughout India. Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism prospered in this philosophical time. These religions shared several of the same concepts. However, each maintained individuality by branching off and putting emphasis on what they believed to be the key to liberation or enlightenment. Hinduism is the easiest to distinguish from the group for several reasons. One is that

Ancient Religions of India

1409 words - 6 pages India’s three primary religions; Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are all responses to the Aryan religion of Brahmanism. The Aryans came into power in Indian around 1000 B.C.E., and as their political influence spread, their religious beliefs followed in its wake. Two fundamental beliefs of Brahmanism are samsara and karma. Samsara deals with the cyclical nature of the soul and how death only brings rebirth into a new form. Depending upon the

uncovering religions

737 words - 3 pages their caste system would have good karma and be incarnated into the next caste system. There are three different religions that were beginning to branch off from the above religion; they included Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. We talked quite a bit in class about both Jainism and Buddhism. “Jainism was based on the teachings of a man called Mahavira, the ‘great hero,’ or Jina, the ‘conqueror,’ who lived from around 540 to 486 B.C.E” (Connections

Similar Essays

Jainism Essay

1178 words - 5 pages Jainism Jainism is one of the oldest religions deriving from Ancient India. Although it shares many similar characteristics with many other religions, Jainism is indeed unique. Prominent and revered figures from the past, such as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, have led the fight against their oppressors following Jainism teachings. Janis¡¦s Jainists believe that life is perpetual, with no real ending or beginning. They traditionally

Jainism Essay

2321 words - 9 pages Jainism Jainism is one of the oldest practicing religions, although, today Jainism appears in its present day form in the areas of Northeastern India, just as it did thousands of years ago. It's a religion composed in arrangement so that it's characteristic are associated with the religions like Buddhism and Hinduism. In the beginning, however, the Jains prayed to the Hindu gods mainly for earthly support like a male heir, long life, and

Jainism Seminar Script Essay

3562 words - 14 pages World Religions: Jainism Seminar ScriptIntroductionAS: Hello and welcome to another session of 'Religion at a glance.' I'm your host Ariba Shah and today's topic is: Jainism **. We'll begin today by asking you, our audience, what you know about the religion of Jainism. (write on board)**Jainism is a religion that began in the Ganges Basin in Eastern India around the 5th - 7th century BCE. Jainism preaches that there isn't a founder of the

Buddhism, Jainism And Hinudism Essay

1337 words - 5 pages Jainism, in many respect, is the most prominent religion in India, it is also associated with other major religions e.g. Hinduism and Buddhism. In the past, it was considered that Jainism was a stem either of Buddhism or of Hinduism. However, nowadays it is a well-known reality that Jainism is a separate religion of India but not a branch of either Buddhism or Hinduism. It is accepted that Jainism is the primordial religion of India. As Jainism