Jesus and Mohammed PAGE 6
Jesus and Mohammed PaperBarbara Perez-LugoW7 AssignmentAxia College of University of PhoenixAmy PerumalApril 22, 2007Jesus and MohammedJesus and Mohammed both laid the foundation for two similar and yet very different religions. Jesus was the founder of Christianity while Mohammed was the founder of Islam. This paper is meant to compare the lives of Jesus and Mohammed historically, explore what impact the death of each person had on his respective religion, describe the ways each have been worshipped, and explain how each message is being carried out in the world today.LivesBoth Jesus and Mohammed were influential roll models to their respective religions. Consequently, Christianity and Islam are two of the most influential religions to date. Both men and their religions originated in Islam; nevertheless, there are significant differences between the two.Figure 1 below illustrates the comparisons in the lives of Jesus and Mohammed. All references illustrated in the chart are according to Fisher, M. P. (2005) except for Biblical references. All Biblical references are according to Lightning Study Bible KJV-R.Figure 1: Lives of Jesus and Mohammed
Image: Modified and reproduced from The Aetherius Society (2006).
Image: Modified and reproduced from Mohammed Image Archive (n.d.).
Born in Bethlehem (4 BCE-30 CE).
Conceived of the Holy Spirit-Born of a virgin (Matthew 1:18-25).
Born in Mecca (570 CE-632 CE).
Naturally conceived-not of a virgin.
Crucified: Sacrificed his life for humanity.
Resurrected within three days.
Ascended to heaven.
There was no appointed successor.
Died of Illness
Was not resurrected.
Did not ascend to heaven.
Abu Bakr became his appointed successor.
The son of God, God's word and God (John 1:1,14)
Had at least one wife: Khadijah
Revelations from God
Directly from God: (Father to Son)
From God through the Arch Angel Gabriel (as messenger of God)
Nature of God
There is only one God:
Represented as the Holy Trinity i.e. God-The Father, Jesus-God the Son, and The Holy Spirit-Power and presence of God.
There is only one God.
Represented by Muhammad as the messenger.
Read the scriptures.
Self professed illiterate.
Old Testament: Known as Hebrew Bible or Five Books of Moses (written prior to the birth of Jesus).
New Testament: Written after Jesus' death by his disciples.
Apocrypha: Non-canonical Jewish texts mystical writings based on the vision of the prophet Isaiah (used in some denominations not all).
Note: There is no mention of Mohammed in the Bible.
Qur'an: Known as Revelations from Allah to Mohammed (written by Mohammed).
Torah: Five books of Moses
Hadith: Stories of Mohammed's life.
Sunnah: Sayings and actions of Mohammed.
Note: There are several references to Jesus in the Qur'an.