This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

James Madison Essay

1262 words - 5 pages

James Madison

James Madison was born in 1751 and died in 1836. He was the fourth president of the United States (1809-1817). Madison worked for American independence, helped to establish the government of the new nation, and went on to participate in that government as congressman, secretary of state, and president. Madison's work on the Constitution of the United States gave him his best opportunity to exercise his great talents and is generally considered his most valuable contribution. More than any other person, Madison can be considered responsible for making the Bill of Rights part of the Constitution. His intense concern for religious and intellectual freedom led him to seek the strongest possible safeguards of individual liberty.
In 1776, Madison was elected a delegate to the Virginia constitutional convention. Madison wrote the article of the declaration of rights that asserted the right of all "to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience." In December 1779, Madison was elected to the Continental Congress. He took his seat with the Virginia delegation in March 1780 and after the first few months, he assumed a leading role in Congress. In the spring of 1784 Madison again ran for election to the Virginia assembly and won. He served nearly three years there, advocating the strengthening of the federal government.
Madison was one of the first delegates to arrive in Philadelphia for the Constitutional Convention. Madison proposed a government with strong central powers, including a national judiciary and an elected national executive, and with authority to veto legislation of individual states. Primarily, Madison sought to provide the central government "with positive and complete authority in all cases which require uniformity" and to prevent abuse of this authority by making the government responsible to the people. He favored a two-chamber legislature and a system of representation that would give the larger states an influence in proportion to their size. The compromise reached was that the states would be represented according to size in the lower chamber, the House of Representatives, but would have equal voting power in the upper chamber, the Senate. Madison feared government by a minority and foresaw that the small states would be able to wield disproportionate power. After the convention adjourned, the Virginia assembly returned Madison to Congress, then in its final session under the Articles of Confederation. However, largely through the efforts of Patrick Henry, Madison failed to win a seat in the new U.S. Senate.
Madison ran for election to the House of Representatives and was elected in February 1789. In the first term of the new Congress, he introduced a measure to set up executive departments of the government. The second, introduced on June 8, 1789, presented a series of nine amendments to strengthen the Constitution. These were largely designed to guarantee personal liberty,...

Find Another Essay On James Madison

James Madison Essay

1063 words - 4 pages James Madison seemed fragile, standing at only five feet six inches and weighing less than 140 pounds, and did not look like the type to be an influential political leader. Yet Madison was a great debater, able to use pure thought, not emotion, to win an argument. Madison is called the Father of the Constitution for a reason: he first helped create the Constitutional Convention and then worked for a strong national government that is the

James Madison Essay

1507 words - 6 pages James Madison was a very patient and happy man, never complaining. Even though he had a rough childhood, he become a great man. You will see and understand his character over the course of this paper, for he was best known as "The Father of the Constitution" for a reason (the name was given to him because he made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing, with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, the Federalist essays

James Madison

1832 words - 8 pages President James Madison held the white house office from 1808-1816. During his tenure he had to deal with the ramifications of his policies from when he was Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson and The War of 1812. These two major points are what shaped most of his presidential terms. It was his second term that helped with the postwar expansion of America and the split in the Democratic Party system. It was also during his second term

James madison and Slavery

2078 words - 8 pages James madison and slavery Slavery was a problem that faced all Americans in the years prior to the American Civil War. Many Americans wanted to bring about an end to it but were unable to come up with a workable plan. One person to try and find an answer to the problem was himself a slave owner; he was James Madison. The institution of slavery deeply concerned James Madison, even at the start of his political career. During his career

President James Madison

1377 words - 6 pages President James Madison James Madison, (1751-1836), 4th President of the United States of America. Although he served eight years each as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, as secretary of state, and as president, Madison's principal contribution to the founding of the United States was as "Father of the Constitution." Madison's place among the Founding Fathers reveals the essential qualities of his public career. Jefferson

