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Jaun Bocsh Essay

2488 words - 10 pages

Jaun Bocsh

It all started on July 30th, 1909 when Juan Bosch was born to a Catalan father and a Puerto Rican mother. Juan Bosch was born in La Vega, Dominican Republic where most of the income came from farming. Due to Bosch's surrounding he grew up close to peasants and landowners, even though his father owned a small business in La Vega, Dominican Republic. While many thought that he would follow in his fathers footsteps he decided to become a writer, novelist, essayist, political leader, and a former president of the Dominican Republic(Olmmos 4). All those experiences he lived as a child in the small town of La Vega, played a fundamental role in his political and creative development, as the Dominican campesino. Juan Bosch became one of the most respected short-story writers of Latin American, such a respected author that he has even influenced authors within and beyond the borders of his own country(Olmos 4). "As a young man Bosch participated in literary groups such as La Cueva in Santo Domingo, and in 1929 several of his stories were published in the newspaper Listin Diario and the Journal Bahoruco in the Dominican Republic. In 1933 his first collection of stories, Camino real received critical acclaim. It was followed by another collection called, Indians, Historical Sketches and Legends in 1935, and the novel La Manosa: A Novel of the Revolutions, 1936 (Olmos 5)." Juan Bosch was disposed by a military coup lead by Rafael Leonidas Trujillo who was against of Bosch's literary activities in Dominican Republic. Trujillo and other Dominican intellectuals who opposed Bosch's rule incarcerated for alleged anarchistic activities and was later sent to exile.
"In 1937 Bosch decided to relocate with his wife and children to Puerto Rico to begin an exile that lasted twenty-four years. In 1939 he decided Puerto Rico was not the place for him so he relocated to Havana, Cuba where he worked in radio and journalism, during his residency in Cuba Juan Bosch founded the Revolutionary party and worked with other exiled intellectual to topple their country's dictatorial regime—without success. Bosch also published the biography Hostos, the Sower in 1939, the short-story collections Two Pesos of Water in 1941, and Eight Stories in 1947 which included "Luis Pie", while his stay in Cuba. In 1952, after Fulgencio Batista's successful coup in Cuba, Bosch left Havana, Cuba for Costa Rica, where he taught at and later directed the Institute of Political Education in San Jose. Juan Bosch relocated to Costa Rica, where he became a professor at the Institute of Political Science. But his stay in Costa Rica was not permanent because, during the 1950 Bosch did a lot of traveling throughout Europe and Latin America, Bosch also found time to write Cuba: The Fascinating Island, Judas Iscariote: El calumniado, La Muchacha de la Guaira, and Cuento de Navidad and finally returning to Cuba in 1958 only to be incarcerated by the dictatorship. When...

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