Jean Paul Sartre : French Activist

1860 words - 8 pages

Throughout the post World War Two era, many people became homeless in countries such as France, Poland, Belgium and other territories of war because of the economic collapse. A Cold War also emerged between the two rising power countries in the world, the USSR and the United States. The emergence of the United Nations, which was a council where the countries of the world could get together so they could discuss global issues, had given some hope to those but only on the surface. In France specifically, there were homeless people all over because of economic weakness, little military power because of Hitler’s occupation of France, and most importantly the corrupted psychology of the people. Jean Paul Sartre became part of the miserable France after World War Two. Sartre fit right into the era of doubt and dismay. He was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and critic. He also became one of the primary figures in philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, along with being a leading figure in 20th century philosophy and Marxism. When Sartre was captured during World War Two by German troops, he realized no person existed that did not make an impact on the entire human race such as Hitler who had made a negative impact on the world. What makes Sartre unique to the era of misery in France because he questioned God and changed France’s presence in the world by making the French change how they acted towards one another and how to question, with the new philosophy of existentialism that states one person fashions the entire race.
As France’s presence in the world collapsed and finally women started to have rights when he became partners with Simone de Beauvoir, who was a modern feminist who believed in equality and stood up to the old thinking that women did everything in the household. At the collapse of the Fourth Republic, which otherwise became known as the Vichy government, after the fall when occupied France became liberated they took out the entire fascist regime and created a new republic called the Fifth Republic. The Fifth Republic had more liberty than others before because they allowed women to have voting rights and let people have the freedom speech. This allowed “Sartre [to remain] politically active after the war, often espousing Marxist causes,” the change had been so sudden most people felt shaken and did not know what cause to follow (Magill 1). Many people looked for some kind of source to rely on and they found comfort in Sartre’s philosophy and his outlook on politics. Jean Paul thought he “had the obligation to address the social issues of the day,” such as the government and what was wrong with the people and how they acted they way they did (Stanford 7). As Sartre became more popular over the years more people flocked to his philosophies of existentialism and his Marxists beliefs about the government, they also came to realize and believe in the...

Find Another Essay On Jean Paul Sartre : French Activist

The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre Essay

1065 words - 4 pages opposed the Vietnam War and participated in tribunal intended to expose U.S. war crimes in 1967. (Channel) In conclusion, the life of Jean-Paul Sartre’s was one many great achievements. He was able to witness many of his works reach great success as well as winning a Nobel Peace Prize. His writings laid out the groundwork for future existentialist to critique or to accept and become inspired by. Sartre was not only a great French philosopher

Jean Paul Sartre´s Existential Philosophy Essay

1215 words - 5 pages Jean Paul Sartre's Existential philosophy posits that is in man, and in man alone, that existence precedes essence. Simply put, Sartre means that man is first, and only subsequently to his “isness” does he become this or that. The implication in Sartre's philosophy is that man must create his own essence: it is in being thrown into the world through consciounsess intent, loving, struggling, experiencing and being in the world that man is

Jean-Paul Sartre: On the Other Side of Despair

3067 words - 12 pages ; however, he was also quite active in the French Resistance during this time ("Jean-Paul Sartre"). It was during this time period that Sartre composed his major philosophical opus, Being and Nothingness. In 1945, Sartre quit teaching and co-founded Les temps moderns (of which he became editor-in-chief), a leftist political magazine and literary review. After 1947, Sartre was also active as an independent Socialist. During the so-called Cold War years

Hsün Tzu and Jean-Paul Sartre Comparison of two Philosophers

1963 words - 8 pages Jean Paul Sartre was a Western French philosopher and wrote some of his major works during World War II. His multiple styles of writing were in the forms of academic essays to novels and many others. He self-described as an atheistic existentialist who believes, “existence precedes essence, or that subjectivity must be the starting point” (143) that is, that man must make subjective choices in his life that are acceptable not only to himself

Jean-Paul Sartre - Problems with the Notion of Bad Faith

4486 words - 18 pages Jean-Paul Sartre - Problems with the Notion of Bad Faith In Being and Nothingness, Jean-Paul Sartre presents the notion of "bad faith." Sartre is a source of some controversy, when considering this concept the following questions arise. "Of what philosophical value is this notion? Why should I attend to what one commentator rightly labels Sartre's 'Teutonically metaphysical prose

Jean-Paul Sartre the Existentialist, Sigmund Freud the Determinist, and Victor Frankenstein

