Jean Piaget's Influence On Psychology Essay

794 words - 4 pages

Although he identified himself as a genetic epistemologist, Jean Piaget was a psychologist from Switzerland. When he was just eleven years old Piaget started to take steps in starting his research career without even realizing it when he wrote a brief paper over an Albino Sparrow (Bringuier, 1980). He originally studied natural sciences and was involved in the branch of philosophy that was focused on origin, nature and the extents and limits of human knowledge. But as he progressed in his studies he realized that he was also interested in how thought develops and wanted to understand how genetics impacted the process (Mayer, 2005).
Some of Piaget’s earlier psychological work included running intelligence tests on children. By preforming these tests, the results led him to the conclusion that children think differently from adults because at the time it was assumed that children were just smaller adults. Because of this, Piaget began to study cognitive development errors in children (Piaget, 1976). One example of a test he performed was giving a three year old one large mound of clay and one small mound of clay. Next, he would tell the child to make them into two equal mounds. After this, Piaget would break one of the mounds into two smaller mounds and then proceed to question the child on which had more clay. Usually they would say that the one with the two smaller mounds was bigger even though they were equal. But when he repeated the tests on children that were six and seven years of age, they no longer made the error in saying one mound was bigger than the other. These types of errors helped to provide insights that were essential for understanding the mental world of a child (Piaget and Inhelder, 1969). He proposed that there were actually four different stages in the process of cognitive development. The four different stages that make up the process are the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage and the formal operational stage (Fischer, Kurt, Denver, 1890). The sensorimotor stage beings at birth and lasts through infancy and this is when infants gain information about the world by sensing it and moving around within it. The preoperational stage happens between the ages of two and six and this is when children start to have preliminary understanding of the physical world. The concrete operational stage is from ages six to eleven and this includes when children learn...

Find Another Essay On Jean Piaget's Influence on Psychology

Jean Piaget Essay

1527 words - 6 pages paper on the subject of Zoology in Le Rameau de sapin, a Swiss magazine. The three paragraph article was based on an experience with an albino sparrow which young Jean had seen in the park. By age 16, Piaget's scientific research focused on mollusks, and had been published in both the Journal de la conchycologie, and Revue suisse de zoologie. His interests in natural science led him to the University of Neuchatel, where, in 1918, he obtained a

Discuss Piaget's account of cognitive development in the preoperational stage.

1333 words - 5 pages Cognitive development refers to " a person perceives, thinks, and gains an understanding of his or her world through the interaction and influence of genetic and learned factors" (Plotnik, 1999). Cognitive development in the preoperational stage refers to a five year period of mental maturation during childhood.. The first methods of studying this growth were developed by Jean Piaget, who hypothesized that this growth took place over four

3 perspecitves of early psychology

588 words - 2 pages There are 10 different perspectives of early psychology. I will be focusing on three: Gestalt psychology, psychodynamic, and cognitive. Here is a summary of each.Gestalt psychology: Belief that the whole (Gestalt) is more than the sum of the parts, particularly in human behavior. For example the brain "sees" the rapid presentation of photographs as cinematographic motion, a musical piece is more than just collection of notes. The Gestalt school

The Theories of Jean Piaget

1108 words - 4 pages The Theories of Jean Piaget This essay is about Jean Piaget's theory. Piaget's theory has two main strands: first, an account of the mechanisms by which cognitive development takes place; and second, an account of the four main stages of cognitive development through which children pass. Piaget suggested that there are four main stages in the cognitive development of children. In the first two years, children pass

The Explanation of Vygotsky and Piaget’s Theories

2180 words - 9 pages , and comparative psychology. His ideas also influenced the thinking of professionals who gave advice about parenting practices. His conception of children being constructive thinkers who learn what they are ready to had a profound influence on educational thinking. It is hard to see how the contemporary field of instructional psychology developed if there was no Piaget. (Flavell, 1996) Jean Piaget observed his children’s process of making sense of

