Jews In Russia Essay

1288 words - 5 pages

To Russian Jews, the synagogue was the center of religion and religion was themost important thing in their lives. The rabbi was their leader, they came to him withevery problem they had. Jews were poor, but they all gave tzedakah. It was said thateven the poorest Jews could find someone poorer to help and give money to. Accordingto the Jewish religion, tzedakah is one of the most important mitzvahs you can do. Thesame could be said about the Jewish holidays. They were observed very strictly, butShabbat was the most welcomed. In order to teach the importance of Jewish law, theystarted their own schools, their own courts of law, and their own burial societies. eventhough there were pogroms, religious persecution forced the Jews to create strongercommunities and made them more united.In the beginning of the 1800s, Alexander I ruled Russia. He promised the Jewsthat they could become farmers, could live in two districts, and could buy unoccupiedland. Although Alexander was kind and helped the Jews, the tax they were forced to pay,stayed. before he died in 1825, the Jewish situation became hard for them to bare. Theylived in poverty in small and crowded places and were oppressed.For hundreds of years, Jews lived these ways in two communities - the ghetto and theshtetl. To keep out thieves and rioters from coming in, they built walls around theirsection of town. When they did this, the government and churches got an idea, theywould use the walls that the Jews built, to lock them in.These walls were located near a foundry that made cannons, so they named it"ghetto" which means "foundry". They would close the gates every night and the Jewswould be locked in until daybreak. The word of the ghettos quickly spread, soon therewere ghettos all over Europe. The Jews were all treated the same in every ghetto that wasin Europe, according the government and churches, the Jews had no rights. They wereno allowed to own land, join crafts guilds, or do any kind of work that Christians got todo. In some ghettos, they were even forced to wear badges so anyone who saw themwould know they were Jewish. The badge was usually a Star of David. For many years,the government took copies of the Talmud, and burnt them. Also the government forcedthe Jews to listen to long Christian sermons. Even though all these terrible things tookplace and the government was not good to the Jews, the ghettos seemed to be a betterplace for most Jews than the outside. The rich helped the poor and even the poorest Jewwas treated with respect because of what the Jewish law said. Though their livingconditions were not the best, the Jews all worked, studied, celebrated, and prayedtogether. They also tried to make life as worthwhile as possible.During the period that ghettos were spreading and becoming more well-known,shtetls, which mean "little towns", were beginning to take shape. Many of the Jewssettled outside the main cities, this is where they formed their shtetls. Unlike ghettos, theshtetls...

Find Another Essay On Jews in Russia

Conventional and Nazi Antisemitism Essay

1701 words - 7 pages with that of the homeland. Russia on the other hand was different during 1817 to 1914. Jews during this time had limited economic opportunities. As a result of this, Tsar Alexander III forced Jews out of the countryside and into cities. It is not known if this actually helped their situation or not. Just like in Germany, France, and Austria, Russia also had much hatred for Jews. However, the type of antisemitism found here was unusual for its

The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century

1586 words - 6 pages , at this time they were accused of starting the Black Death. Jews were also accused of sacrificing children during certain celebrations. None of this was true but because of those rumours they were from then on seen as outsiders. Hatred against the Jews led to violence in England in 1189 and 1290, in Germany in 1345 and in Spain in1492. A great amount of the Jewish population lived in Russia but many were forced to

Henry Ford's Attitude Towards Jews

988 words - 4 pages could lead to misfortune for society and he sighted historical problems in Russia, England, and Germany to support his theory. Bauer called the Jews stubborn and said they were unwilling to give up their traditions. Stoecker blames the Jews for Germany's misfortunes and views Jewish social abuses as corrupting the country and Mommsen saw the "Jewish Problem" as a threat to both a Christian state and Germany. Their views were founded in a moral

Escape from Sobibor

619 words - 2 pages were prisoners of war. They were also Jewish and sympathetic towards the other Jews who were kept in Sobibor. This was mainly because Russia was at war with Germany because Germany were trying to capture Russia. The Russian soldiers were brought to Sobibor for the main reason to do all the hard work labour on the camp.The Russian Soldiers aided the Jewish leader in planning for their escape. They had enough experience and knowledge to plan the

The Holocaust

1507 words - 7 pages cramped ghettos. Many families instead fled to Russia, where they were later put into forced labor camps in Siberia or caught up in the Nazi's war on Russia. Each ghetto was to have a Judenrat, a council of Jewish leaders, to carry out Nazi orders.The biggest and second biggest ghettos were the Warsaw ghetto and Lodz, respectively. Jews were shipped in cattle cars under horrible conditions to the ghettos, where they were starved and given no medical

