Unemployment Uk Essay

1592 words - 6 pages

UnemploymentUnemployment has existed ever since the creation of an economic system, and as a result, policies have been implemented to try to resolve high unemployment levels in the U.K. In this essay I will be describing the arguments around unemployment and evaluating the evidence for and against it. The approach will be predominantly on the structure of unemployment, the policies to reduce unemployment and the various reasons that unemployment comes about will also be considered.Unemployment can be defined as 'The number of people who are actively looking for work but are currently without a job' Unemployment has been a consistent economic problem and is a predicament that every economy wrestles with to overcome. The unemployment level determines the economic position of a country in relation to the world.Unemployment takes different forms, which is notably argued by Parkin, Powell and Matthews as taking three forms, the first being frictional unemployment. The frictionally unemployed are people who have just entered the workforce or who have been laid off work and are looking for work. Structural unemployment is another category, which describes how jobs are lost through increasing technological advances, which cut down the need for extra workers as well as the loss of jobs through international competition. Unemployment, which fluctuates with the business cycle, where periods of high inflation see a high unemployment rate, is known as cyclical unemployment.The division of unemployment into class ethnicity, region, gender and age can explain the trends of unemployment.Theodore Caplowan American Sociologist recognizes issues which abate women in the labour market. He outlines that women's careers come to a stand still when they take up the traditional roles of housewives and mothers. Adopting the mother or housewife role, consequently leads to them becoming less attractive to an employer, as employers recognises that women are less geographically mobile thus explaining the link between women and low status jobs.There has been a considerable increase in the number of women who are unemployed had greatly increased in a period of 10 years from 5.5% in 1998 to 6% in 1999. These changes are depicted in the graph on the following page. This increase can be explained by the substantial increase in the quantity of women who work. The department of Employment and the office of population census and surveys have carried out studies on women and employment. Their findings haven shown that women's attitudes were changing in favour of paid employment and that women believed it should be organized to complement the lives of married women. The rate of women that are unemployed has made a rapid increase, which can be explained by the slowly diminishing family role and women are therefore focusing more on the career aspect in their lives. Laws in equal pay and equal opportunities reflect these changes and shows encouragement to women in society. Expectations...

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