Jews in the 19th Century During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed
frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain
inequality changed dramatically.
At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal
of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians
could not accept Jews into their community. They thought of Jews as
aliens. In Germany Jews were persecuted. To start with, the nazi's
made laws to limit their freedom and encourage attacks on Jewish homes
and businesses. Gradually the persecution increased until the nazi's
started to send Jews to ' extermination camps'.
The encouragement by the state of anti-semitisim was not known in the
roman and early Christian era. The Jewish religion was often a cause
of irritation and the different customs of the Jews. Anti Semitism
started off when all kinds of measures were taken by religious and
political leaders to prevent the mingling of Jews and Christians. The
religious, social and economic rights of the Jews were restricted.
Anti- Semitism grew from then on. Some things had to change.
In the 19th in Germany Jews were being murdered and their houses
looted. The pop had decided that Jews should wear different clothing
to show that they were not Christians. Jews were not allowed to vote,
have an education or to be a part of the government. It took till 1871
for German Jews to get the same rights as other German citizens.
Heimrich Heine argued on behalf of the Jews.
There was still evidence that some German's were not pleased with the
emancipation of the Jews. Jews had dominant position in German
banking, which was resented by an unpleasant attack by a newspaper on
the personal banker to the German chancellor. By 1914-90
anti-semistism deputies had been elected into the Reichstag. This
reflected the fact that Jews had a dominant position on German banking
which was resented in German society. Right wing politicians felt
insecure and hated the Jews. Jewish physical type was a threat to the
pure-bred German nation.
In 1789 during the French revolution, the national assembly was trying
to create a better system of government for France. Wilhelm Dohm
thought the rights that Jews should have were to be treated as
valuable citizens if all occupations and educational institutions were
open to them. He was a good Christian but he could see and understand
the inequality in France. Between 1789-1815 the Jews were granted the
rights of full citizenship and no one should be persecuted for their
religious rights. The government wanted a peaceful country and they
thought that by making these rights for Jews things would become to
The governments ideas might...