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Jamestown V. Plymouth: What Were The Motives And Expections Of The People In Each Colony? What Different Sets Of Problems Did Each Group Face? How Did They React To These Problems?

991 words - 4 pages

Starvation, disease, and Indians; these are just a few of the problems you would have dealt with if you wanted to journey to and live in the New World at the start of the 17th century. Knowing some of the fatal and dangerous problems they would have faced what could have been the motivation to make people go anyway? To give up the comforts they were accustomed to having; to risk getting sick and not having the things they would need to get well, and to have to come in contact with people who were natives of the foreign land and not sure what their reaction would be. Well, there were different motivations for different groups of people and that's what I will be focusing on. Two groups of people in particular I will be looking at are the Jamestown settlers and the Plymouth Colony settlers. These two groups had some very different ways of handling things.First we will look at the motives and expectations of these two groups of people. The Jamestown colonists were mostly men, who in England were considered to be gentlemen. These men were adventurous explores and thought menial and manual labor to be beneath them. The Jamestown voyage was funded by the London Company and many of the passengers were officials or employees of this business. Their main motivation for coming to Virginia was to first; keep Spain out and establish the land for England and second; to make their fortunes from finding a water route to Asia, gold, silver and other resources, then return home to England wealthy.The Plymouth settlers were families of men, women, and children. These people were immigrating for religious reasons. They were members of the Puritan group known as the Separatist. They did not agree with England's Church and State beliefs and were persecuted for this, not allowing them to practice what they believed in freely. The Plymouth settlers had plans of going to America permanently to be able to live free. The Plymouth settlers made a deal with the Virginia Company to send supplies and food back for seven years in exchange for a trip to America.When the Virginia Company of London selected settlers for the Jamestown voyage they had already assigned positions, such as officers to act as government officials on England's behalf while in America. As mentioned before all of the Jamestown men were considered to be gentlemen and had no intention of working or farming the land. They thought England would keep sending supplies. They also expected the Native Americans to supply them with food and necessities and also work for the settlers as slaves. The relationship between Native Americans and the English were already strained because of the English feeling superior to them and showing no respect to the fact that the Natives had already been living here and did have some rights to the land. The English also tried to force Christianity on the Indians and the English had brought over diseases that the Indians were not immune to and certain Native populations were dying out...

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