James Cook Great European Explorer

632 words - 3 pages

Did you know one European found five different islands? The islands are New Zealand, New Guinea, Hawaii, Tahiti, and Australia. His name is James Cook. He was a great explorer from Europe.

James Cook was born on October 27, 1728 in Yorkshire, England. James Cook and his father share the same name James Cooks’ mother’s name is Grace Pace prior to marriage. His siblings are John, Christina, Mary, Jane, Mary (2), Margaret, and William. James Cook married Elizabeth Cook they had six children they are James, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, George, and Hugh.

James Cook’s father took him to sailing school to get education about ship sailing .Which inspired him to start a ship sailing career .The main accomplishments of his career were the three voyages during which he discovered new land for the British empire.

Voyage One. Cook was commissioned as lieutenant for the Endeavour. Cook was sent to observe the transit of Venus over the sun disk in Tahiti. On his way he found an island. The island is now called New Zealand. He also found another Island known as Australia. Cook landed in an area he originally charted as Stingray Harbour due to the fish abundance in the area ,later ,he renames it boutany bay due to the great potassium of plants on the island . He first names’ the area South Wales, but later changes it to New South Wales. He then charted the Eastern coastline of Australia and continues New Guinea and Java. Cooks father later moves to Redcar to live with his married daughter, now Margaret Fleck.

Voyage two. The Whitby built HMS Resolution is Cook’s chosen vessel for his second voyage of discovery on which he is accompanied by the “A dventure” ship. Which was built by Whitby as well . Cook was now a captain and was tasked to map out the great Southern Continent, which is believed to lie in...

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