Joan Of Arc
Witchcraft is an on going concern throughout all ages in history. Many people believe in the power of darker forces. Most fear those with special gifts and begin to make accusations formulated through jealousy. Joan of Arc was one of those people that had many gifts and foresaw the future through divine intervention. Burned at the stake for being accused and tried as being a witch, she never gave up her pride or lost faith in her God.
Joan was born in 1412 and lived in a small village called Domremy, which is located in the Champagne district of northeastern France. She grew up as the daughter of a farmer. Often working on the farm and tending to the animals, Joan lived the life of a peasant woman.1 She did not attend school and never learned to read or write. Even though she was illiterate she spent most of her time praying and attending church.2 At the age of thirteen she became aware of something she soon came to call "voices." Joan perceived these voices as being divine. Later on these voices Joan heard led her to reveal a secret outcome of a battle that only the king himself had knowledge of. After learning of Joan's prediction, the rightful king, Charles VII called her in to talk and Joan told him about her visions and prophecies.3 Meanwhile in France, the English began to gradually invade the central area. This was part of the One Hundred Years War, and the English threatened the city of Orleans. Orleans is located eighty miles south of Paris and if the English would have captured the city, Paris would have probably been next.4 The only solution to this problem was to stop the English at Orleans. At age seventeen, Joan of Arc suited up for battle to lead her troops to Orleans and drive the French out of the city. Continuing to fight the English out of France, Joan brought unity to her country guided by her "voices." While protecting the town of Champiegne, her and five hundred other soldiers were shut out of the town when Guillaume de Flavy closed the drawbridge to protect the town. The English captured Joan outside the gate and later was sold back to the Spanish for ten thousand pounds. The Spanish immediately put her in a jail and charged her with being a witch and a heretic.5
The "voices" that Joan claimed to hear led to her arrest and accusation of being a witch. At the age of thirteen Joan started to hear voices. Accompanied by a blaze of light, Joan could somehow distinguish these voices into Saints through their dialogue.6 Among these saints she recognized St. Michael, St. Margaret, and St. Catherine. 7 One of the first "voices" that Joan heard, told her about a battle just outside Orleans, in Herring. Joan was instructed by the voices to go to the king so that she could lead France to victory over the English and to crown the rightful king, Charles VII. She went to a man named Robert Bandricourt, who commanded a neighboring town, and requested him to take her to the king. When he denied her right...