Cognitive Development of Children

1164 words - 5 pages focus on qualitative growth had a significant influence on education. Even as Piaget did not particularly use his theory to education, many educational programs are manufactured upon the faith that children should be trained at the level for which they are developmentally ready. Other than this, a number of instructional approaches have been derived from Piaget's work. These tactics include providing a supportive environment, using social

Piaget's Four Stages of Learning in Cognitive Development

1098 words - 4 pages Jean Piaget's Four Stages of Learning in Cognitive Development Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist who did work on the development of intelligence in children. His studies have had a major impact on the fields of psychology and education. Piaget liked to call himself a genetic epistemologist (is a person who studies the origins of human knowledge) His theories led to more advanced work in child psychology. Piaget does work involving both

The Role of Cognitive Development, Logic, and Emotionality.

744 words - 3 pages sourcebook on assessment, volume 1: Definitions and assessment methods for critical thinking, problem solving, and writing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Gardner, H. (1993). Creating minds: An anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi. New York: Basic Books.Hoffman, W. C. (n.d.). The formal structure of dialectical psychology. Retrieved December 6, 03, from http

Cognitive Psychology

2243 words - 9 pages Structures (1957) and a review of Skinner’s Verbal Behaviour (1959) were considered to be ground-breaking, playing a significance role in the rise of psycholinguistics and the decline in popularity of Behaviourism. Chomsky’s argument was that language and its acquisition were formed on a basis of pre-existing mental rules, structures and syntactical abilities, rather than learnt solely by a stimulus-response system. Jean

An assessment on Piaget

1810 words - 7 pages century. Whilst Skinner was ranked first, Jean Piaget was ranked second (Hergenhahm, 2009, p. 634). Santrock describes Piaget as a "giant in the field of development psychology, the founder of the present field of children's cognitive development" (2011, p. 188), while Siegler recognises Piaget's contribution to the cognitive development as "a testimony to how much one person can do" as before Piaget "no recognisable field of cognitive development

Cognitive Learning Theory

641 words - 3 pages Cognitive Learning TheoryCognitive theory focuses on an unobservable change in mental knowledge. Cognitive came about as a rejection of the behaviorist views. Psychologists believed that mental events, or cognitivism, could no longer be ignored.According to Blanton (2007), there are many general assumptions of cognitive learning theories such as some learning processes being unique to human beings and cognitive processes are the focus of the

Similar Essays

Jean Jacques Rousseau's Influence On Mary Shelley's Creature

1216 words - 5 pages can explain this. He writes, “revenge became terrible, and men bloody and cruel” (Rousseau). Society’s effect on the Creature resulted in extreme jealousy and mass revenge on other people. By using Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s beliefs, Mary Shelley is able to show the evolution of human society through the Creature in Frankenstein. Mary Shelley was influenced by Rousseau before she wrote Frankenstein which is why there are so many connections

Piaget Essay

1790 words - 7 pages This book report will focus on Piaget by Margaret A. Boden. It was published by the Harvester Press Limited in association with Fontana Paperbacks in 1979, in Sussex. It serves as an outline for Jean Piaget's theoretical work in psychology, biology and philosophy, and then offers a critique into the validity, importance, and influence of his ideas. This book report will offer a summary of the major themes outlined by Boden in her book, and then

Biography On Jean Piaget This Is An Essay On Jean Piaget It Is Written For My Child Development Class. It Is In Apa Style.

1095 words - 4 pages Jean Jacques Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland on August 9, 1896. His father, Arthur Piaget was a professor in Medieval Literature. His mother, Rebecca Jackson, was an intelligent woman but Jean found her a little bit neurotic. When he was in his late youth he had a faith crisis. His mother encouraged him to attend church but he only found it foolish. So he decided to focus less on philosophy and more on psychology (Smith, L.).Jean

Did Piaget Underestimate What Children Understand About The Physical World?

1379 words - 6 pages that he would have continued his research and made necessary alterations to his original ideas. It is becoming increasingly obvious that Piaget did miscalculate what children understand about the physical world. Many people have made efforts to enhance our knowledge of cognitive development based on Piaget's theory. References Tony Malim and Ann Birch (1998) Introductory Psychology London: MacMillan Press Ltd Richard Gross and Rob