James Madison: American Hero

1188 words - 5 pages James Madison was an American statesman, political figure, the secretary of state for Thomas Jefferson, and the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is often called the “Father of the Constitution” because he took a very active role in the drafting of the constitution. He is also remembered as the author and key proponent of the Bill of Rights. He was one of the writers of the Federalist Papers and was one of the

James Madison Biography

1710 words - 7 pages James Madison Known to be a well-respected man with many attributes that help form the United States Government into what it is today. Studying hard all through out college to obtain the role of a congressman, then on to work as secretary of state, and that lead to two full term presidencies not mentioning the contributions Madison had to the United States. This report is to tell the reader why I believe James Madison was a great leader and

Factionalism According To James Madison

1179 words - 5 pages The writers of “The Federalist Papers,” Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, strongly opposed the oftentimes negative effects of factionalism on government efficiency. Within “The Federalist Paper No. 10,” Madison explains factionalism, what causes it, its effect on American society and how to limit the damage cause by opposing factions. The nation’s original constitution was being re-evaluated by the various delegates present

James Madison And Thomas Jefferson

1428 words - 6 pages appointed Marbury to be justice of peace in Washington, D.C. Jefferson told his new Secretary of State, James Madison, to withhold the documents that would finalize Marbury's position. Marbury then asked the Supreme Court for a court order that would force Madison to deliver the documents. In 1803, the case of Marbury v. Madison was brought forth to Chief Justice Marshal. Marshal and his fellow justices unanimously agreed that Madison must hand over

James Madison: The Father of The Constitution

841 words - 4 pages James Madison was born in 1751; he was the oldest of 12 children. He was from a wealthy Virginian family. James was a small child and was not healthy or rambunctious; he spent a lot of time reading. He was married later in life to Dolley Payne Todd and had no children. Madison attended the College of New Jersey which later took the name of Princeton University; he took a liking to history and politics, that opened bigger doors for the soon to be

James Madison and the Slavery Issue

3379 words - 14 pages James Madison and the Slavery Issue The Revolutionary period of the United States was a time filled with much turmoil and confusion as to how this newly found nation, should be modeled. Many delicate issues were discussed and planned out to get the best outcome for all concerned. One of these issues that cast an ominous shadow over the new republic was the slavery issue. Some of the most prominent figures at the head of this nation wanted

Similar Essays

James Madison Essay 1501 Words

1501 words - 6 pages The Founding Brother: James Madison The American Revolution emerge, and new ideas and changes were made from the Founding Brothers. The Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation...were all made and edit from the Founding Brothers. One of the Founding Brothers, did not experience the American revolution. James Madison, a federalist who was a republican-democratic had many goals he wanted to achieved. He looked back and was

James Madison Essay 1215 Words

1215 words - 5 pages James Madison,widely known as the “Father of the Constitution” was born on March 16,1751 in Port Conway,Virginia. He was born into a wealthy family. His father,James Madison Sir.,gained wealth from inheritance and his mother’s, Kelly Conway, side of the family were also rich as her father made a living by being a tobacco merchant. A surprising fact that,despite coming from a such preposterous family, James was rather ill as a child. Madison was

James Madison Essay 1181 Words

1181 words - 5 pages Ronny GarciaU.S History - DoughertyResearch Paper 11 - 15 - 08James MadisonJames Madison, "Father of the Constitution"James Madison (Jr.) was born March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia [1]. Madison, the oldest of 12 children, was always a sickly child during his youth, and suffered all his life from physical ailments [2].Yet, although it may seem that such disabilities keep a person from living a long and fulfilling life; However, Madison's

James Madison Essay 1836 Words

1836 words - 7 pages James Madison He was a small man at 5 feet 4 inches tall, less than 100 pounds with penetrating eyes, a charming smile, and parchment skin. "James Madison Jr. born into a large Episcopalian family on March 16,1751 in Port Conway, Virginia, made a large political impact on the United States of America" (The Federalist 1). "He was frequently referred to as the father of the Constitution, for he made many provisions to it's making" (The