Jean Paul Sartre : French Activist

1860 words - 8 pages

Throughout the post World War Two era, many people became homeless in countries such as France, Poland, Belgium and other territories of war because of the economic collapse. A Cold War also emerged between the two rising power countries in the world, the USSR and the United States. The emergence of the United Nations, which was a council where the countries of the world could get together so they could discuss global issues, had given some hope to those but only on the surface. In France specifically, there were homeless people all over because of economic weakness, little military power because of Hitler’s occupation of France, and most importantly the corrupted psychology of the people. Jean Paul Sartre became part of the miserable France after World War Two. Sartre fit right into the era of doubt and dismay. He was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and critic. He also became one of the primary figures in philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, along with being a leading figure in 20th century philosophy and Marxism. When Sartre was captured during World War Two by German troops, he realized no person existed that did not make an impact on the entire human race such as Hitler who had made a negative impact on the world. What makes Sartre unique to the era of misery in France because he questioned God and changed France’s presence in the world by making the French change how they acted towards one another and how to question, with the new philosophy of existentialism that states one person fashions the entire race.
As France’s presence in the world collapsed and finally women started to have rights when he became partners with Simone de Beauvoir, who was a modern feminist who believed in equality and stood up to the old thinking that women did everything in the household. At the collapse of the Fourth Republic, which otherwise became known as the Vichy government, after the fall when occupied France became liberated they took out the entire fascist regime and created a new republic called the Fifth Republic. The Fifth Republic had more liberty than others before because they allowed women to have voting rights and let people have the freedom speech. This allowed “Sartre [to remain] politically active after the war, often espousing Marxist causes,” the change had been so sudden most people felt shaken and did not know what cause to follow (Magill 1). Many people looked for some kind of source to rely on and they found comfort in Sartre’s philosophy and his outlook on politics. Jean Paul thought he “had the obligation to address the social issues of the day,” such as the government and what was wrong with the people and how they acted they way they did (Stanford 7). As Sartre became more popular over the years more people flocked to his philosophies of existentialism and his Marxists beliefs about the government, they also came to realize and believe in the...

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