Nursing is a healthcare profession that started out almost two centuries ago. Before, nursing involved providing basic and quality care to patients. However, in modern times, nursing has evolved and there are so many branches of nursing like mental health, medical, surgical etc. Nurses today working in the specific branch have their own expectations on their job scope. However, their expectations may or may not be different from what they really are experiencing while on the job. Nurses will be happy if their work fall within the limits of their expectations. If their work differs from their expectations, they will be unhappy. This is recognized as job satisfaction (Hamiadeh 2011). Studies explored have reported that job satisfaction is a direct result of several factors associated with work such as the tasks nurses are expected to do, relationship with their colleagues, factors in the workplace and the workload that they are expected to accomplish. Factors in the workplace and job satisfaction are interlinked as working conditions can be controlled resulting in increase or decrease job satisfaction (Roelen, Koopmans & Groothoff, 2008). When factors in the workplace are displayed as ideal working conditions, nurses will stay on to their job. However, if working conditions are poor, nurses are more likely to leave the hospital. Furthermore, factors in the workplace is part of extra-personal factors. Job satisfaction is a mixture of extra-personal and inter-personal factors. (Hayes, Bonner & Pryor, 2010) Another highlighting factor contributing to job satisfaction was burnout. A study done in 2007 portrayed burnout to be a cause of concern for job satisfaction and in turn, affects how mental health nurses performed on their job.( Ashtari, Farhady & Khodaee, 2009). Supporting this was another study done in 2009 which showed that nurses in mental health have higher rates of burnout and job dissatisfaction compared to nurses in other settings.( Hamiadeh 2011). This proposal would like to highlight this three major factors of job satisfaction and explore which type would be experienced by nurses in general medical setting and mental health setting respectively.
In general medical settings, job satisfaction can be identified as a result of intra-personal factors. Intra-personal refers to the personality and working style of the nurse when he’s working. The key focus is on the nurse himself or herself on educational preparation and working mechanism (i.e. how he or she copes with work). (Hayes, Bonner & Pryor, 2010).
A study done showed nurses with Education Preparation (i.e. student nurses) were reported to find autonomy less important than nurses who have been working in the hospital for a certain length of time.( Dunn et al, 2005), Hayes, Bonner & Pryor, 2010). This is because nurses who have been working in the hospital for quite some time, have develop skills that let them think on their feet, and shaping...