This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Positions Of The Greek Philosophers In Rafael's Painting

1857 words - 7 pages

Raphael’s painting, “The school of Athens” is not merely a conglomeration of all of the philosophers of the time period, but includes a more profound amount of time, effort, and thought put into the placement and depiction of each of the characters. Each of the characters has been painted in a way that is reflective of their individual beliefs and philosophy. Though each individual was depicted as a specific philosopher from the time period there is still some debate over exactly which philosopher is which. There are at least ten of these philosophers who have been depicted so clearly that there is no argument as to the reasoning behind their portrayal. Some of the philosophers that were specifically painted in such a way were: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Hypatia, Diogenes, Euclid, Heraclitus, Epicurus, Averroes, Parmenides, and Pythagoras. These philosophers all had different beliefs and ideas about the world, and each is placed into the painting in such a way that represents these ideas.
Plato is placed directly in the middle of the painting, walking beside Aristotle, and holding an animated conversation. Plato wears red clothing, wears no shoes, has long hair, and a long beard. In one hand he holds a book, while his other hand has a single index finger pointing toward the sky. Each of these characteristics describes Plato and his philosophy in a specific manner. The most obvious characteristic about Plato’s portrayal is his index finger pointing toward the sky. This seems to represent his philosophy about ideas, or forms. Plato believed that behind everything in the “sensible world” there is the “intelligible world” which consists of all of these forms and ideas. Plato believed that these forms are immutable, they are not physical, they are not touchable, but they can be known and understood. Plato’s finger pointing toward the sky could be representative of his beliefs in these ideas because it is as if he is gesturing to the ideas which are not a part of the ‘down to earth’ physical world. His finger is not pointing directly toward any object above him, just simply gesturing to the empty space, implying the presence of the ideas and forms that exist, but are not identifiable in this state. Plato is most likely portrayed in red because his philosophy always revolved more around the ideas of forms instead of physical touchable objects. It could be that the colors of red and a white/gray represent fire and air, which are two elements that are freer flowing, more open ended, and less grounded in the physical world. Many of Plato’s ideas were like fire and air, more abstract and less tangible than the ideas of the other philosophers of his time. Plato is likely pictured with no shoes on his feet because…
The man talking to Plato on his left is Aristotle. Aristotle is portrayed in blue, younger, with a short, brown beard and sandals on his feet. Aristotle has one hand holding his book, and the other hand is stretched in front of him, facing...

Find Another Essay On Positions of the Greek Philosophers in Rafael's Painting

Intersection of Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality define Social Positions in Alice Walkers The Color Purple

1686 words - 7 pages woman living in Georgia in 1910 to 1940, one can expect to witness the general ‘acceptable’ racism present within the novel towards people of color. Despite the ‘acceptable’ racism, the novel accentuates the hardships and struggles the women of color in this novel have to go through. The social positions of the characters, more so Celie and Sofia, in Walker’s The Color Purple are based on the social identities of their gender, race, class

The Most Influential Group of Philosophers

753 words - 3 pages In the course of human history, there have been many great, influential philosophers that have changed our view of this small planet and the universe around it. Perhaps the most influential group of philosophers came from ancient Greece. Many ideals and principles we use today come from three prominent philosophers named Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These men will soon (not in their lifetimes) change the course of human history and the

The Heavenly City of Eighteenth Century Philosophers

2038 words - 9 pages I. Introduction a. The medieval world, epitomized by Thomas Aquinas, had unwavering belief in religious doctrine and viewed the Great Chain of Being as the concept that gave absolute structure to society. b. The world of the philosophes c. The commonly ascribed difference between the two d. Becker’s argument i. The eighteenth century philosophers were more similar to the thirteenth century theologians than to humans today. ii. The 18th century

Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers

4094 words - 16 pages Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers VI. The Soul and Immortality 1. What is Aristotle's view? Aristotle taught others that the soul is to be found wherever life is. Since signs of life are found in nature, the soul must be found throughout nature. He also believed that the human soul is higher than other beings because it has the ability to think in terms of concepts. He also stated that the soul of man has the power of reason

Do philosophers or theorists have anything of value to offer in the conduct of politics?

