Joan Of Arc Biography Essay

722 words - 3 pages

Joan d’Arc was one of the most popular Renaissance warriors and is famously known for her battle at Orleans, which she won, at only 18 years of age. When she rose to fame, Joan was often called the “Maid of Lorraine,” showing that she was the peasant girl from Lorraine.
Born in 1412, Jeanne d’Arc, more commonly known as Joan of Arc, was raised in the small village of Domrémy, located in Lorraine, France. Her parents, Jacques d’Arc and Isabelle Romée, were mere peasants that also helped raise her 4 siblings, Jean d’Arc, Pierre d’Arc, Catherine d’Arc, and Jacquemin d’Arc. As a child, Joan often had to deal with wars, financial struggles, a corrupt government, and the slaying of innocent people, often for no reason. This was because of the simultaneous deaths of the kings of France, King Henry V, and England, King Charles VI. With them dead, the only heirs to the throne were Charles, who may not have been Charles VI’s biological ...view middle of the document...

The older she got, the more vivid they were. There would be angels telling her that she could free France from the war, which is what she inevitably did in the end. Although she is known as a hero today, the church in the Middle Ages thought of her as a heretic and wished to burn her at the stake for it. A heretic was someone who spoke against the church and Joan, who was girl, said she had heard the voice of God, which was something only the pope could do. Soon, answering her calling, Joan left her home, against the wishes of everyone she knew. Her goals were to stop the Hundred Years’ War and to make the Dauphin king. So she traveled to Chinon, the resting place of the Dauphin and was convinced to send Joan to rally the soldiers at Orleans. She did so and won the siege, during which she was only 18! Joan, although she didn’t fight, was an inspiration to the many soldiers who were losing faith. She showed them that impossible things actually were possible. After all, Joan was a girl, leading the troops of France into battle, which was unheard of until 1940, at the earliest. And this inspiration drove them to the winning side. The one time she did slip-up, which was inevitable, was on March 23, 1430 at Compiègne. During battle, she was wounded and taken captive by the English. However, she stayed in Rouen, France, where she was questioned as a heretic. This went on for about a year, during which they questioned her and even threatened to torture her! Finally, the church had made their verdict and she was sentenced to death.
Of course her goals were reached before she died on May 30, 1431. The Dauphin was crowned King Henry VI and, after her death, the Hundred Years’ War ended on July 17, 1453. Tragically, Joan was burned at the stake when she was only 19 years of age! To be burned at the stake, a common tradition at that time, would be a painfully slow death. The would tie you to a large stake and pile wood around you. Then they would set it on fire and you would burn from the feet up. Even though she was an inspiration, her death was disgraceful, But that shame was washed away when Pope Benedict XV canonized her, meaning he named Joan a saint.

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