Jewish History

1071 words - 4 pages reason Jewish and Christian populations couldn’t get along was due to different religious beliefs and for many years the Church taught of how it believed the Jews had killed Jesus, however in modern times this view has been discredited by many historians. In Russia there was a long history of anti-semitism in Eastern Europe which where highlighted by the Chmielnicki massacres throughout an eight year period, 1648-1656

The Impact of the Black Plague on European Jews

1585 words - 6 pages The Impact of the Black Plague on European Jews “One tiny insect, a flea, toppled feudalism and changed the course of history in Europe.” (Walter S. Zapotoczny) (Representation of a massacre of the Jews in 1349 Antiquitates Flandriae (Royal Library of Belgium manuscript 13076/77 from entry “Black Death Jewish Persecutions, Wikipedia) Impact of the Black Plague on European Jews Introduction The Great Mortality or Black

Discussion of the Importance of Economic Factors in the Changing Nature of Jew-hating

2135 words - 9 pages triggered off the change in Jew-hating because the Jews had suddenly risen to success, overpowering the Gentiles. In contrast to Germany, the nature of ‘Jew-Hating’ in Russia in the 19th Century was like that of the western medieval world. The change from Judeaphobia to Anti-Semitism was not evident until the Russian Revolution and First World War when Russia’s economy faced collapse as a consequence of the ‘double attack


1064 words - 4 pages in Spain. This court independent from the church persecuted people suspected in not believing in the doctrines of the church in order the save there lives converted to Christianity while secretly practicing Judaism. Finally all Jews were banished from Spain in 1492. Thousand of Spanish Jews migrated to Turkey which still followed the Muslims policy. Jews were expelled from England, France, Germany, Switzerland, Russia and Poland. Many

The History of Jews in the United States of America: Why and when did they migrate?

1317 words - 5 pages the ghetto walls were rebuilt and a new wave anti-Semitism swept across Europe, which led to the migration of many Jews from Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bohemia Russia and Poland. Also during this period capitalism was being introduced in Europe and the effect on agricultural economies was devastating; given the fact that most of the common folks made their living in by farming. In addition, there was wide spread crop failure and lack of arable

Why and How the Nazis Persecuted Jews

1264 words - 5 pages subhuman the people believed that they were. And they did not really see what was happening in the ghettos. The Nazis now knew they could with anything. In 1941 Germany invaded Russia and they seemed set to take on thousands of Jews. The Nazis decided that that ghettos and concentration camps were not enough for them. In 1942 the Wannsee conference was held where over a buffet lunch they came to a 'final solution

Similar Essays

The Change In Status And Position Of Jews In Russia, France And Germany In The Years 1880 1920

2224 words - 9 pages The Change in Status and Position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany in the Years 1880-1920 Throughout history Jews have been persecuted. I am going to write about how their status and position changed from 1880 to 1920 in the countries France, Russia and Germany. Anti-Semitism, the persecution of Jews, was introduced centuries before the year 1880. In Ancient times Jews were used as slaves by the Egyptian's, the

Jews In The 19th Century Essay

1257 words - 5 pages , nearly half of the Jewish population of the world lived under Russian rule in the 19th. The area were most of the Jews had to live in the Russian Empire was called The Pale of Settlement. It was in the west of Russia in former Polish and Turkish lands. Russians didn't want the Jews moving into Russia. If they were not farmers, they were compelled by law to leave villages. They were banned from living near Russia's

How Did The Role Of The Jewish People Change During The Second Industrial Revolution?

895 words - 4 pages thought" (Calgary). During the enlightenment some reforms were made. In 1782, Joseph II gave the Jews of the Habsburg Empire equal treatment as the Christians. France gave citizenship to Jews in 1789. Also during this time places such as Italy and Germany were treating Jews and Christians equally. An exception to the fair treatment was Russia. Russia continued to discriminate against Jews until World War I. The Russian government controlled

Economic And Social Decline Of The Jewish People Within The Polish Region (1400 1917)

1359 words - 6 pages Lesson 10, “Jews and their non-Jewish neighbors lived in uneasy co-existence” [2]. They were treated as dhimmi, and held many jobs from tax collector to financers. Many centuries later, the situation took a dire turn for the worse, as Russia began moving westward as the economic situation of the Kingdom of Poland began to decline. Although there had been an uneasy feeling revolving the Jewish people in the Kingdom of Poland between the fifteenth