2438 words - 10 pages Essay Question:Plato writes that, "Nothing else can enable one to see what is right for states and individuals, and the troubles of mankind will never cease until either true and genuine philosophers attain political power or the rulers of states become genuine philosophers." Do philosophers or theorists have anything of value to offer in the conduct of politics? Discuss with reference to at least two of the political thinkers you have

The Role of Fate in Greek History

788 words - 3 pages The Greek believed strongly in knowing yourself, retributive justice and being able to see things as a whole. They also arranged their social life to provide them with a maximum degree of freedom; freedom form political and religious domination. Despite their strong beliefs in freedom , they always had the belief on fate and usually consult the gods regarding their fate, so that they may live according to their fate. Fate is the inevitable

How Successful Was Organized Labor in improving the positions of workers in the period from 1875 to 1900?

1505 words - 6 pages wages were increasing. Labor groups such as the Knights of Labor and the AFL emerged seeking better rights of labors. The U.S government also passed laws preserving the rights of labors in most cases such as the two Sherman acts that were passed in 1890 but other laws passed were used to keep a stable monopoly of railroad transport. Riots and strikes by labor unions were not a pivotal point to promoting the positions of workers as it actually did

Raphael’s The School of Athens: Classical Philosophers in a Renaissance Work

1232 words - 5 pages far ahead of his time. It is curious that Raphael decided to include so many important secular figures in his fresco for the Pope. However, it represents that in the Renaissance, even and artist painting for the Pope could include things that didn’t have to do with religion, an idea that was entirely unheard of in the dark ages. In Raphael’s fresco, he shows us classical philosophers and tells us that being a thinker often can be a lonely and

Existentialism in the early 19th Century. Speaks of writers and philosophers

1614 words - 6 pages Major ThemesBecause of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice.Moral IndividualismMost philosophers since Plato have held that the highest

Comparison of TV news and Newspaper - Positions the viewer/reader

1178 words - 5 pages battle happening. The sentence positions you to be angry at both sides because they are fighting in a holy, ancient town around a hospital, which is a place that helps the injured.TV News uses pictures as well as words to position the audience. WIN news does this in their presentation as well. When the reporter has just finished talking about Israel not giving the people in Southern Lebanon enough time to get out, they show pictures of soldiers and

The Characteristics of Florentine Painting as Reflected in the Work of Masaccio

890 words - 4 pages The Characteristics of Florentine Painting as Reflected in the Work of Masaccio The Italian Renaissance was one of the most productive periods in the history of art, with large numbers of outstanding masters to be found in many centres and in all the major fields painting, sculpture, and architecture. In Florence, in the first half of the fifteenth century, there were great innovators in all these fields, whose work marked a beginning of a new

Similar Essays

The Beliefs Of Philosophers And The Belief In God

2161 words - 9 pages The beliefs I have, and what has given me strength is combined with what I have been taught and what I have researched. Throughout this paper, there are five questions that has me describe life, but also describes the person I have become. The three philosophers I chose were all different, and all have something in common. What they all have in common is that they all stand by what they believe in. The three I have chosen are Aristotle

Painting In The Second Half Of The Nineteenth Century

1587 words - 6 pages Painting in the Second Half of the Nineteenth CenturyDuring the second half of the nineteenth century, the ideal of self-determinationfostered by the French Revolution and spread by Napoleon helped spawn a revolutionaryspirit across Europe. This spirit of rebellion also infected artists of the period. Paintersbegan to challenge the philosophy and the aesthetic principles of the academies, lookingoutside these conservative institutions for their

The Perceived Challenges Of Women In Leadership Positions That Prevents Them From Climbing The Corporate Ladder

2430 words - 10 pages The Perceived Challenges of Women in Leadership Positions That Prevents Them from Climbing the Corporate Ladder Introduction For years, women have encountered gender bias in the corporate environment. Men have dominated the workplace making it difficult for women to advance in power and leadership. Gender bias has become problematic for the career oriented women creating barriers such as stereotyping, job advancement, power imbalance, and

Romanticism In The Hudson River School Of Painting

627 words - 3 pages Romanticism in the Hudson River School of Painting This group was formed by American landscape painters who were present from 1825 to 1880. Their work constituted of interest in realistic illustration of nature and a fascination to celebrate precisely the American scenery. Until its emergence, most artists seemed more interested in making portraits than painting murals. Those who did landscapes generally always turned to Europe for guidance