Jews: The People Of The Book

2275 words - 10 pages

Throughout all of time, Jews have been considered “The People of the Book.” This term was created by the followers of Judaism as a way of describing their own connection to the Torah and other holy texts. In Jewish tradition, there are many spiritual objects that hold much importance to its followers, the Torah being the most important. It is believed to be the stem to all the knowledge of Jewish law and tradition, thus why its importance is undefinable to all Jews. The Torah is composed of the Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, all of which are also referred to as Pentateuch or Chumash . The Torah is what defines Judaism and the way of life of the Jewish people. Through this, the importance of the Torah and its scrolls will be defined in the Jewish tradition by tying each of the books back to the Jewish people.
1. Genesis
Genesis is the first of the Five Books of Moses and it describes the time from Creation of the world to the descent of the Children of Israel to Ancient Egypt. Genesis itself is broken up into four literary movements, primeval history being the first. Primeval history is composed of the first eleven chapters of Genesis and during this time, the world was created. Throughout each of the four movements, however, the narrative’s focus shifts from the entire created order, to humanity, to the family of Abraham, to one of Abraham’s grandsons, and then finally culminating in the creation of the tribe of Israel and the presence of Israelites in Egypt. The creation of the world is said to have taken place between six literal days and in each of these days, some piece of the world was created and on the last day, the first man, Adam, and the first woman, Eve, were created. These events eventually led up to the story of Abraham, the second movement of the Book of Genesis. During this time, Abraham was called by God to leave his father and native land behind to find a new land and family, a land referred to as the Promise Land . Like all journeys, however, threats and difficulties arose. Abraham had trouble producing an heir and had to deal with the bondage in Egypt, but in due time, he overcame these difficulties and the Promise Land was established and found. Abraham later died at a recorded age of 175 and was buried by his sons Isaac an Ishmael, leading up to the third movement: the story of Jacob and the dreams he had for his son, Joseph. Jacob was the third patriarch of the Hebrew people, with whom God made a covenant, and an ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants. His story teaches the Jewish people how an imperfect person can greatly be blessed by God – not because of who the person is, but because of who God is. Jacob fathered 12 sons who became the leaders of the 12 tribes of Israel, one of which was Joseph, a key figure in the Old Testament . His story also teaches the Jewish people that the sooner they trust God in life, the longer they will...

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