The oldest Japanese textiles date back to the Nara Period (710-785AD) and impressions of cords have been found on earthenware pots from the Jomon period of Japanese History (10,000-300 BC). Apart from these examples, very little is known of Japanese textiles prior to the 8th Century. However a lot of japans textiles are influenced by Chinese and Korean textiles and using this we can trace the evolution of Japanese textiles.
Most commoners wore hemp, ramie and coarse cotton clothes. The decorations were focused on the hem, upper back and ...view middle of the document...
The kimono consists of four parts; sleeves, body, gusset and a neck band, all which can be replaced. In summer the lining is taken out but in the winter it is warmly padded. All kimonos are of a standard shape with small variations allowing men and women of all heights to wear them, versatility not found in western dress. The Japanese also traditionally used the colours and patterns of textiles items to define between classes for example the Dragon and Phoenix were worn by the royal family and Yellow was worn by the higher nobility and royalty
Types of Cloth in Japanese Textiles
The main fibres used for textiles in Japan are hemp, ramie, cotton and silk. Before silk was introduced into Japan high quality cotton cloth was produced and used to make textile items. Although silk was introduced to Japan in the 2nd century it was not until the 5th and 6th centuries that it became widespread throughout Japan during this time two types of cloth were developed, the Yulata a soft cotton crepe weave with irregular floats and the Seigo a stiff silk.
Design Techniques Used in Japanese Textiles
Japan uses a lot of different types of textile techniques including; silk painting, tye-dyeing and embroidery. There are a lot of different Japanese names for these techniques one of these is Tsutugaki which is the practice of patterning after weaving through the application of silk paint or tye-dying. In japan most txtile items are stitched with running stitch and thread that blended or contrasted with the fabric