The Mexican Revolution took place in 1910 and ended dictatorship in Mexico. It also
established a constitutional republic. The Mexican Revolution began as a movement of middle-
class protest against the long-standing dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. Leaders such as Francisco
Madero, Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa, and Emiliano Zapata fought to bring it to an end in 1917.
These were long years of frustration for those who yearned for change. A big question that stood
out from the start was if this was really a revolution or if it was just a civil war. At this point,
revolutionists understood the goals of all of this; socially and economically. The main goal of
this Revolution was to end dictatorship and start the new beginning of a constitutional republic.
Porfirio Diaz came into power after a military revolt led by liberal faction. Diaz had goals to
centralize the state’s power. He wanted to modernize the country economically and politically. A
centralized state power with free market was his focus. He increased relations with world
economy. Although In the monopoly of violence, he had to reassure investors that their
investments would be safe.
Madero took power in 1910 in which he overthrew Porfirio Diaz. Guerilla leaders Pancho
Villa, and Emiliano Zapata helped Madero. In 1914, Carranza occupies Mexico with the support
of the U.S. soon after Zapata occupies. Mexico needed labor reform and education reform. For
the most part, the new constitution was based on 20th century liberalism under Articles 3, 27, and
123. Liberalism is founded on ideas of liberty and equality. It is gradual reform in moral,
religious, or political matters. This is what the Revolution aimed to gain. The Constitution
Carranza had in mind failed him. It was a long term document that sealed the Revolution as a
permanent part of Mexican nationalism and development; it also held Carranza’s hold on power.
Diego Rivera emerged out of the Revolution as an artistic and political expression of the new
Mexico. He started the Muralist Movement which embraced the Indian as a positive force in the
formation of Mexican identity. Through policies, culture, history, and art, Rivera emphasized on
a more indigenous side of identity.
The concept of the Revolution was written in the Constitution of 1917. Written in this
constitution, was the law and order in post-revolutionary Mexico. This showed the
“heterogeneous goals of different revolutionary factions” (Vanden, Prevost 345). Old rules were
mixed with new ones such as a “federal system with separation of powers” (Vanden, Prevost
347). The Constitution allowed the state to claim sovereign control over natural resources. In
1930, political power had been centralized within the government, resulting in the creation of the
National Revolutionary Party (PNR). The PNR became the official party.
The Cardenas government came into power in 1934. It fought for the will of its people. In