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Jane Austen The Literary Legened

2173 words - 9 pages

Jane Austen was a major English novelist whose brilliantly witty, elegantly structured, satirical fiction novels showed the elevation of society through the 17th century. She became a literary legend due to her transition from 17th century neo-classicism to 19th century romanticism. Throughout her novels Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, Jane Austen uses variations of satirical wit throughout the use of the 17th century social class levels and statues of men and woman. Born in Hampshire on December 16, 1775, Jane Austen grew up to become a major English novelist. The seventh of eight children, Jane Austen was educated mainly at home and never lived apart from her family. As a young child, Jane Austen use to write plays and act them out to amuse her siblings and herself. Jane Austen's father Reverend George Austen, who owned a library with a wide selection of books, influenced Jane Austen from a young age to read books and write plays from the information she gathered. The more Jane Austen read the more she got ideas about different writing techniques. The influence she had from reading her fathers books brought on to the first book she wrote at the age of 14. Her first book as a young child was later named Love an Friendship which included different types of juvenilia. The more Jane Austen read and wrote as a young girl the more she was interested in English literature. As Jane Austen grew older she wrote more novels. In the course of a quite provincial life Jane Austen wrote a total of six fully complete novels which are amongthe best known and most highly valued in English literary tradition. Jane Austen's early childhood influence on English literature perfected her ability of writing true literary legends. ( Halperin, 1984, 75-89) Jane Austen was well known for her use of ironic wit in her novels. Throughout her novels, Persuasion and Northanger Abbey, Jane Austen uses satirical wit in many ways. For most, Jane Austen's novels showed satirical irony through social observations of the different social classes in the 17th century, such as women's standards, men's standards, rich people's ranks and poor people's ranks. As Martin Amis once said, "Jane Austen is weirdly capable of keeping everybody busy. The moralists, the Eros-and- Agape people, the Marxists, the Freudians, the Jungian, the deconstructions- all find an adventure playground in six seamy novels about middle-class provincials" (Tyler, 1996, 1). The use of irony for Jane Austen was for hiding what is actually the case, not in order to deceive, but to achieve special rhetorical or astir effect. (Shields, 2001, 5)Northanger Abbey shows the use of satirical irony through woman and men's status and ranks. The 17th century was a very difficult one for women. A women's status was defined by her beauty and by her husbands' rank; for woman who had not been married yet they were defined by their fathers' ranks. A women was not to fall in love with someone lower then her...

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