2692 words - 11 pages Human nature has been determined by many as many different things. Some believe that humans have a preexisting "essence" that account for their actions. However, an existentialist or a determinist would disagree on such a philosophy. Jean-Paul Sartre is a famous French existentialist. Not only was he an existentialist, but an atheist as well. He asserted that God does not exist, and that the only human condition is that of free choice. Sigmund

Nasea by Jean Paul Sartre

741 words - 3 pages In Jean Paul Sartre’s 1938 novel, Nausea, the protagonist, Antoine Roquentin questions the existence and purpose of objects and himself. He ultimately discovers the answer to be nothingness for one creates their own meanings and connections to the past and reality. Roquentin is a victim of self-deception and through the narrative point of view and word choice conveyed, it is clear that he lies to himself that he must exist in the present to

John-Paul Satre

1471 words - 6 pages Jean-Paul Sartre, the Existentialist, has been called a brilliant French mind. Many people in America did not take his work as one of the leaders in Existentialism, but now no one in their right mind would say such a thing about Sartre. Sartre?s honesty, his expertise as a writer, his insight and originality, have won him a broader audience than any other philosopher in his lifetime. In his work he has brought a French mentality to life and

The Concept of 'Bad Faith' in the Philosophy of Sartre

1625 words - 7 pages The Concept of ‘Bad Faith’ in the Philosophy of Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre was the French philosopher and a versatile thinker and writer. He is today known for two systematic and extraordinary works in the field of philosophy. Besides these two phenomenal works- ‘Being and Nothingness’ and ‘Critique of Dialectical Reason’- Sartre developed some shorter philosophical versions including; several screenplays, plays, and novels; essays on art and

Jean-Paul Sartre’s Play, The Flies

1131 words - 5 pages represents the French people, and Sartre clearly wanted to inspire an uprising against the oppressive Nazi leaders. Works Cited “Existentialism” Second edition, 1989; online version November 2010. ; accessed 18 January 2011. Goldmann, Lucien and Sandy MacDonald. "The Theatre of Sartre." Drama Review. 15.1 (1970): 102-119. Print. "Jean-Paul Sartre - Biography". Nobelprize.org. 19 Jan 2011 http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1964/sartre-bio.html "Orestes." Encyclopedia Mythica. 2011. Encyclopedia Mythica Online. 21 Jan. 2011 .

Untitled

1593 words - 6 pages Anne Stevenson- Chinua Achebe- (1930- ) Nigeria Novels Things Fall Apart (1958) Ben Okri- (1959- ) Nigeria Novels, Non-Fiction The Famished Road (1991) Anne Stevenson- Chinua Achebe- (1930- ) Nigeria Novels Things Fall Apart (1958) Ben Okri- (1959- ) Nigeria Novels, Non-Fiction The Famished Road (1991) Jean-Paul Sartre (1900-1980) France Novellas, Non-Fiction, Plays, Literary Criticisms Age of Reason (1945) Elizabeth Barret Browning (1806-1861

Similar Essays

Jean Paul Sartre Essay

4921 words - 20 pages general public. One of the reasons both for its popularity and for his discomfort is the clarity with which it exhibits the major tenets of existentialist thought while revealing Sartre's attempt to broaden its social application in response to his Communist and Catholic critics. In other words, it offers us a glimpse of Sartre's thought "on the wing."Sartre's Early YearsJune 21, 1905 was the day when Jean-Paul-Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on 13

Jean Paul Sartre Essay

855 words - 3 pages Jean Paul Sartre was someone who had a massive influence on people, yet he did not seem to have the credentials to support it. It seems that he was in the right place at the right time, and this gave him the momentum, which he needed to keep his place in society with massive influence. Sartre's most successful part of life was his middle ages, and even then, he wrote quantity without quality, making large sums of money from it somehow, and not

Biographie Jean Paul Sartre Essay

1358 words - 5 pages La notion de liberté a évolué à travers le temps et a été étudiée par différents philosophes. Elle est de façon incontestable une valeur universelle, mais n'est toutefois pas un concept univoque. Dans ce texte, la liberté selon Sartre sera étudiée. La biographie de Jean-Paul Sartre sera d'abord abordée suivie d'une présentation de la libert

No Exit: Jean Paul Sartre Essay

585 words - 2 pages In the play, No Exit, written by Jean-Paul Sartre, three souls are united in the same room in hell. Garcin, Inez, and Estelle are placed into this unexpected situation with each other. They are faced with memories of their sins and the hell that is created is that they have each other to remind if their sins that they committed. In other words, their hell is one another. In this play, which takes place in a plain room furnished in Second Empire